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˹ѧ; 32

ǧŢҹءҤШѧѴ˸ԡ
˹ѧ;(Թ๵)

¹ - Ҥ - Զع¹

   ѡٵä

       1.   طӹ͹աع

2.   ˹ѧ;

3.   ˹Һ͡ʶҹТͧ

4.   óҸԡ ت  vs  

5.   ҴѲšҡ

     5.1  Ҽ᷹ɮԴԻҧ 8 Ѱ

      5.2  Ǵҿʺ ˹ѧ¹ʹ

      5.3  ֧١֧ ૡ㹧ҹʹš ʹͨ¸ѹؤ

      5.4  ǧ ٨

      5.5  ʹ ͧ ͧشѻ

      5.6   ѡǪԡŨԵչçԧ

      5.7  óͺҼԾҡһѵҹ

      5.8  ѹ֡š ·ȹ. ԶšѺͧ

6.   ѡٵä: ç⾸

7.   ѡٵä ¾оѺ ѭҸ

      7.1  1 ;Ԩóҷ

                  711  ¢ͧç⾸

                 712  ;Ԩóҡú·ҧäŹԾҹ

                  713   þԨóҤѴ͡⾸

                  714   õҹԹç

                 715   þԨóͧѡٵ

                  716   ѡԨóҡ÷ѵǴ                  

      7.2  2 ;ԨóǡѺûԺѵͧ

                  721  ǻԺѵͧ5

                  722  ⹻ؾھ

      7.3  3 ý֡Ҹ

                  731  ѡԨóҷ㹡ý֡Ҹ

                  732  ѡԨҳͧ෡Ԥý֡Ҹ

                  733  úԡǹ

                  734  ǹҾط-

                  735  ѡǹغ˹ ͧ˹

                  736  ෡Ԥý֡Ҹѡâͧҳ

                  737  ෡ԤҸԵѡԹʵԻѯҹ

      7.4  4 ѡٵдѺѭ(鹧ҹԻʹҡҹ)

                  741  ;Ԩóҷ

                  742  觡ԳЬҹ

                  743  Ǹ

      7.5  5 ػý֡ѡٵԡ

8.    ѡٵäҤǡ лٻûͧʧ价?

      8.1  ûٻкԡҵ͹ 1

      8.2  ԡ

      8.3  Ҹԡ

      8.4  ѭԡ

9.   ûٻкԡҵ͹ 2  Ӷ - ӵͺ

10. ûٻкԡҵ͹ 3  Ӷ ӵͺ

11. ûٻкԡҵ͹ 4   Ӷ ӵͺ

12. ѧ ҷԴЪʧдѺҵ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 طӹ                                                                                                 ʶҹó͹աع 

ͧطӹ¹ ջҡҺվûԮ ѺѰ ˹ 鹵 ءڢ ͸Ժ ö ͡ԺҵҤ ҴѺشǪíҳ Ҩ ǧ 繡͹ҹ ҳ ..

բͤ͹Ӥѭѧ :-

" . Ժ нѹ繷͹蹨ѹᴧ ͧѹҤᾧ٧ʹ 仫͢¡Թš ҨѹᴧЪҹǹ Ǣ ѹ˹ҾʹҾط ״ ҡ ҧ繨Ǻ 繼ԹҴ ͡ҡ鹡Ы繼¢ʹҾط Ҿиŧش¢¡Թҧ 繵֡ҧ¡Թ ѧٵþԹ ŧЪ⫹Ǣ 蹵͹¢ٻطͧ ʧԹͧҹ դš⡸Ǣ ʹԴ٭蹷 ʧ繼¢ʹҡ Ѿѭ˹ҧҧ ѹ蹡˹ʹҢͧ 觫Կ鹢 㹻աعǧ Ǣѧ 駹Ǥ آ 觫¤ء 㼼ѧͤҧ繷ҧǧ Ծ鹨ҡǧ٧úһͿ ͹աع պح觫˹;иͻ ҡѹǹ ѧ§ ҧ "

[ҡ ….͹ͧطӹ óҹ Ѵ .. ҾШѹ . ˹ ]

˵ . Ѻ բ ֧ ͹աع (çѺ .. ) طӹ ҡ ѺѺͧ 觾оطʹ ҡҼѹ԰㴾֧ҡ ѡ ⪤е ѡԷѹ ͧ Ǿطѷ к仴˵мѹͺ

š                                                                                                                          24 .. 2525

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 ˹ѧ;

 

   ҨкԹԹԹкԹ............                      ͺʴͧ˹

ѹ ..............                           ҴҤ 

   ֧˭٧˧ҹ.....                    нҾ蹹֡

طش ............                          ֧觽觴Թ

   ֧ʹʹ´ش...                  ǡªѧѧ

Ѩ㹸óԹ ...............                          Ҩ鹡ѻŻطѹ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 ˹Һ͡ʶҹТͧ

ǧŢҹءҤШѧѴ˸ԡ

˹ѧ; (Թ๵) ¤Һ

WWW.NEWWORLDBELIEVE.COM

 

           ѵػʧ             :- ͡ùӤԴէ

                                    - ͤ׹ҡʹ :

                                    - FOR ALL GOOD, FOR ALL THOUGHT

        Ш͹              :- ..-..-..-.. 

        з֡           :- .ѹ Ѻ

        óҸԡ            :- оѺ ڭҸ

        ӹ¡䫷 :- оѺ ڭҸ

        Ѵ䫷       :- Ե ͻ÷ȸ

        ͧóҸԡ      :- ʧͧ ǧ 

                                      :- Ⱦ ا

                                      :- Ե - Ѫ ͻ÷ȸ

                                      :-  

       Ңͧ/        :- ŹԸԾ෾ع (ʹ ڭǪ)

                                 ѴҾط .آѹ .ͧ  

                                 .

                               ()


(ѭ :оѺ Ҹ Ţ 343-1-05880-9  Ҥáا  ѧѴ)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 óҸԡ

 



            ˹ѧ;(Թ๵):ǧŢҹءҤШѧѴ˸ԡ Ш͹áҤ-ԧҤ-ѹ¹-Ҥ Ѻ 繻շͧ˹ѧ;

           ҨкԹԹԹкԹ       ͺʴͧ˹



             ˹ѧ;թѺ طҹ¹شʹͧҹԨʹ
"ѡٵä" §ͧ й 㹺óҸԡéѺ ҡͧǡҡ͹Ѻ еͧط˹ҡдѺ ѡٵä" ն֧ 2 Ҥ ͹ҧ դԹҧ觷ʹ ѡٵä 繢ͧӹŷҹҹ §ͧǡҨ繡§ҧ ҧáҡͧ·ҹҹ Ш¤仨ҡ ੾ҧ觤ЪҸԻʧѺâͧͧ˹ѧͧ˵Դ .. Ҩ¡ͧǷҧҹ仾ٴ㹴˹ Ѻ ѧ͹ úǹǶ֧鹡 ҴѲšҡ ѧ͡繤¢ͧ˹ѧ;շ·ȹͧҧǶ֧˵ءóҡš ֧Ҵ ǹ ҡŨѡ ҡʹ о  

 

            ͧѰԡҡѧǧӤѭ 

            ͡駷ѹ 2 Ȩԡ¹ 2547 Ӥ㴨طʵͧš ͧ ѧࡵ (John Kerry) 觾äõ ѧó иҹҸԺբͧӹҨ պҷšҧҡؤ Ҿٴ֧ʶҹó ѹ͡ҧ ѹѺ͡繷ҧ繵᷹ä( bbc. 30 .. 2547)Ҵ§ҹԨ Plans to extend stem cell research 觴͹Ѵਹѡ Ҩ¶֧º õҧȴ«͹¤͹ҧӤѭ ѧ㨷ػ ʶҹó㹵ѹ͡ҧҧ Ҥèҧºŧҧ仴¤ѧҧ֡͹ѹ觵˵ؼŷè èеͧբöػ繹º ἹԺѵԷءҧ ФèԸա÷ШѴáѺѭ ѡ ¶֧ѭҤ蹤㹢ͧѰԡ ͻѭšԴ ͧ Թ ҴԹ ҧѴਹ ҷբͧҹ Ѻʴ֧ѧʶҹóҧ 繻繷ҤԴһЪҪ Ҵ ջѭ 觾лͧͧẺЪҪ˭ ѡЪҸԻ ͧҧ

͡ҡ ѧբѧࡵǡѺؤԡҾǹǢͧ պؤԡҾ͹ҧ֡Ѻ աš Ҿ͹ὧعçФҭ㹷Ҿ蹾֧ й ҧ¡á͡ҡŢͧš Ҩ֡ Ҩзʶҹóº鹡 ǡҹҨ龺Դѧѧ Ҩº·ԵһԺѵԵͼ͡ҡ ҧ索Ҵ觡 Ѻ ت з袳йա

㹢ǡѹ ͧѰ й Ѻ ت (George W. Bush) ѧСǵա˹ʶҹóѹ͡ҧ ҡҷѧشͧҵҹ ԧʹ͹ºҹ繵ǻѭҢͧѹ͡ҧСá͡ҡ ҤԴһЪҪԡѹͧҧ Һت Ѻ͡ ¤һЪҪԡѹ繴¡ѺººءҹͧиҹҸԺ Ѻ ت ҧ ʶҹó ѹ͡ҧعçա

㹢ǡѹ ˹ ҧʶҹó ¨任ҹ ҧਵ ਵҡ ѵ٢ͧԡ㹵ѹ͡ҧ ʶҹóա 㹢зչ蹴Թ˭ 觡٨ТҴйջй ҴѺ駪ԧͨչѹٻ˹Ҩչ蹴Թ˭ŧӹҨŧѵҵǵҡԹ ͹ѹա˹ ѧҡա͹ ФǤ ѹ¡͡ ʧԴ鹷ѹ 觨չ ʴҷҧ蹼Դ¹仨ҡ Ҩк͡Ѵਹ չӹ֧šͧչҧ չйͧͧشʹ˭ա˹š ѡɳТͧͺͺͧչա·»ѵʵ쨹ͧҡҴ˭

㹢ǡѹ ͧиҹҸԺ Ҵ ٵԹ ѧԹἹ عç͡હ ʹͧҦҵǹ óըѺǻСѹç¹жͧѹ˵ءó 1-4 ѹ¹ 2547 ˵ԴªԵ 322 Ⱦ ǹ˭繹ѡ¹Ф

ʶҹóش ʶҹóɰԨš ԧ躹Ҥҹѹ蹻ǹ价š ҤҾǢҧҨش ֧ѧࡵҧ ЪҪѰԡ ͡ؤҧ 仵 ѭҷ˭ͺҹҹ ǡҾ㹵Ǻت § š 5 յ仨ҡҧ  

          ѧջ˹ǡѺѰԡ 繤ʹ㹻 ѧࡵ ѧ˵ءó 11 ѹ¹ 2544 ҡաá͡Դ㹻Ѱԡ ֡ ҨѴͧ蹤㹢ͧȷҧ˭袹Ҵҧ ֧ʹʹҡâմǹҡ ͧǹá͡ҧѴդԧҽѵ٢ͧԡҤ¨ͧ͡蹧ҹʹ ҷҧҧա ¢ͧá͡ Ѻ˵عçʹ ѹԴҡǹ§ͧ ´·Ѻӻ֡ҢͧѰԡҷ Ѻʸ ҤԴ ֧йԹ ͧԡҴ ҷҧ 

          Ѻ˹ҺóҸԡô ҡʹ§ ͷҹҹԴͧ 仵Ѹ ô¹ŧ ҧԹ๵ͧwww.newworldbelieve.com 

                                                      

                                                   óҸԡ
                                                   2 .. 2547

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  ҴѲšҡ
¤кٴ




 


 ûЪҼ᷹ɮѭ繾

;ԨóҭѵԢԴԻ·ŧҧѰºؤ

ͧ11ʺշ19..254709.00.


          ѭѵ ÷Ѵҹ ˹ҾäЪҸԻѵ ӽ¤ҹԴ 8 Ѱ ѰŷѡԳ ҹԴǢͧ˹ҾäЪҸԻѵ ҹѰ 8 ҹ仹  

 

               1. ʹ ⾸ԡ .ȸ.                        

               2. Ѳ ͧآ . ҳԪ                      

               3. ..Ե §ط ͧ .                      

               4. ѹ Ѵ з ͧ .                        

               5. .. تҵ  ɰ .ҳԪ 

               6. Դ ҵվԷѡ .ѧ 

               7. ..þ  ׺ǧ . ෤ 

               8.   ֧ͧԨ .Ҥ

 

          ҷʶҹóҧԵѧҨеŧա ֧Ҩҧ㹡úûȵ ѭѧѴҤ ҹӽ¤ҹ ѹ Ѵ з Ҩͧõҧ   á ͧԻ .¤ҹҹ˹觾ٴҹ зҹٴӤǺ ѧӵ仹ҹ͡§ "Ѵ" (Ѱ) µ¤  ٴ   "Ի"  (Ի) µ¤ ٴ "ҹзҹ" (ҹиҹ) ¤ һ¤ ҧ "ЫǧҹԪùӢͧҹѰѲ ͧآ" (зǧҳԪùӢͧҹ ѰѲ ͧآ), "ûҺԹջԷҾ" (ûҺԹջԷҾ), "ǼЪҹºѰżԴҴҧ" (ǼЪҹºѰżԴҴҧ), "繢ͺͧبԵͧѷ٭кѺ" (繢ͺͧبԵͧѰ٭Ѻ), 觡 ªͽѰ лЪҪѧѴਹҷҹѰͧ (Ѱջѵʵ . ҹ˹ ͪҵԨչѭҵ ٴѴӷ詡èش "µ" 繷֡鹡ѹҡ)

 

ѹ 28 .. 2547 1230 .. . Ѱŷҹ˹ء鹾ᨧº¢ͧѰŷҹ "Ѱչºҧ繤Ǣͧš" ѧԹ "" ¶֧ ѰչºͧǢͧš ҹѧᨧաͧ աͧ˹觷ҹ繹º·Ӥѭ ºŧҹ㹵ҧ (çҹ㹵ҧ) ͻиҹ͹ ҹӷѧա ŧ (ҹ͡令仢ա? 㹪ҹ͡ 40 ͹ չҺ ͹仢١ ͧ "鹺Ǻ" ٴ令ͧ) شʹͧ˵ءóͷҹ . ԾԸ Թѵ 觻ЪҸԻѵ ͧǪ ҧѹԴ ѹ (“ҡ" ÷ӹͧ) ҵ ء觷ءҧҧ˹ ǡѧҺ ͵件֧͹Ǫ ѺشѡǾѹҴ ¤㨡Ƿ繧ǵѹçѹ ѹѺ Դѧ 蹤 ¡Ѱյͺ¡ͧ 硴շä ǹժͺ˹ҵ ҧͧ ͧͧ仿ͧ 硷شʹѴ Ң٭ѹ 繷ҢͧЪҪ ¡ ͧҹ (ͧ 3 ء 28 ..47, 07.20 .) ط طȹԹҡѺ û ʵ 繻繤ӶͼҪͺԷҹҡҡѹ ͺ硷 57.23 % Ǫ 25.99 % ͺͧ 6.45 % ͺ 10.74 %

 

¤ҹ»ЪҸԻѵҡѹзǧº¡ ҷ Թ͡仨ҡЪ 2 ѹ ѰžٴǶ֧ 2 ѹ ¤ҹѺط ͡仹 ͡Թ๵ ͧ价ǺѰ ѰŻѨغѹѰžͤ 觷ӡҧ "3 "Թѵ"Ŵ 9 ҹ" ѹդ֧ 120,000 仴Ǻ . ѰǵǷѹ Ǻͺҧ ػ ԻẺѺЪҪ ´͹ѹ ͧ º·ӻ繤Ǣͧš ͧŧҹ㹵ҧ෴ ҺѰ˹Ѱ¾ٴùҨ价ӡúҹ

 

 




 Ǵҿʺ DOGA
ͧ7,15..2547,  09.50.



˹ѧͧਵҧ͡¹ʹоҪǤҷԡ੾ Ҩк͡件֧ ʶҹóʵʹԡҧ д͹ աáʹ Ǥҷԡҧ ͧѹ з͹ҤؤͧʹҤʵ ԡ¤ҷԡ 繵ӹҹӻ Ͷ ͧ¢ͧʵʹ ٻ«ٶ١֧ҧࢹҾѧǪǷ ¤֡ ˵آͧ˴Ŵ ԡҹ ҹ仡ѺҾԴǧҧ纻Ǵͧ«仴 (繪Ѵ ҡ˹ѧͧ The Passion of the Christ «Ҽçس) Ҿ¹֧ͧʹѭѡɳ᷹ ԧ¹ ٻ鹾«٢ 繡ѹͧ Ե ǵͼ ǧѴ͸ԡءѹ ҡѰ Ѱԡ ͧͧҾ¹ͧ ҡջѭҤѴ Ѵҧ仵 ѹ 駹˵ؼ ͧٴѹǡѺѴͧ ͧҴǧ͡ Ҵǧͺ价ӺѴպѴԧǷء˹ء Ҵǧ١ ҧٻͺૡѺ硪 14 ˹ҺҴǧ дѺФԹ¡١Ѵա "ҡäԵ" ҧ仾 "١١ǺҴǧ" ͢ͺԨҤҧ ͡ѹҧ Ѵ Ҵǧ֧մѡٻ ժԵѺѺ Դǡǡѹ Ҿ¹ͧ з͹ҢͧЪҪѴҷԡ Ǵҡ ǡѹ ֧¹ǴҵŧҨҡä 2 Ѵ աûЪкҴǧ 仪˹ҴҾǡҴǧҹ »С ҧ 蹷 һ׹ǴԧҴҾǡҴǧ դ˹ ռط觡ҾǡҴǧ ͹֧ 觡áѺҴǧաٻ˹ʶҹó ҷ Ҩ֧ͧ դӵͺ ҧķ¡ѹ ͡ѹʶ Ƕѹš ͧǴҦҺҴǧѴ з觾ФԹ ١Ѻ¹ŧҨҡʶ ФԹ Ӿ֧ ԧ鹾«١繤 ١ҡǡ繺صþ ҵ § 12 Ǻ ֧ͧçӤѭͧԴ Ѻз˭Թҡ ЪԵȨҡʵ ʾ ͹ʵͧѵԹ仢ͧ« ͧ٭ʵѭҧ çѺ§ҧ駺ҧҹ (¨ҧؤҷçԡŨԵͶ١ԧ) йҨǹš § 5 ҷ šᵡͧ㹾Ф Ǵͧ˹觺ԹäѺ աͧ˹觷Ϳѧҡջա͡͡ §ҷҡäѧ šᵡš 
šŧ 

 



 ֧١֧
ͧ 9 ʺ 15 .. 2547 23.00 .

 

¡ö֧١֧ѹ ԭ -˭ԧҪվ˹ҡѹ 7 ˭ԧ 6 1 йҤҪվ¡ ૡá þٴ֧ Ф㨡ѹ ŹҨеçѺ çҹૡ çҹૡԴʴ㹺ٷͧͧҧէҹʹš 觻Ҿ ͹ áҤ 2547 ǡԴҸԵԸաẺͧѹʹ ҸԵèٺ ѹҧ ҧè֧лʹ¨ҡʹ Դʴѹҧ֡¤öҴշҧѺ١ѧԾҡԨóҧ˹ѡҷѲѹէͧҵ ¡駻 繡ʴ§µҢͧ µ駤Ӷ ҸԵ麹Ƿʹš س繴 ;ǡ͡¡ѹ 觷Թҡ ֧ʹ ǡҧҨѴ ҧѹ Ҥ蹹ҡҳ ǡͺѴ件ǧ Һ͡Ҥ駹ǡҵҧӧҹѹҧ˹ѡҧ ˹¡˹ ѺѺӪ ҡʴͧǡѺõ˹繡ʴ͹Ҩ ҧ觢ͤ "Դ֧Ե㨤ºҧ ԧ ҧ¿ҴԹ" 

 

Ңͧ¡öç ӵͺç蹡ѹ ˵ط Ҫվͧ蹹 ૡ Ҫվͧ ԧ¡ҡ١ʴ ҹ Ѻ ͧԴ㹪Եԧͧ ҷӨԧ (ӡԨૡͧ-) 觡ҹա ͧѺѹѹͧͧš ٴ˹ҵҡâૡ繵ͧ  ҼԴ ͺҼԴзǧҸóآ͹ СзǧҸóآ繴¡Ѻ ʴͧǡ ͧҧҤ ҧͧҧ ҧѭѧ ʹԡ¤ ú.äһdz

 

óջѭҷҺǡѺŸ ¸蹹 ˵Ҩҡôù§վͧ¹ͧ ǡҵҧҡԹѹẺ բͨӡѴҪվҡǡѺҪվ ŧعͤ㹡óҧ ᾧԹ ᾧҡ ŧع¡ҤسҷҧѲͧҵš ͤҧҧ੾Ф੾С 㹡æѵ Ѻ çѵ Ѻ Ҥǡͧä͹ ͹١ ҹʹšдѺš蹹 觨繷ѰŨк觺͡ѡ ѲѴਹҧ ʹǹʹ ѲѲ 觴٨ʹͧѺҷբͧҾ¹ ѡ ҹѺҧ ͪ Ѵ һҡǾҧࢹ ¤ 繡ʴҷ Ҥ͹ͧ¸ѡʹҤʵ͹·ҧ ¤͹ʹ Ҥͧҡѭʹ ͧͧ价ѲҴ óçá ùӷɮ 繵ͧͧҹͧѲ ͵ͧԴš ѵع ع ѧ ͻª㹡èѴҪվ÷ҡԹҡ͡Ƕ֧鹰ҹö֡лʺó ҡѺ¤ԴͧԺǢͧ ¤ԴҵͧѺѲҧúҧ աԨ֡ 䢻ѭҧ ѡ ѡôҹǨҡ֡Ҵҹѭ ҧá仹繢ʹТͧǡѺͧ繷ӹͧǡѹ

 

1.       Ѳõʵ ͧ֡ͧ͹ ͹ͧૡ ͧѧẺ¹Ԫҡ͹Ԫ ·ա¹͹ ѡɳº 觢ҨԧҨѧ§ ͡ʡԴѹ þٴ ֧ٴẺ֡йͧ͹⤶֡ (繤سժ Ƿ .. ҹٴǷʹš ѹش 16 .. 2547 Ǵٷҹ֡ҡ 觡⤶֡ա ҹٴС ʴҷҹѲ  ҤõͧѴѧ þٴͧ Сʴҷյͧҧ Ѳҧ Ѳǹ㹡óçͧʹ óçͧاҧ͹ҧ Ң ʹҤþٴҧ觢 餹ѧ֡繡êç͡ Ҿٴҧ֡ʹء Ҿͧૡͧʹء Դ֡㹵鹡 ҧ ѧͧѲ㹡ÿѧһ ѧҧͧ դ֡ (з 20 Դʹҡ ԡҾٴ͹ԴЪҤ ͧͧ ѧ§㹷Ъ ͧʹء ᷹ͧҹҡǹѧԧ оĵԡ蹹зͧѲ ͧѺ ÿѧҧԪҡõҧѡԪҡä˹) þٴԴ·ҧҸó蹹 еͧ Ż 餹ѧء ء Դ֡ѹ ͧԧ ͧþٴҧʹءйͧҡ ͷǷش þٴͻء ѧþٴ¤֡ҷҹѧٴѺǡ С繡ҧҧ Ҩ֧ҴعҧѺա (ѧࡵ袳й óբͧҿԡ ŧعóçͧاҧ͹͹ѹ ѺҴعѺŧ仵ӴѺ ʶԵʹ ҡѡҹ㹡ûЪʹ駹ͧ й餹ҿԡԹ3 о13鹵Դͪ ҿԡ颳йջЪҡ 53 ҹҡѺԴ 17.6 ҹ)     յҧҤԴҾٴ ѲẺʹҹ Irene Kahn ҡѧٴ(ٴѧ)ͨҡҹزҪԡ سժ Ƿ ѹ 16 .. 2547 ͧ ·ҷẺἹ þٴ ᵡҧѹҡ դ֡йͧ㹤Ӿٴ˹ǵҢͧ ٴҧҴ繹ѡԪҡշҷջ㹵Ǣǡѹ ҡþٴͧ;褹ͧҧҧ֡ ѹ¸ûԺѵԧҹʹеͧ §ʹ¤ҹ ѡբͧ  (Dignity of Human right) ͡þԷѡ Էª ش (ҺҾǡૡ ѧ Ф¹繤¶֧¸ѹ٧觢ͧªҵ·) ¤֧Ѳ觵ͧ٧觴   Ҥè֡͡ҧҡ֡ͧʹͧاҧҧ 蹤 Ժ ҧ ͧ֡һСͺúǹ õҧ ѡ ͧ ͧʹء Ҵ֡ἹҹԸաԧ 仡礧͹ҿԡ ѧ դͧѡբͧ зӵ鵡ŧ 繡з͹¾Ѳͧ¸ҧȢͧªԭؤ աẺ˹ ԧ¹Ẻšѹҧͧ ѡʹءʹҹҧ ҢҴ¸ ͢ҴԹ ѡբͧ Ңͧúǹ ǹҹлǹ ѹǨ¸ѲǺѹ ؤŷͧա˹㹧ҹʹšҾ Ԫ Ҿ¹ 觡觷Һ͹ѹҷҹ繪Ǿط觤Ѵ˹ 駡ͧعʹ鹷Թ ѧࡵ èդԴͪЪ ӡԨʹšҡҹ Ҥʹҿѧҡҹʹ Ѻêç繾ǡ͡ çѭա

 

 


     
2. ѲоĵԵҾº ҾҾʵ ҨҤӾٴͧѺҺŹ ѧҾ繼 ͧ͹ǪѴѧӾٴҺŹ;ٴ֧ͧ֡ҷҧ Фԡ ѡ ͧ١ѹ¤ ˹ҵᴧ ǹ ͫҹ ʡԴѹ蹫¸١ͧ㹡¹֡ ͹µͧѧࡵ ͧѴҡôѧ 繡 ҧ˹觴 ҡѺѧѺ֡ͧ֡ ͧҧ ը¸ Ѳҧ 㹢ǡѹ ѴਹԧԪҡ ҧ觢ԧѧǨͺ٨繤͹˵ؼ ͹ѧ㹼ͧʹͷɮշԴҴ ͧդѺԴͺ㹤͹ͧҧ٧ Ѳ ͧ з觻ԺѵԷҧ ҧҾº Ҿº¡ѡ÷ ͧ繡Ŵ͹¢ͧþѺͫ觡ѹСѹҧ Ҿѹҧ ѡɳСâ ׹ Ź ;ҧԴШ Ҿ Ҿʵ  (ô֡ѧࡵԶѲૡͧѵ˭ԧ繵ҧ) 

 


     3. Ѳ觡 ͧº ١ ѺͧԷ㹡觡¢ͧԷ㹡觡¢ͧͧ С 觡 ᵡҧ 仧ҹ ᵡҧ仨ҡ仧ҹ蹧ҹȾ 仧ҹ ͷӡԨӹ Ҿǡͧâͧѹ仵ǡ 蹷áͧẺ աẺ дѺ ᵡҧѹ ժ٧Ẻ٧ ٧ Թҡ   ѡ¹ѡ֡ҡẺѡ¹ѡ֡ ҡԷѺԷԢͧ ִ蹶 蹹繵 ѧ´ դآ¡ѹء ÷˹ҷФ ҡ㴤Դ ҧ ¡ѹҧºͧѧ͡һСͻԺѵҧ ¤ҡ¨еͧѺ ¹ѹѧҧ 繡õŧѹǡ¡ͧ繡

 


     4. դѵ դѺԴͺ դҧʹԷ öѺ͹ ҧդآ Сդѵ ФѺԴͺ դ֧繼շءС Ͷ㨨ҡء Ҽ黡ͧ Ҩ 餹ѧդԵҴǧ㹷ҧ Ѳ鹰ҹͧ㹻ҹѧҡ ººѺȵѹ ѧ Ҫ-˭ԧͧȹ ҧդ㨡ѹҧҧʹԷ ö˹˹¡ѹͧͧҧʹԷ ʵ㹻ȵѹѺ㨨ҡҧ ҵͧҧ 

 


     5. Ф ˭ԧͧѧ ͧӹ֧ͧ ͧ蹴 ҹѲͧǪ¹ лоĵԵ ѲԶժԵͧؤ ͧѺš šѵع ؤ Ш֧Դºѧ繡èѴºѧ ¤ ʾ͹˹ͧѲҹͧѺ    ͧѲõʵի ѡТҴҡ ѡ׺ѹäҧҧԴ ؤعҧعἹ ˹ о 繵 (Ҵ¡ ¡ ҴҶ ҶҡҴԹ ᷹оѡ㨢ͧʵѡ¸ͧ㹪ҵ) աõʵ٧ աâ׹ м¨繽 ҧҾ Ҽ˭ԧоԹͧ 觼˭ԧԷ㹡÷еǨͺʹ ͵ ͹觤ʹ¢ нª¡ͧҷ ٧ þԷԢͧ˭ԧ ¡ҧѲŴŧ µͧ褹 Ѻ¡ͧͧ蹴 ¶֧ʹ ѧͧʹ աǺѴѧ ͧ (ҧ索Ҵ繨Եӹ֡ͧѧ) ¸ҧ蹹-Ǫ ͧʹ е駷ͧ¢Ҵ ѺԴͺ Ŵ¶ŧ ѧԴ Ѳѹѹ·ѹš ѹʹ



 

 


 ǧ : ٨
ͧ 7 ѧ 3 .. 2547 23.00 . 


          ¡ùѴաþ٨ͧԭҳ ¾Ѥ¤ Ţ 仹㹺dzȾ㹻Ҫҷҧ¹˹ 觡ѹ§ǧ ش¹鹨ҧѺ ҧ״ 觷Դ ǧ˹觡ռҤ鹤 ҡҡõ蹾Ѻ ҧ ͹ʵԺҧ ҧ ǼԹ¡á件 ҡѹͺռ ҵҧҧ 鹤Ҥ 仡 ͧ͡͡ ǵҧҴǢء     þ٨ ١ѡ Ҥ ǹǼ仾٨ èҹѡԷʵ仾٨֧ж١ͧ ҤҴҢǾǡ仾٨ТҴ繡ҧ ԴͤФ Ҥ Դá šԨ¡ͤԵ ҨͶ 觷Դ鹵 դ˹ԴԻԵ ͧ 繵繵 繹繹 ռҷѺԧ ԴǢ Դҡâš ͹ ѹ ¼ŷҧԵԷҹͧ ռԧ ҡҹ 㹷ش駡 Ҩ繼 Ͷ١ԧѹ ͧͧͧһª աþ٨ ͧͧͧš ѹ ͹ͧջͺ㹪ͧ ͤԴǢ ͢ռջͺ ҹ͡աö١ջͺҤ鹤 ͧͧػҷҹ͹ͧ͡ҹ ռըԧ Ǥ źԴѧѺҴҹ ·ջͺ ԧԸա䢻ѭҼջͺ ¹Դ §ѷҹͧ Դѧ ¡ѹѴ͡ҹͧ ԸջԺѵԤ դӾٴ ź դ ǡз׺Թ ᷹ ҹջͺҧ ҧ ҿԡѧǡǼͧ Ƿشͼշ ջ ͡ ͽ ͡仨ͺš ѾѺ任Ƚ觨ӹҨҶ֧ءѹ仵 ѹ ѧشش ¾ úле٭ ֧֡ áǼշա Э ֧ԭ Ƿѹǡ ǹ ؤԷʵ ºҧǡѧ㹶 Ǽն Ҵ躹ҹͧ Ǽպҹ ѧ դ㹶ҹ ҹҡѺ¡ͧ 繼 Ǩͧ仨նӨǨ Ѻ¡ͧ繼 ĵԡ觡ҼẺ褹 ǡ鹹Ѻա ԶԷʵ 褹ѧ㨹 ֧ªҡԷʵ ªԧҡʹҾط赹Ѻ 

 

 

 



 ͧشѻ 
ͧ 9 ء 10 .. 2547 22 .00 .


          ê شѡ Ժ¡ѭҩè ͺѻҹ ͧѴԴҹͧʹ ͧ     ҡͧ㹵ҧ Ѻ ͧ иҹҸԺ Ѻ ت 㹡ûЪ˭ͧäվѺԡѹ ͧṹ Ѻ觨ҡäõ ¨ 觾 Шŧͧ㹻 ó ͡ط ѭѹص ѺѺ͹  ͧá ʹ ͧ ػ Ѻ ت ӵʴ зʧʴͺͧѺҹ 觼ѧ ֡ҩèԹԧ (ʵ-, ԡѹѵع-еç) 繻繷ҨѺͧҧ ҡ ت Ѻ͡繻иҹҸԺա· 2 ͧ һ繹Ҩ ت кء ҹ йԡҴ٨繼ͧѧʹѺʹعظط⸻óҧ š ѰԡҾѴҧ 价Ңͧظ ʹ 仨ҡطѡ ҡ §öѲú §١ èԴ鹵 šš ? ˵ؼŷҵԴҧ йҨѧ͡ԡ ت ʴЪҪԡѹ繷ҷ蹹͹͡ ҡЪҪ͡ ت ¶֧͡º´ ֧ҵԴҧ ͧس͡ط ѭѹص ѡͧ¡ù ӴѺҵ 繸áԨعԹ ͡طҧ سʹ ٨·Ӣ֡ҡ͹ͧµç ç仵çҹ͡ط繤⡧ЪҪ ˹դѰԡ ؤ֧Ѻ ʹ ѰŨѴáѺبԵ ֧ʹͧк⪺¢ͧǧ
ҧǧç "ҷبԵԴǢѹ" ͡طҢ ¡ùѰ֧ͧҡ 蹧ҹ ѧҧ Ҫdz稾йҧ кҪԹչҶ "Ѻ 褴⡧Ѻ" ¡Ѱյͧ ͧ͡ҡáҴ" ͹¡Ѱ е(سʹ)繡ҳԵâͧҹ ҡ 㹵˹仹ҹ  

 

 



  ѡǪԡŨԵչçԧ
ͧ 7 ظ 15 .. 2547 07.15 .


          ѵǧʡ ѺԷ õԡá §ҹ ͧԴ㹵ҧ ժ¤˹觻չǡçԧ ժҧҾѤ蹶Ҿ Ҿչ ٧ǹ繻駧仴ҹ §㹿 Ըա÷ͧ繪»Ҵ§§չ ֧ʹ
չŧ仴ҹ㹢ͧçԧ ׹ҧç й繤 2-3 ѧ ѧ˹ 仺͡˹ҷǹѵպҪ Ҿԧ˭չӵŵ˹׹ͧ ¤ŧ׹鹴Թ ˹ѧ˹͡ҹ ҷ͹ѡǪʵҹФ ¡繾Ф پФ˹ Ǵ㹾Ф ѧԹ¾ͧâ㴢ͧ͡ Ҿԧ 3 ǵš˹ա˹ Ҿŧ سҵ سԷӵͺ ˹ҷҪ͡ѹҡ͹ԧ⵨Ң Ҥ ѡǪԡŨԵ ӵͺҨ Ҩ 繾ǡ㹾ФҡԹ ¡Ҿǡ ԡŨԵẺ (megalomania)

 



 óͺҼԾҡһѵҹ
÷ȹءͧ§ҹ ҡ͹ 08.25 17 .. 2547 


        
þԹ ͹ ԡɡŨѧѴѵҹ 37 ١ԧТѺöѺ ҧǧ ͹ 繼Ծҡ͹ѹ ¡ᴧ ç . .кѧ ࢵȺ ͧѵҹ ªԵçҺ դ 3 ѡҹ¹ 2 ѹ ѹá͹ 2 աѹҤ ҨʹСöоԹ еԴᴧ ׹ .38 Ѻ 9 . ˹ԧԾҡҷءШҨع¾Ѻö˹ըѡ觪Ѻö¹աѹ˹ · 3 ١ҹǨѺ §ҹ§ 1 Ѻ Ъ 繹ѡ¹ç¹֡Է 5 . .ͧ . ѵҹ 

 

        ûԺѵԡâͧѧѴҤ 㹹 觷ͤʧ誹 ӴѺ ǹ˭觶ͨ¸طʹ 㨤 ǡҹ֧͡ҧԹѧҪԵ ¢Ҵӹ֡觤ѭٵ蹴Թ ҴԵ 繭ҵԾͧҾѹ¡ѹԧ Ф·١ҪԵ仹ǹ繼ط 繪¼ط ТѴ¸ʹҡ Сæ Ҵ˵ 繺һ ʹԡ ʹҵҧ 蹤ʵʹ դ繵çѹѺʹҾط ֧ǡԶշҧʹҡ ͡繡á͡价š աæ 㹢й͹ҾǡդԴ ֡ҡЦáѹ ¢ҴѡҴ ͵ѻ(Фçǵͺһ) ԧ зѧ¨ҧ觡ͷҷշͧѧͧǡعçҹ ѧ 蹦Ҽط蹹 ѹ˹ššʹ и͸ ѡš  ǡҧ˵ҵǨ㹾鹷繵˵ؼ觤ʧ Ѵ ö٨ªѴਹ §ҧ͡æ ¾Ūԧ оǡҡ蹦ҤդطµʹҨѴ ԺԺҹ зҡǦá繵ͧҧ˵ؼ¡ ҹǹ繼ط ÷¨Ե㨢ͧ ¡ç¹ͧ ǫ 繾ĵԡõ͵ҹҹ֡ҢͧҵԢͧѧͧǪ¡ͧͷ 繡áзӢͧ դ աóզҼԾҡ ʶҺѹѡҧ繸 صԸͧѧ ͹㹨Ե㨢ͧ·駪ҵ Ҷ֧ش͹¤ʹ 觷çԴ鹡 §ҹʹ͢ǢͧŪ ѡɳлء ͨش ¡ ԴԴ ѧس ͧЪҪ 駪ҵ ء͢ Ҫ Ҩҡ㹷ҧ֧ʧ жһЪҪԴء͢ èԴ ͹ҡ¶١ѧ ١ ١´١ѧ¨ Ź зشͧ餹ǹ˭ءͺǹ¡ʧЪҪ Ẻͨ 觨ʹͧԶշҧ䢻ѭѹԸ й觷ѧҧҡ й ͧ·駻 §ͧŪ С˵ؼŢͧá͡ ШҨѧѴҤ ҧ·駻ȡѺ ١ кѴ ֧ҷҵá÷ҧ¨ѡԷó Ǥ µͧ繡 мзӤԴͧѺŧ ҧºѹ Сͧ 繡ͧѹҾСþѲҤ (þѲá͡)

 

 

 

 ѹ֡šWORLD MEMORY
ͧ 9 18 .. 2547 13.05 . 


          ҡ ҹ
ä·ȹ Ѵ Vision 2020 Ҥ öͧʹյ о Ѵ 繼Ӣͧ зѧ繼Ӣͧʹ˹觴 ҡҷͧҷ᷹͡բͧѰԡ ѧлȵѹ 詡è ǹ繾ǡعç 繵˵آͧʧš ੾㹵ѹ͡ҧ ѰšԹ š繾ǡعç ͡ҷҪ繼͡ ͡ ͡ ҧ᷹ еͧгء 繼͡ ͼ͡š ҧ᷹š᷺ء繻ѭҷԴ лͧѹҡö١蹴Źµʹ ҨҤ͹ҧ͹͡óѤ ͧѤ ջ㴻˹觷ӵ繵Ǩš 觻ҡҶ١㨻ЪҪҵѺҧ   äͧ ͹оҾ繹ѡФ繼Ӣͧ Ѵ ѹ ѹš ҨöӻȪҵ价ѹšؤ֧..2020  ҧá ó Ժ Ѻз͹ ѧԴ᤺ͧͧ ѧԴẺ ͤԴẺ༴稡 趹Ѵ㹡úẺǺӹҨ ѧͧ Դ繾äͧ 2 ¢ Ȫҵ Թҧ Ҩ֧׹ѹäͧҧ˹ 蹡 з͹Իѭǹ֡駢ͧѧѹ ѧ㨻ЪҸԻ´վ ͧ й蹤ǤԴҡŢͧѰ¢й ǡѺš ѧ㨻ЪҸԻ ѷ෡ԡͧͧ͢кͺЪҸԻ ҨҧԭȪҵѧҧ 㹪ǧ 觷 Ҩѧ仡ͺ༴稡ҧ ͧͧ Ժ ա˹ Ҷ֧ؤ ҧ¨кҧ˹ԸաâͧкͺЪҸԻ ԩй ͧͧ Ҩعç ෡ԡͧЪҸԻ ѧҨҤԴعç͡仨ҡ·ȹ лЪҸԻ·ԧлͧѹͧͧš عçش 

          Сͧؤ 㴡͹䢡úû µͧ㹡ͺͧЪҸԻ ӻ͡͡͡ҧС繼çѧ  Ժ 鹢͡ оĵ͹Ҩ Ѻǡѹ Ůա¡ͧ͵͹ѹ¹ 2547 Ң͡˹ѡ Ҵѡҹͨ׹ѹŧ Ѻûµ ١ лЪҪ ǻ¤Ӥѭ кǹصԸйդ繡ҧ 仵ͧؤ Ѵ Ҩ֧١ŧصԸ §ҹ ʴҾŪʹѺʹعѧѺ պԹҧѹ ѡҵ ҡ纻Ǵд١ ѹѧ Ҷ֧Ӥ ҹ ͡ Ҷ١ҧͧǡ͹ҤءӢѧ ѺҴҵ ʹԹդ 繨ӹǹѺ ʴѧջЪҪӹǹҷ㹵 Ҿͧ ѧҴҨͧǷҨѲعç 觻繹 դʹ㨹ͧҧ ѺѲ 繻ա˹ վ鹰ҹ繾طʹյǹҹѨغѹժǾطչ ૹ Ѳ ¤Ѳ鹡Ѻ繢 繢 ҡբ Ѳ ѡТǹºعçش ѧѨԴ Ѱԡ û ԴͧͧǢ㹻Ѱѹ͡ҧ ٹͧѲ Ѱԡѡҧ ˵ؼѡ ͻЪҸԻ¢ͧЪҪؤ  觨ش͹ Ѵ Ѵѧҧ ҡշҧ͡ й зӹҨ Ҩ֧Ժѵ价ҧǤ;ӨѴؤŷе駵繢Ƿ 2 ŧҧ索Ҵ й鹨֧š 㹢з ѧӹҨ Ժ ֧¢ͧ÷ж١ӨѴ͡ § 㹢ǡѹ¡ Ѱԡҡ ȵҧ š кҹҧͧԴ 蹤͡ ͧͧ觷繻ªЪҪ ɮԶշҧЪҸԻ ˵ط ЪҸԻѺ繨ش͹ͧ¹ ͧҨҡ Ѳйջй ͧ ͧǡ ҴѲйջйѧ оǡԹشش觢ͧѵ١ѹҧعç鹷ѹ 㹢зҴѲûйջй ѹҾ ੾Сûйջй˵ؼŷҧԪҡ ѺѹԪҡؤ ѧѲԯҹШѴͷǾط¡ ѵҨѴ ͹÷ ;ǡҧº Ѵ عç㹷ҧҪнµç 駹Ҩҡѭѵ㹾Ҥšҹ ͧ÷繺ԴѲ觷ԯҹѹçش蹹 ͧ÷ "ѧ鹾ǡҷŹʧ ¡ͧ͹ ¡ûйջйѺǡäس зúѺǡҡѧԹ駷ǡ˹͡Ҿǡ ѧ鹨ӵͧء¨ª㹷ش" (Ҥ˹2309)
          й ؤͧ 繤ѹ úͧ ҡѧ١ͺѺ͹ѹͧ (ѧҹФšҹػ) ֧ͧ繷ҧ䢨ش͹ҧͧẺͧ շҧǡ;Ѵ ͧǢ ҧҾѴ Ժ ͧ    觺Ѵ Ҿͧ件֧Ҵ ҧѧ¨ ͡ ԺѹѺѡ ͵͡ դԴԷҧվĵԡѡ кѴ ѹԴҡ繸駹 Դ ͧ բǷ 2 عç觢 ҡҴѲûйջйҧԪҡ ѺûйջйҧԪҡ ẺЪҸԻ 㹢 ǡѹ
źҧҹ ѡʹ ͹蹴Ź µç աǤ˹ (äͧա˹) ҿ ͹ عҿԡ   ͧç繨ԧ ᵡҧѹ 褹ҨᵡҧԹ Ҵ繤 ֧鹨лй ҿ ͹ ¡ ͧ㴽˹觴¡ҽ˹ա˹Ƿŧ任дبѧкʹ ؤա  ֧ѺѧԴ繢ͧѹСѹ ҹѹ ҷçԧٻ ѹ ѡ㹡ûйջй 蹤ѡԪҡ 䢨ش͹ ҡ蹹 Сͧǡ Դ еҧҪҧ索Ҵ շԯнµҧ عҿԡ ȢͧѹСѹ դ 骹 Դ ŧ´¤عç ԶշҧѲͧͧ Ҥ ੾ ԧо ʹ͹仴 繡þҡó ͧҧ ֧ͧԴ仴ҧԴ.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 ѡٵä
  оѺ ڭҸ
ʧͧԷ¾оطʹš

 

 

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                                  17 ѹ¹ 2547

ԭ ҹ .ѹ Ѻ 
ͧ͸ԡú Է¾оطʹš 
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          ҹ . ˹ѧԷ¾оطʹš . / ŧѹ ԧҤ ͧ ͤӻ֡й ͻСͺç⾸ Է¾оطʹ
š ¢ҵҾԨó ѵػʧ ôԹ ҹСûԺѵ á˹ Ҷ֧ ͧ⾸ ͹ Сͺ˹سѵԷ駴ҹѵûԺѵ Ԫҡ дѺԸ(ԪҨó ѹ) ͧ⾸ ó觢鹵 ҧç١ͧó ӹѡ͸ԡú Է¾оطʹšҺѹ ѹ¹
          ҵҾԨó ͧդ 繤ʹ繺繵͹ ѧ仹

 

 

 

 



   
;Ԩóҷ



 1. ¢ͧç⾸

         
1.1 С÷ 1 ç⾸ç÷դӤѭ ҡ 繤ѡٵҧúҧ 㹢й ͧѡٵá͹ ͺСûԺѵ㹴ҹԻʹҡҹ ѧѡɳзѴਹ 㹷ҧԺѵ ǹҡ繡͹仵Ẻླ աԨ¾٨ԧ Էʵ(ԧٻ) ١ͧŴ § ÷ԴŢ鹹 Фѧԭ ͤö੾е ෡Ԥ㹡ý֡ͺ ҡ ʴšԨ͡ 蹤 ѧǤԴ㹡Ԩѡٵä͡ҧԧ ѧ
          ҧá ç⾸ Ҩл繤˭ դ çѴẺ繡÷ͧԷʵ ͺ֡͹çùͧͧҴ˭ҧûԺѵԸӤѭ ҨöŢͧõҧ Ǣͧ еçù Ӥѭͧѡٵ лСͺ кǹ 觡÷ҹԻʹҡҹẺءĵ з駺ؤŷѺäѴ͡ç⾸ еͧؤżشóҷͧվ鹰ҹҡ ҧءĵ µͼͧ٧ѹ԰ä Ծҹ ¡طԵ駪Եطš й⾸Ңͧ çù 
       * ⾸ ¶֧ؤż黯Ժѵ繨ԧ觹ªҵ
鹷ء оطʷ
"ѷҧҨҡ: 4 ʴҺѹ ʡзҤ ͹Ҥ оѹ 㹾 Թ¹ҹ " طѷ ԺѵԴն١ͧä 8 šҧҡѹ" 

          鹺͡件֧·Ӥѭ觢ͧçù й蹡ͨ繡ý֡ҧءĵ 㹷ءҹ駷ҧ¡ШԵ ؼŢͧç кؤż ç ѺäѴ͡ ҧҨؤżվ鹰ҹ֡٧ҨеͧöԹý֡仵ѡٵҧءĵԧ 蹤 Һ٪ ѨͧͧطԴ ФسѵԹ͹ͧ鹢ͧä觾оطʹ ٨ʹյŵؤطͧ ҺѨغѹ 
          й ѡٵûʺ Ҩеͧ㨨ԧ кǹ ÷ҹԻʹҡҹ ͧ繡ý֡Ẻءĵ ֧дѺ طȪԵ駪Ե͡ý֡ Ш ͧѤ÷դسѵ§ͷطȵѹشó٧شͧоطʹҷء  ء ٻ


         
ҧá ý֡ҧءĵ Թѡٵҧءĵ Ҩռ 㹡óշѡٵ ҧ١ҧäŹԾҹ ҽ֡价ҧ Ҵ¤֧óԸաý֡ Ш繡٭ҢͧԵطý֡ͺ ռŷҧäŹԾҹԴ ҡػҡ͹źصطȪԵǪ㹺þطʹ աý֡ҧҹԻʹҭҳ Ǫ»ա§繤 ˹ҹ 蹹 ¡ Ե٭价駪Ե ˵ط֧ó㹤¢ͧúǪ 
          աС˹ յҧͧý֡ҧءĵ ҡ ؤ ¡ҧ 蹡óʶҹó ҧٻԹҧ㹻˭оĵԸҧءĵ §äж֧Ե˵ع鹡ҡ 蹾ԡԹҧ㹻лԺѵԸ óҾ 繵 㹡ûԺѵẺءĵ ͧؤ 繵ͧ§Ѻ觷»˵蹹ա 繡ءĵ㹷ȷҧԺѵԷԨó繷ɮշ˵ؼ 繤س繻ªҧǡ 
          աС˹ ûоĵҧءĵ Ҩѹ ª ҡ
ûоĵءĵԹ Դ´˵ع֧ѡ ԺѵԸѭҧآҾ 駡ШԵ ٭ ؤԡҾз觡äҷ仡ҡ ˵طоĵءĵҧ㹷 ֧ͧӤ Ҩлоĵءĵ件 
Դ ´ Ѻʹ ԡŨԵ ֧ͧաѺ仡Ѻü͹ кþѡ͹ ѹµԶշҧä
ѹѡ÷ӤѭӤѭ ͧӹ֧ ͧ й 㹡ҧѡٵ ֧ͧԴ͡ ͪǧҷ͹ ͧ Ǥ͵ͧԴ͡ü͹ ͺآá价ػ¼ҡ 觷ѡٵäҧ кҵ Դý֡ҧءĵաü͹Ѻ ҧ ҵ лʺ㹡á˹ҵ 鹷ҧͧҧآҾ Ե仴

           1.2 С÷ 2 ú·ҧäŹԾҹ ͧûоĵԵ ҧءĵä еͧӹ֧ ѡٵáý֡ͺ ͧ Сͺ ԶժԵШѹ١ͧ ԶժԵШѹ 㹰ҹ ˹ ੾мç⾸ҹ еͧ ӹ֧ ҧԶժԵ ôçվ ÷Ӻҷͧѧ Ѳǹؤ еͧ觷շ١ͧ繸 ҧءĵ ÷еͧӹ֧ͧҺ 4 ÷ Ҩ 㨡 µз 6 ͧҧ ١ ûСͺҪվ §ԵͧФͺ ѧ Ȫҵ Եͺǡ ǹդӤѭ͡úä Ѻѡٵá ԺѵԸҹµç 
          й ҧäŨеͧӹ֧ ԶշҧԺѵԸ㹪ԵШѹ ШеͧԺѵ ԵШѹ١ͧҧءĵ ʧԨѵ ͡Ԩͧʧ ԺѵԶժԵͧʧ ҧ㹪ԵШѹ֧觷١ͧʹͧԶշҧä Ծҹ ʡеͧԨͧ ͹ѹ Ե ҧ СͺҪվ͡Ԩѧҧ ֧ʹͧԶշҧäŹԾҹ ҡӹ֧ǹ դӤѭ ѹ ѺûԺѵѡٵ лСͺѹվѧç鹨öǡ˹觷
          ǤԴ ôԹç⾸ ֧աǧ͹˹ ѧҡç ҨС˹ҧ੾кؤ ҧ 1-5 з 5-10 ҨеʹԵ 㹪ǧ
⾸Եͧ֡͡ͺ ͧͧç 仾٨쵹ͧ ԶժԵҧ ˹˹觢ͧѧ ǧ͹٨ҧѴਹ Ţͧ ý֡ͺç§ öҵʹ 繡Դ͡աûѺا ͧ ʹͧԶոҵ觢 繷㨵ͧ 

         
1.3 С÷ 3 þԨóҤѴ͡⾸ ÷ͧٻҧ˹ҵ ֡͡Ӥѭ èлСͺѹ¡Ѻ㨷طȵͻª쵹 ͡úä ͧª 2ҹ ͧҧúǹ ͻª쵹лªҹ лªͧоطʹǹ й鹡ѧҨо èФѴؤż ԾԷҭҳ 颹Ҵҹ¢ͧѭҭҳ鹡ػҧ 㹡÷ͺ ͤѴ͡ ֧ Сɳ ͧͺ·ȹ ȹТͧѤõš е͸ ç 蹶ͧȹеͻѭѧ㹻Ѩغѹ ҷҹդ Դ繻С ¡繻 ֡ҷҧšйҹշȹҧ ç¹жѸ ֡áѹ Է֡áѹ Ѵ֡áѹ դӵͺ繸ͧǹ˹ ûСͺҪվͧšйҹշȹҧûѭҷҧФͺ ѭʵѧй ԴԴҷҹշȹҧ ͧҶѭҷҧ úǪͧźص÷ءѹ ʧ ԧͧǪ ءѹ ҵͧ ʧäŹԾҹ 駹ͺ չԾԷҭҳ ͧѤ÷ 龺 ԾԷҭҳ Ҩо֧ · ҡѧ龺蹹 ҡҨͧҪԵШѹѧ ͧ ͺ Ե ǻ͹Ӷͷͺѡ ͧ ҾѡҨ 
          㹡þԨóҤѴ͡Ǻؤ Ǻǹ Ѻ觷繼ŧҹ ¹˹ѧ ͺҷͧѤõѧ 繻Ӥѭ Чҹ¹ кҷ;ĵԡѧ к觺͡件֧㹢ͧؤѴਹ仡ҡɳ͡÷ͺԸ

           1.4 С÷ 4 õҹ
          ⾸ ç èдԹҧ ʹ¡á˹
ºԶժԵШѹͧ⾸ҷ駡 Ѻý֡ ԶժԵ ǹ´͹¤֧Ѳͧ ֧ʶҺѹ Է¾оطʹš ʶҺѹʧʶҺѹоطʹҷ·ҡŴ ʶҺѹЪҪ ͤغʡغԡҷ´ еͧ͡ҧ׹ʹͧҧ بʹѹǡѹ 
          á˹ºѲѧ 觷Сзѧó㹷ѹ 蹹Ф»ѺоѲ仵ӴѺ ʶҺѹеͧҧҨǷҧ˹ 㹪鹵 á˹º Ҵ
ͧ觡͹ ẺἹ ҵðҹǡѹ ¡͹ ѧ ͧ ѡ͹ ͧ¡äҢͧ ⾸·
          觷ͧͤԴͧº º¤֧Թ ͡þͧ Ҩºá ºҹ͹ õ蹹͹ è觤Ѵ繾ҧ Ẻ ͧԵ仵 кҵ 蹤 ҧ ÷ӧҹ Сþѡ͹ еͧšѹ 觷ҵͧ鹡 Թ㹡õçº 繸 Դǹҹ㹪ԵԸ ͪԵШѹʹ仪ǪԵ ͨҨкظ٧ش Ǥ º੾ǧҷѺý֡ҹ ͡ º鹡ѧºԹ¡ѧԹµԴ任оĵҧ繻㹪ԵШѹҧ繻Ե仴 ºҹ͹õͧ֡ ͵ͧѧѺѹ֡ Թ仡ҪԵ ԶѲ컯Ժѵԡѹ 蹡˹ҹ͹ҷ 蹵 ҧͽ֡ʹ¨ 繵蹹 ҵͧѧ Ҩҧҧͧ˵ؼ դҧҹѺþѡ͹ Ѩ ҹԴ˹˹ ´ þѡ͹ ҧ ´ ͧšѹ ѡɳТͧºѴԹ ҡ͡ûԺѵԶշҧͧ ͡仨ҡ çǡ н׹ҧ÷ӧҹСþѡ͹ й ֧Ե ѹ 繼٧شѧ׹ѭ 
          ͧº еͧ件֧ Ѳ㹡äԴҹ 觷ͧá ⾸ è㨴ӹ֡
ԵԹ ͧҧº Թ¡ӡѺ ¸ ѡѺ Թ ͧ èФԴҹǷҧǡѹ·Ӥͧäͧ ԧԺѵ֧ä֧١ͧçѹ ͧԸաûԺѵ ֧ä֧Ŷ١ͧçѹ Դҹ㴡çѹͧ ⾸ ջ繼ٴ èҹ ҭ㹡è͡ դѴ㹡դ˹ѡ繵çѹͧ¢ͧѯʧ ԴԶժԵѲѤոѹ ʢ 

           1.5 ǾԨóͧѡٵ
          ºѴкԵШѹ 蹹͹Ҩ֧ҹ͹ ѡ͹ǡҶ֧ѡٵ Ҩн֡ ʹ¢鹵͹õ ¡͹ ػ͹觡 ¢鹡 ҡ Ѿ ¡͹ 㹷ʹբ鹡Ѿ 1 ѹ ҡͧЪ ʹԶշҧѲͧԺѵèоٴҡ ҹûԺѵ㹷ѹ աԹҧ оͷ Թҧҧ˧͡ѹ ˧͡ҷǢ¡͹ зͧäͷءҧ Ъ˧ ФآҾըж֧Ҵ˧¡ѹ· شʧԧ ͧ˧ 觷ͧä õͺк ҳ 觨еͧѹ͹С¡ԹҧŢҴ 樹˧ͫ Ͷ֧Ҵ Ѻҧ ͹仡е鹡 ӧҹͧккҳç 繡õѺý֡ҧءĵ ý֡ҧءĵ ккҳеͧ繾鹰ҹ͹ ֧ͧաõǨͺ¡͹á ¡Թ
ҧẺ ʺ ¡͹ѧ зͧ繡ԹҧšкõǨͺСûءẺҵ ͧ (ҧҡѡ 觡觢ѹ ͡ê § к㨨еͧгյ秢鹨֧º觢ѹҪ㹷ش)
          й ֧ʹ ѹá еͧաѾ ¡Թ ʺ зҧž˧¡͹ ТԹ ¸ҵԡ͡Թҧ
к㨨ж١е鹢ҧѧҧ ҵ ͡ʹ⾸ еͧѡѧࡵͧ ǹ컯ҳͧ ѡһªҡʶҹó 繻ª й 㹷 ͧѧࡵкҳ 
          ҡҶ֧ý֡ҧѡٵѡ ӡý֡Ѻ ͧ¹ ͧ⶧˭  ⶧ ʺ 㹷Тʹ 仵ӴѺԡ  
          (1) дѺ Ǵѵ  
          (2) дѺҸ ý֡Ҹ 
          (3) дѺѭ ý֡Թ ùҸԵʵԻѯҹ Գ Ьҹ ý֡Դѭ ͻȹҸ ش ÿѧʹҸ ѧ仹 

          
1.6 ѡԨó㹡÷ѵǴ
          ÷ѵǴ è繡÷ѵ ͷз仾ѹ駽ʧ Ц ءĵ㹡÷ѵзѵ ҨдԸ ͧ⾸ҡ § ӹͧ ѤբͧеͧѴਹ Ѵਹ¶֧ФѴਹ㹵ͧ ӵͧѴਹ ԴѤ 繸ͧ ԴѴਹѹ˹ѹǡѹ 
          Ţͧ÷ѵ ͻС㴡
ͧáԴ֡ ÷ѵû ѧŷҧԻʹҭҳẺ Ѻ й ա ੾á ͤ Ҽ֡ Ҷ֧ ¶֧ ֧Сҹǹͧ 繼ѹǡѺ ҹ 
          ҵͧй Դ鹡͹ çù è озҹ ҹҹ ҹ֡ҡ ԭؾҡ ѡ й᷺ء ٻǹҡ ҧá дѺ ҹҨŧФ˹ä֡ ͡ʷԡСҹ ٨Ǣ ǹ ʹԵҹҷ աطȵͻª ǷҧСҹ繢Դ ͹ѹ ҽ֡ç⾸ Ǵ 件֧Сҹ ͧ ټ͹ͧͧ繤١йѧ еͧ Թ͡Ѵਹ ҡ١ѧ 蹺͡͹ ·仡蹺͡ ԴѴਹ㹡Ǵ ЪѴਹͧ ѧ Ҷ֧Сҹ ҡ繺ҷҹͧý֡Ҹ ŵ ҡ份֡Ҹ ͧѺ ý֡Ҹԡ ШС˹ҵ ҡ 繤Ӥѭѹá 份֡٧ҧ 繡 ж֧ҧáͧҨҡ鹰ҹͧѺͧ ѹ繡Ңͧ¹ ֡
          й 㹢鹵鹢ͧ͡觵ѡٵù ټ͹ͧһԺѵҹ¡͹ Ͷ֧ҹ ŴաԴ鹤١ʤ֡ͧҹ 繤آ 繤ѹԹ 㨷н֡ҡ ѷҡҡ 㹵ͧҡ 㹷ѹշҹ
觷ѧࡵ Ѻ ҹԴ§ ҨеͧǴ繻 ֧ 3-4-5 ֧ҹ й ⾸ 㹪ǧý֡ ؼ Ũеͧط Ѻ ʧ 10 ͧԺóء ੾Т 6-10 ͧ ԩй ҡдѺҹ ѧǹ ʡ͹ǡѹ Ǿٻҧ ͧù͹ 鹷͹Ţͷ 8 ͧԹͧèѴ· Ţͷ 10 繵 ҧ֧¡ Ժѵҧءĵ
ҧ˵آСѹҼš繸
         
ͻоĵҡ繻 ӨԵ դ͡㨼 㹤آءͧ蹴 ˵آͧСطȵͻªҸó 繷ҧá觢 зش繷Դͧʧ ЧѺ йҫ觤 ͧӤѭԴҴ ҹ繼稢 繰ҹͧҸԵҧ蹤.

 

 

 

 

 

  
;ԨóǡѺûԺѵͧ



           ǷҧԺѵԢͧ Ҹ ѭ дѺ ҨЧ´Ѻ价лоĵԻԺѵ 蹡 дѺ оĵ Ҵͧ 躷 5



        
ͷ 1 鹨ҡæѵ ѵ Ӥѭش͹ ҧ㹪Եҷ鹹 Ҩ ɷ٧شͧ鹡͹ Դ ô վФس蹴Թ ҿ ҡѵ þԵ ੾оʧ 繵  з觤Դ͡ŵͷҹҹ ҡѵ˭ ѵպحس еѧ ͸ҵԷ駻ǧ 蹪ҧ   Ĵٷաҧ ѵĴѹ ѵҡ 繵 ѵҹͧ͹Ҧ ǵ仡ҵá´ͧŧա ͡ҡ鹡æǵͧз 駷ҧ ҧҨ 㨷Դз ҹ Ѻء »С Ţ͹ط ¶ͤ Եͧ ѡ ѹ㴪Եͧ ҡѡѹ

         
ͷ 2. 鹨ҡѡ Ѻͧ褹ǧ˹شҹ ǧŧ ͧդسҷ駷ҧѵзҧԵ Ҿҡ觷ѡͧ仨ҡ ͤ ͧ ǧѹ ͧ ǧ蹹  

         
ͷ 3. ҡժԵẺ 鹨ҡ Դ ѺǢͧѺ˭ԧͪ·Ңͧ ª觤С ҹͧ㹷ҧͺ ¤ӹ֧ɷԴѧҧ ҡ´ҹ 仡ѧͧ١ Ҿ ͧ蹹 ˹ 觪ء͹ Ҥеѳ ͺآ ѵԷǧ˹ͧ͹ͧͧ 㨤 ͧǧ ͧǧ蹹 

         
ͷ 4 ͧѡҤӾٴ 4 ҧ Ӿٴˡ ӾٴҺ Ӿٴ Ӿٴ´ բ ¶ͤˡͧ ͧѧˡͧ ѡˡҧ Ե֧С˹ վѧ ѡ դ ͶҨ ¡ͧ˭ 

          
ͷ 5 ͧͧͧҵͧ ѺʾԴءԴ 繵仨֧ ͧռ㹡úا͡еҤеѳ 褹



          ŷ ͡仨ҡ 5 ͹ 227 ͧԡʧҨҡ 5 ͧ СûԺѵԷͧ ûоĵԻԺѵҡ §ͧӤͤ
ѵ 鹤ѵ ¶֧ѡҤӾٴ ѵ͵ͧ ѡ ŷء ѡ֡͡͹¡ѹ 
          㹷ش ͹
ǹ͹Դ纵´¡ѹ դҤѹ ˹ͤ ͹繷ҧ觤˹ ٧ Ҫ¡͹еͧѵ 觤Ѵ դӡ ˹͡ѵ׹ 
          ЪҪͤ ªվѵ §ԧ ѹ¹ԧ繵


         
дѺҡ ö ä Ծҹ Ź Ծص¹ڵ Ҩж֧Ծҹ 繵ͧоĵԵ觤Ѵŷء 


          㹰ҹͧþԵ ѡ˹ҷ ¨Ѵͧ Ѩ 4 鹡Ѻ蹤ͪǺҹ Դ͡ҧ㹡ѡط ҡءѹ˹ҷµç ͡ѹóлоĵطҧ ԡʧ ѡ͡ʹ ѹ ѡ˵ؼѺա§ûоĵŵҧ 10 ѡ˵ؼѺ鹢ͷ 6 (Ѻԡ) ҧ ͷ 7 (Фÿ͹ӢѺͧ)ҧ ʹ 㹷شµͧ ·ػ·äŹԾҹ ֡ҧػѹէ繾鹰ҹѺä 


         
ҧ١ ͧ֡ ý֡ҧػŷط蹤ҧ¹鹡 ͧҧػ¤繹ѡ ҡ÷ºԹ觷԰ Զշҧú§ҭ ШФҧԵ㨷蹤 վѲҡ㹷ҧ觢 դ㹤 繹ѡ觢 觷֡ԵẺ֡ѴӤѭ ֡Ѻͺآ ҧ Ѻ ͺآ 4 Ҫ ѵ ͺآ 6 Ե ¨ҹӡçҹ ǡҧ׹ Ǵ١ 蹡þѹ ҹ طѷ ԡ èеͧ֡ѴҪ ͧ蹵Ǩ ͺ ҪͺآԵ¡дѺ秢 աдѺ˹ Ѻõѡ 10 227 طҧա 


          㹡ѡط ҧ駡繵ͧغѹǩҴСͺ йǡ ѡоŢͷ 6 -7 غ»Сͺ ٺҨ ͧ ͡ غԸաõҪ ԴǢ ᷹ҡ Ѵػ´Ҵ ҡ ҹ͹ ֡ѡ èԹ 21.00 . ҧ֡ ͪӹҭ㹡ô ѴԹҡ᷹ 蹡 ͡㹷 ҡȺط һҡ׹Թҡ 㹷ͧ Ӥ֡Դ ѧ׹Թ÷Ծ Ӻ ػ ҡöԭҹһҹʵǹ Ѵ͡ӹҭѺ ͡繹µ öҧԤѹ ҹҹӹҨªǷ ö駵 öѡط

 
         
蹹 Ф¾͡ٹ㹵ͧ դҤ㹵ͧ仵ӴѺ դԴ դ繹ѡդӹҭõ غԸաҡҪ觪㹴ǧ Ըշѡҧ˴ʹҧ¡½ غԸա÷ѡ׹Ѵ觪㹴ǧ 蹹˹ 㹷شöؤͧ 繨ԧµͧѨӤѭ 仢ͧ¡´»С㴡 ա ǡ ԧ ҾԵҧҡ ҡҾԵһгյ öǺѧѺ ѭҡ份¡ ֡ԴС ԴоĵԪ ФسҾ㨢й ͹حҵ͡÷ҾԵ㨺ͧ仹ͧ 


           
㹢ǡѹ ´ç 㹡ͺѹطͧ 㹤س ШԵ觺ѧѺѭ Ҿ秢ͧԵ㨷ҧ ҵʹش͹ سҾ索ҴҴ 觹 ¶֧ 駴µͧѨ¡ Ե繹 繺 ؤѨ鹵 к 

                ⹻ؾھڤ ʯ ,
                دహ ʵ õ
                ءڵ ڡ ڵ

               Ҿ֧͹ ˭ Ǵ 
               Һؤ㨪 ٴ () 
               Фǹ ءؤż 
               ب͵ ͡ й. 
                
( *** 稾 ç˹ѧ Ԩó 2501 ) 

         
ͼҹõѺͺآѹ ʧҨöѡط ¡ҧҾ秢˹Ҿ ҡ 蹹 Եԭҳط Шͧ繴ҸԵǨͺ 繹 ͹ ͸ ͹Ѻٻѹ繡ͧ͢ա˹ ¹ҪԵ ӹҨ ӹҨѧѺѭٻҧºҴ ͹ͧҧ ҧԾǺФǹйӾһԺѵطء оһԺѵǹ Ե㨨ѡûоĵԸ Ӥѭ ͧоطʹ ੾ҧ 38 С оǨͺͧդú 38 §˹ Ҵͧ仢㴺ҧ غʡغԡ ö ѡ 5 -8 طոҡ աسҡ շҹԨҤҡ ѡ 10 ط դӴըԵ͹ դиҡ 繾ԡ ѨдѺ öѡž 227 Ժó 繼ǹ ûоĵԸ ç ѹҡ 


         
дѺ٧ ¡ ҪԵ 繼 ѡ ҨԵ㨹ͧ繼ѡط дѺͧöҡѺä Ծҹ öäŹԾҹ öӹ ҡҧҴͧ طźԺó ѹ¶֧ԵҴطԺóҧ öäŹԾҹ 

          ػ㹺¹ дѺ 觷ͧӡ ѡŴ¡ еͧ֡ѴõѺ ҪФ¤ ػ繹ѡѡú Ҥͧ 繹ѡ 繹ѡú úʧ ͹ Դ鹷繡 ʺ ѡͧءҡӺҡͧ蹨Դ㨼 ͡ѵ Ѻ
ͧ͡ 繤ءͧͤءͧ ѡ ҨԵ٧ 
         
㹢ǡѹ¤ѵ ͧͤ ªվѵ ͹ Ѵз ˹͡ѵ׹ 繦 շҹԨҤ٧ (Ҫ¡鹺ҧҧźҧͫ触Ҩ) աѡʶѹӤѭҧʹѹԴ͡ûоĵԸ դ觤Ѵ٧ աԨѵ蹡Ǵ Ǵ繻Ш ҷ ͹حҵͧ ¦੾е  
          Ѻ ԡ ˹ѡºҧԺѵҧ ѡ繤յآ º Ҿԧ÷ Ҩѡ¡дѺ
з˭ ҪԵ 繼 繹 öҧ ·ԾҴط͹㹡ա˹ ʴ ѧӹҨºҴФǺѧѺѭҽ¡黯Ժѵ觷է 㹡ͺҧҧ 繤ͻС¡õ٧ҧФ ӹ֧Ҥ ¡¨ѡҧ §͢ŧ ǹͼ ʧʹŧ ʹ㨷 ʹҤСҵҧ 
         
¶֧ѺäŹԾҹ ҹʧͧͧ й蹡¤֧ѧҸԷԴ ѵѵ Դѹҧ ǡѹҧšѺ Ҹ Ǥ Ѳ 觼ŵ͡þѲҸ Ҹ ;Ѳ 觼ŵ͡þѲŴѵѵҧҾǧ оѧҹ¹ͧ͡ջԷҾ㹡çҹҧ 

          дѺ 繧ҹ֡ԡдѺشʹ 繻Ǹͧ èѡؼ дѺ ֡õҧҧµʹԵ ֧ѡö稼شʹԡҹ 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                

 

   
ý֡Ҹ

 1 . ѡԨóҷ㹡ý֡Ҹ 

         
Ҹ ý֡ҸԷվ鹰ҹ Դ 繨ҡ硹ѡ¹ پ份֡Ҹ ŷ §÷ӷҵẺҹͧ 稷ҧҸԴ ҹ ˹˹ 索Ҵ 駹з ͧ ¢Ҵ鹰ҹ ͧ Ѵҹǡ÷Ҹԡ 繼ŧ С˹ ӴѺ ԭ˹ҢͧҸ 繺ҧ繺ҧ(㨹觺ҧ觺ҧ) ¡ ԡҸ ͨй ¡ ػҸ ش شʹͧҸԡ ѻҸ ѻҸ 繼ŷͧ٧شͧç⾸ҧ͹ѻҸԻʹҭҳѹѧҨ鹡¡ʶ١Իʹҭҳѧ ¤֧úäŹͧ ͡ա ˹ úѧԴ鹢ͧºؤż԰شó٧ش觾оطʹҹͧ 觻԰Ӥ仡ҹա 
          й ش٧شͧҸ ֧ͧ ѻҸ з дѺѻҸԹ дѺաõԴ㹨Եҧ˹ѡҧ˹觫 ظ Ѻա˹觷СʷѻҸԨաâѴҡҧç ءĵ ͡ʶ١ѴҨ§ Ҵҧ ʧ ҧ ҡ ʢͧԵ
ԻʹҭҳԴ鹺Եҧҡʹͧ 蹤͡úظдѺ٧شѵԴ ШԵ١Ѵ仨ҡ ѻҸ С繨Եҧ ҤѭҤѯʧ ѡɳ 繵鹡Դ鹵 繼鹤ʧ 㹪ԵդǡһȨҡա դآ դʧ դҴ դѭ դФѹó  ÷н֡稶֧ѻҸԹ ֧ҧ⾸ҡ繵֧ͧ֡ѻҸ ط͡ý֡ҧءĵ 
          й 㹢鹵͹աý֡ҸԹ ټ͹еͧ蹵ǨԹŴ ҷ ý֡Ҹ ෡Ԥ֡袳й ֧˹ ˹ еͧԸա෡Ԥ ء ͡е繼ŴյҸ 㹷դ 繵ͧ˵ؤ˹ҢͧҸ 觷Ҩоͻѭʶҹ ҨºʧѴ 份֡ʶҹ੾ ʧʧѴҧʶҹҨ Ѻ᤺ ӡѴԹ ҡ Ǵʹ觾 ͡ý֡ѡɳѴ ҨӡѴԹ 蹹еͧѺ㹻ѭҹ 觷è ѹ ෡Ԥͧ
Գ(㹾Ф 10 ҧ ԧ ¾ѹҧ) ش 13 Ҫ觤ԭͧҸ㹢鹵͹ջѭ á Ҹԭ件֧ѻҸ и ¢ͧý֡ ѻҸ еͧԴ (֧ѻҸ ҨдѺʴҺѹ ʡҤҹ 㹷 Ҷ֧ѻҸդѧҨж֧дѺѹ) 
          þԨóҹ еͧºؤ Фо༪ԭѭ͹ѹ й ټ֡еͧ öԹҤ㹢ͧ١ءдѺзءҡä͹ С˹෡ԤçѭҢͧФ ػҡ͹ᾷԹԨäͧͧ еͧԹԨҧ١ͧ ¡͹ Ǩ֧öҷ١ѺäͧФä ¨֧» äš͹ѹ ҡ͹ҹѭ㹢ͧ ١ ҹ١ ҼԴ šͤ ҧ ҹ ҹ˹ǡѹ 

 



 2. ѡԨóͧ෡Ԥý֡Ҹ


          ҧá ͹ԹԨҴ෡Ԥ þ֡෡ԤͧҸ੾ҧ֧ش¡͹ բͤͧͧҸԡ
ûԺѵҸ෡Ԥ㴡ѹѺ Ѻ෡ԤТйӵ 仹 繷⾸ҨеͧҧѴਹ͹ء ෡Ԥ ͷͧǵẺ ҨѧѧԴŷҧҸԡ ѧ仹

 



 2.1 úԡǹ

 
          ෡ԤС÷ 1 ෡Ԥ·ش͡úԡǹ Ŵաͺԡ ѧ Ẻͧǧʴ Ѵҡ ԭ Ӻԡ ѧ Ẻǹѧ Ẻ֡Ѵͧ鹷ش кǷѧդѹµçѺ ԡҧ ºԡ ҹ 仵ʹ ԡѧ йҸ §дѺ ԡҸҹ Ҩ֡ҸԪ٧ ͧҵá෡ԤҪ 㹷 ʹ ෡ԤҸẺ 2

 

 


 2.2 ǹ ط -  


          ෡ԤС÷ 2 ෡ԤѺҵðҹ ѹѺ ͡ ѹ㹢ǡѹҧҴ ԸջԺѵԤʹ͡ǹҾط- ǹҴ¤ ҷջԺѵ й ط 繤ӷŴ ෡ԤǹҾط ѡ ͧѹѺ ͡ ѡá
ҡ͹Ҿط ͡  
          ش稢ͧ෡Ԥ ԴѴਹ ǹͧ˹ ǪѴਹ ͧͺͧ 件֧ҹ١ ط............................բҴ Ҵ㨷 ֧ͧ Ӥ͵պԴе ͡ .............. 仡Ѻ㨷  

          鹵͹Ժѵԡ繴ѧ

          1 ֧仾Ͷ֧ҹ١ ҤҾط Ǿ Ѻ شͧ Ӥ͵պԴе(ͤͧ 㨡ѺӺԡ仾ѹͧ)
          鹵͹ 2 зͧ ѧѹѺ͡ ԴеӤ Ҥ 仡Ѻ֡͡Ѵ仨 㨨ç- ö ͡Ѵਹ 㹢ǡѹ ǹç ѴਹǴ Ἱѧ繴ѧ

Ҫҹ١Ǥ ط


                                 ط                   



ǹѺ͡ Ǥ  
***** ͷͺ ط 4 Թҷ ͹ҷ 15

(ҨеͧաûѺط仺ҧкؤ) 


          ý֡ǹҾط - ҧҨջѭ 觴͡ ǹ ط- 㨷´ ͹Ѻ ֧ʧ ǵͨҡ鹡öšҹաҧը֧֡ 繤駤 ͡˹ ҡҸ֡ҹ ѧ 
          ѡɳз龺 㨷´ ͹Ѻ ֧ʧ 蹤ͧ鹢ͧҸ дѺԷҾͧҸдѺ˹ дѺ ػҸ ͷҧ èѺѹ繷㨢ͧ ҧ٧ йҨ鹾Զշҧ ҸдѺ٧µͧ ѧࡵ () 觷¡ Գ ҹ ҳ () Իʹҡҹ㹢鹵͹ () öͧý֡ҸԸ  ǧҤӹҭ աԧҸ Ѻ ٧ͧҸ

          ػ ͧ෡Ԥý֡Ҹ 

          á ǹҾط- ըشʧ§ԵԴҸ ͧҹ Ǥ Ѻ֡Ѵ Ѵ١ѺǹҾط- ͹ʧͧԵ ͨԵʧ ǹҾط⸡ٴب §Եʧҹ 㹢ǡѹ㨷ç (͡ ŧ) ͽ֡ Ф¾Ѳ´ ѡɳ гյ մҾ 觡ͧ͡ Ҿ㹢ШԵʧ մҾ ͡ 㨹鹨 ֡ դгյش 

          Ẻ֡ѴҧԺѵ ҡ͹ǹҾط ֡Ѵ ǹҾطǵ仡Ѻ㨷-֡ ҡǹҾط йԧ㨨֧ Ѩѡ ͹ǹҾط ҧдѺ-֡͹ ¨ͧ੾С ͡ ¡͹ ֡ ҡ ѧó¶֧ҴԷҾ й鹵ͧ֡Ѵ šѺ͡ ֡ҡѹ ҧ͡ ҧԺѵ ѺԴҾ͹ʹ ( Ǻҧ 鹺ҧ çҧ ºҧ ǹǹҺҧ) 

          㹷ҧԺѵ ջʺóѧա ֡ç Żйյ ç з§ 繡ûءͧءҷءǹç ҷç͹ͧٴ 仴ѹǧ˹ͧ͡Ǣ
仨ѹ˹͡˹͡ ͹١ ˹͡¡ 蹨繡ý֡ѴշЪкҳ 觢 ҡ ֡ҧ 

          ǹ͡ Ѻѵѵ ҧ ͡ ҧ鹴 ֧ջѭѺ͡ ͧ ͧѧ͡Թ ԹšѺ 鹵Ǩͺ͡ҧ ҧдѺŢͧ͡͡˹ҨçҴ˹ -֡ Ҵ˹ ѺѺöͧ 黯Ժѵ㹢й Ǥ ҵðҹҨʺ稷ҧҸ ֡йҹ 4 Թҷ ͡ 4 Թҷ ͡ѹ 1 ǧ ҹ 8 Թҷ (ӵԴ͡ѹ 40 Թҷ 5 ǧ 5 ͡ 5 ) Ѻ֡Ѵ 颹ҴҵðҹǨͺͧ͹ ͷС˹Ҩç-֡йҹè֧ö ͵ʹ ͵ʹҷ˹ҨҸԹҹ Ͷҡ˹֡ҹ 1 Թҷ ҧ ͤ֡ǹҹ 2 Թҷ 3 Թҷ 繵 觷ͧý֡ͽ֡͡繨ѧз 

          ҧдѺöͧ ǹҾط 㹷ҧԺѵ ͹ǹҤ ط ǹҡǵ ÷蹹 ǹ˹觨价ҧҡǹҤҾط ͡ǹҤ ǧ蹹 Դ-͡ ǹ繨ѧ 
          ÷ һʧͧ鹷ش ǹ شǹ ҤԴ شԴ ǹҾط ǹ蹹ҧǵʹ˹ 
          ҵʹ˹ ҡͧӤѭ ǹ觹ҹ觴 ҹ ҹѹ ҹ͹ ҹ繻 · Ѻ¹ʶҹ ੾ʶҹ͡ѹ ѺúǹҾط ҧǹ੾ §ҧ ǹѧԴŷҧþѲҡâͧҸҧҡ ҨСԻʹҡҹͧǢ
          Ѻ⾸ ͧǹҾط ҧǹͧ令ӹ֧ҧ 㨷ͺẺл(õ ǡѡǹҧ ҧǡѹ ԴŢ ԴҸԷʹ ШлШѡ赹ͧ µͧͧ)
          ѭҷҧԺѵ ѡҡ 觴͡ ǹ ط- 㨷´ ͹Ѻ ֧ʧ " ҡй ͧ ѧšѺ´͹˹ ""㨷´͹Ѻ" ԧդ¾ҧ ͧ ѺժԵШѹ ҡ֡ 㨢ͧʹ ҡѹ ѹç ѹҾ繨ԧ ѹçҡѹç ѹ͹ҡѹ͹ ҧ͡ѧҧҡѹç ҵ㨴 觨çա ֧Ҽ黯Ժѵ Ҵѹ ҡѹ ҡѹ ͹ й ͧٷǹ ҡ繤ǹҪѴ ǹ㨡(͹) ҹ ͧ й鹨֧ ҨС˹ͧ ҡçç èԵʧҧ蹤 ѡɳТͧҸԴǹ ҡ֡ҡѧǹ ֡ ͡ Ҩ͹Ȩҡ Ȩҡǹ 㹤ԧѧǹ
          й  ҡ件֧дѺ ֡աҧ ֡-- ҹ ͧ ǹҹ֡ͧǹҤ ط- ͡ա Т й
дѺҵðҹ͡ҧ ( -֡ йҹ 3-4 Թҷ ͡šѹ 3-4 Թҷ 蹡ѹ· ҡ ͧغµҧ ੾Сʶҹ֡š͡ ҧ ǹͧ੾ ʶҹ੾ 任Ҫ ʧʧѴͧʶҹЪҡ ͨʺó ҡպҡ͹ѡ˵ԴԻʹҭҳ (繨ԧ)ͧҴ Ҹ 繾鹰ҹӤѭͧԴ蹤׹ҹ¡͹ ҸԴ繡蹤 ׹ҹ Ҹ ҸԺ ͧ繵˵آͧԻʹҭҳ ͤ 繨ԧԴ ػ͹ ԹҴ ҹ˹͢ 紾תѹ͡ ͡鹺Թ鹩й 㹪鹹 ֡Ҹҧ˹ѡ Ѵҵðҹѧ Ҹ 蹹 Ҹ֡仡ҹա 件֧شԵʧҧ蹤 ¡ ѻҸ
         
觷鹡 ҵͧѻҸ ФسҾͧѻҸ 觷 ѡ͡ ǡ ͡ʶ١ѡ͡ Իʹҭҳ֧ԴԻʹҭҳ繼ŢͧѻҸԷ˹ҷѡ͡ Ѵҡҧҧŧ Ŵŧ仨ҡԵ Եҧ Ҵ ʧ ֧ջѭ 繨ԧͧѯʧ ˵ؼ觪Ե繷ء ѡɳ 繵 

 

 

 2.3. ѡǹ غ˹-ͧ˹ 


          ෡ԤС÷ 3 ෡Ԥǹ غ˹-ͧ˹ ෡ԤԸբͧʧ Ҥ͹ѵ餳ʧҤҧ Ẻ֡ ҽ֡Ѵ褳ʧ (鹻 2547) ͧ Ѻ ¹仡ѺẺǹҾط
         
ԸջԺѵ ͹Ѻǹ ط- ǪҭǹҾط- ෡Ԥ Ч § Ǥ ͧ˹-غ˹ ᷹ ط - ҹШ繵ͧѹѺǡѹҧҴ բ鹵͹

          (1.) ˹Ե˹д 2 (ѧࡵ˹д 2 ) 
          (2.) ҷͧ˹д 2 ǹ鹨оͧ Ǥ ͧ˹ 
          (3.) ͡ ͧغŧ Ǥ غ˹ 

        
Ըչ͹ҧջԷҾ ý֡Ѵ ҡҹ١㹷Ҹ Ѻŧ ҨԵ˹˹д 2 (ҡ˹çͧ繷ͧͧͧغ) ͧͧ鹾ѺǤҾͧ˹ ش ŧͧ͡غŧѺǤغ˹ (Һԧҷͧͧзͧغŧ͡ҹͧ)йѧࡵǡѺẺط-⸾Ҷ֧ҹ١ͧͧ鹡Ҿͧ˹(§͡)شͧǡѺ͡ҷͧغŧغ˹(§͡)  ǹ § غ.............˹..............(¤ 3-4 Թҷ) ͧ................˹..............3-4 Թҷ) ҵðҹ ҡѹѺẺط- Ẻ§ǹ ͧ˹ غ˹ 3-4 Թҷչ лءʵ ŧ ա (§ءͧŧ Ȩҡǧ) ԴŷҧҸ͹ҧǡẺ ط 仨Ҩж֧ѻҸ ѻҸ Ҩ෡ԤǹẺ



 2.4. ෡Ԥý֡Ҹѡâͧҳ


          ҳ ͧͧҳ ֡ҡԴͧ੾    ֡»ҳͧ͹ҧҡӺҡ ҡ й ͧҳ ͹ͧԷҹ ͧԧ 駹 Сý֡稨еͧҡ ֡ еͧҹú筵лҧءĵ 駼ҹԵءѹҧ˹ѡ͹ ѡûԺѵԢͧý֡ҳ ѧçк鹢ͧШԵ ֡Ҩҡ ҹһҹʵ ҡ֡ ´͹ ý֡ѴѴ ֧֡йҹ ͡ҹ ͡ ͧ ͡ ͹˭ ͡ 㹡ý֡Ҹ» ҳ繵׹ͧý֡Ҹ· ѡѹ ͡ зйҡͧ͡
ҹһҹʵ ͧ ѧ ֧鹷¡ ҳ §㨷͡ҹ ý֡ҳẺ ¡ý֡͡ǡѹ 
         
㹡ý֡ҧҳ ҡѺؤ йѡǪҷ ͧҡ ҷѡٴ֧ͧҳ ҧá ԧͧҳ稴¡ý֡ ͧ֡Եҧ˹ѡ ֡ͧͧԶժԵ黯ԺѵԸҧ˹ѡ ͧʹդ٧ҧǴªԵ֧ դѺѺ͹ҡкҳ еͧ¾鹰ҹҡ ͧ¡ҧ鹰ҹԵ秢 ֧ ҹʧҡ 繰ҹͧķҧ мŵҧ ҧҸԷءдѺ Ҭҹ٧ øҺѵ


          й 㹢鹵͹ý֡Ҹ شԧ ҡ ͧҸԹ شش·˭ӤѭйҨ繷ҧ觢ͧѡҸԡ ֡仨֧дѺԵ㨢Ҵ ʧѴ͡ҨԵ ມ ʺ ǡʧѴ ط ҸԼҹШԵ仵ӴѺ仨ö㨹 ʧѴ ҴẺʺ դآ ˹˹Ҹ š ҧʹԷ ҧ¨е駵çй ҡ鹡繪ͧҧѴԵ Ե ԵԵ ѡ繡͹šʹյ çѺҷ֡ҵ 觼ŹͧҴʹءҡ Ы觼դѹ٧öдѺ¡ѻҸ ä ֧ͧ鹹 Ш繢鹵͹ҾѺس觪Ե ͷҧ ʧͧҸ ѡá ͷѻҸ Եйҡա÷ӧҹҧ֡ ͧͧԵ ͨԵͧзӡêШԵͧҴ ͧͧ͢Ե ػ ͹÷ӧҹͧѡͧ͡ ԵҴ ¡ê зѡͧ͹͡仨ҡԵ ͺؤҸ дѺѻҸԨ֧繡Դ͡ҵáâͧҸԷӧҹС仨ҡ ͧ й ѻҸԨ֧ ͧͷդӤѭ㹡áӨѴѴҡ ҹ֧Ѵ˹ԡ -Ҹ-ѭ äŨ֧繵ͧ ͷѡ ѻҸ 蹷ѻҸԺ ҡ Ш Ե㨡Ҵҧŧ 繡ú Իʹҭҳ 繨ԧѯʧ÷ ҡԻʹҭҳдѺҧ Դ й ٻͧáͨеͧ֡ѻҸ͹ ҹԻʹҡҹЧ¢ ջʺóµçö׹ѹҶ֧شͧԵҧ
         
ѧࡵý֡ҸԷйҹ ҡҡ ͵ӴѺ§Ңҧ ҡý֡ ԡ ѧ кǷѧդѹµçѺҳ ҹһҹʵ ¡͹Һԡط 觵͹ ջҳǢͧµç Ǿͤ ֧ӹҭѺǹҾط ҽ֡Ẻǹغ˹;ͧ˹ 騺ŧغ˹;ͧ˹ 件֧ѻҸԴԸաúԡẺ غ˹ ͧ˹     

          ǹý֡෡Ԥҳ ͹ҧҡ Ըս֡繡੾ 繼ͧûоĵԸҧءĵ ǻҳФ秢Ҥ ҳѡɳ繡 Ŵ͡¹͡ Ҩ颹ҴоѧҷѴǨ֧Դҷҧ͡¹͡ ͹ СԴ鹷ҧͧҳ ԴԶջҳͧ ҡԶշҧ 觨繻ҳ˭ ⤵ûҳԴ ǷçҤ ͧͷ شҢͧй 繵鹡ԴԪ ҳ ѡҧҾ¹ǡѧҧ ¢ ԴԹԧҧҡ ҧ˹ѧѧ㹢й

 



 2.5 ෡ԤҸԵѡԹʵԻѯҹ


          2.5.1 ͤͧ


          ෡Ԥý֡ҸҡԹʵԻѯҹ ෡Ԥ աС˹觷դѹѹ仡Ѻý֡Ҹ ·ö觼ŵҸ¡ Թ 㹷Тйӡ ԹҤѺͧ й 餳ʧ¹Ẻ֡ͺѡٵþԻʹҨ ҤҤʧ 繼ӹ¡ý֡ ա÷ͧ ֡ͺá͵鹻 .. 2547 (Ҥ 10 ˹ѡٵ 20 ѹ Ѵͺҧѹ 5-24 .. 2547 ٹҤ 10 .غҪҹ) Ҥʧ蹡Ѵý֡ͺǹ 

         
ԹʵԻѯҹ 6  

          з 1 ҧ˹ ҧ˹ 
          з 2 ¡˹ º˹
          з 3 ¡˹ ҧ˹ º˹ 
          з 4 ¡˹ ¡˹ ҧ˹ º˹
          з 5 ¡˹ ¡˹ ҧ˹ ŧ˹ ١˹
          з 6 ¡˹ ¡˹ ҧ˹ ŧ˹ ١˹ ˹

          ˹͹ҧҹ 㹡Թ鹵ͧԹ仵ӴѺ鹵͹ Թз 1 ШеͧԴӪͧԧ ¡͹֧Фµз 2 բ͡˹͹ҧµ Թ Ҹ ҡѹ 駹ѡ÷ ԹСùҸդѹѹ Ǥդ˵мū觡ѹСѹ 
         
աС˹ § ѡӤѭҴ §觷ءʵءŧʹ § 仵ʶҹó ءʵ蹵ʹ (зǧ ͧԴԧ ҡʵԵ ʹ)
         
ý֡ԹẺ 仨ŧùҸԵẺغ˹;ͧ˹ ( 2.3)ҧ й ý֡ ¡Թ͹ 仨ŧùҸԵ͡ѹ仨ŧ ԹöҾͧҸբ §ǡӡѺ仡ѺԹ ͧͷءʵءŧ ʵԵءŧ ѧԴԻʹҭҳ͹ѹ ʵԷءŧ鹷˹ҷἴҡʵѡʵԻѯҹ СԹǹҸ ẺԺѵԹ ¡ ʵԻѯҹ ŷµçͷҸҢ Ըա鹰ҹҸ Ҷ֧ ѻҸ ѺҸ稷ҧҸԪ٧ Ҩͺ Ԩ ѡù§ Թз 1 ӴѺ ֧з 5 ԴŢҧѴਹ 
         
Ըաý֡෡ԤʵԻѯҹ 鹷´͹ͧ еͧѧʵ ʵԡ˹Թء ҧ ʵԵѹء ҷ͹ ѡӤѭʵ͡ҡá 4 ׹ Թ ͹ 件֧Ե㨷Դ 㹢н֡ʵԡҹ仴 Ẻý֡ͧ Ҥ ˹ Ըա ý֡繾Ըա֡ͧþý֡ҧ٧ Դ ͧѷ بԵ ԧ㨵͡ý֡ҧ й 繾ԸաѡԷ ֧Ẻý֡͹ҧµ բ鹵͹觤Ѵ ý֡¡ҷҹҹ¡͹ (Ẻý֡ѡԷ) Ѻؤػ繹ѡԪҡ ö֡ẺԶշҧԷʵ 繵ͧ鹾Ըաҧ ͧͧ˵ؼ ֡ҵ˵ ѧѡù 



          2.5.2 Ըա͹ý֡ԹʵԻѯҹ


Ըա÷кý֡ʵԻѯҹ 鹴¡ҷҹҹ¡͹ 繢鹵͹
         
鹵͹ 1 ҷҹҹ 
㹷ҡ Ǥҷҹҹ դҷҹѧ

ء ѴҾҢҷҹ 觾Сҹ ͤԡҸ ػҸ ѻҸԻʹҭҳ ѧԴ 㹢ѹѹâͧҾ ҾҨеʵԡ˹ ٻ׹ 㹢׹ ¡˹ ٻ׹ еʵԡ˹ ٻ 㹢С ¡˹ ٻ еʵԡ˹ٻ 㹢й ¡˹ ٻ еʵԡ˹ ٻ͹ 㹢й͹ ¡˹ ٻ͹ Ѵ繵ͭ 

         
鹵͹ 2 áҺʴͺ٪Ҿѵ
繢鹵͹͹ءԹ 㹷ҹ觡 ҺẺСҹ 6 鹵͹ ѧ 

          (Һ駷1) 

          1  

          2 ¡ͨ˹Ҽҡ Ҩ 

          3 㹷ҹ觾 ŧ仢ҹ 

          4 ͷͧо 

          5 ͡ 2 о 

          6 ˹Ҽҡо (˹Ҽҡҧͷ 2) 

ҨҹʡþоطҴѧ ط оط繷觢ͧ" ǡѺ 6 鹵͹ ǡѹ ͹·ҡҺ ¡  

          1 ˹Ҽҡ ¡鹡͹ 

          2 ͡¡ 

          3 ¡ 

          4 ; ˹˹͡¢ҹ (çѺҡҺ 3) 

          5 駵ǵçͨô˹Ҽҡ 

          6 ŧҷ͡駵ǵç 


          (Һ駷 2) 

          1  

          2 ¡ͨ˹Ҽҡ Ҩ 

          3 㹷ҹ觾 ŧ仢ҹ 

          4 ͷͧо 

          5 ͡ 2 о 

          6 ˹Ҽҡо (˹Ҽҡҧͷ 2 ) 

ǡҨҹʡþиѧ " и繷觢ͧ" ǡѺ 6 鹵͹ǡѹ ͹·ҡҺ ¡  

          1 ˹Ҽҡ ¡鹡͹ 

          2 ͡¡ 

          3 ¡ 

          4. ;˹˹͡ ҹ (çѺҡҺ 3) 

          5 駵ǵçͨô˹Ҽҡ 

          6 ŧҷ͡駵ǵç 


          (Һ駷 3) 

          1  

          2 ¡ͨ˹Ҽҡ Ҩ 

          3 㹷ҹ觾 ŧ仢ҹ 

          4 ͷͧо 

          5 ͡ 2 о 

          6 ˹Ҽҡо (˹Ҽҡҧͷ 2 ) ǡҨҹʡþʧѧ "ѧ ʧ繷觢ͧ" 

ǡѺ 6 鹵͹ǡѹ ͹·ҡҺ ¡  

          1 ˹Ҽҡ ¡鹡͹ 

          2 ͡¡ 

          3 ¡ 

          4 ;˹˹͡ ҹ (çѺҡҺ 3) 

          5 駵ǵçͨô˹Ҽҡ 

          6 ŧҷ͡駵ǵç



         
鹵͹ 3 ء׹Թ
          ҡ Һŧ ˹ҵѡ Ҩ ش§ ӷŧ
"˹" 繤ӷءʵ ͡ ش§ "ʵԡ˹ - ҡء˹ ҡء˹ 
ҡء˹" 
          "ҡء˹" 3 ˹ ءԹ Ҩ
"ء˹" 5 鹵͹ ѧ 
          ء˹1 (ءҡҺ繹觡) ء˹2 (¡Ңҵ駢Ңº) ء˹3 (¡ҫªԴҢ ҷ駤º 㹷ҹͧ ) ء˹4 ء׹㹷ҡ ء˹5 (ء׹ç) 
          ׹ç 㹷ҵç ͷͧṺӵ Ҩҵ ش§ "׹˹ ׹˹ ׹˹ ʵԡ˹͢ҧ ¡˹ (¡͢ҧ¢ ͡Դӵ ǧᢹ¢ҹ) ˹ (¡ͫҷdz˹д) ҧ˹ (ҧͫ¤˹д) ʵԡ˹͢ҧ ¡˹ ˹ ҧ˹ (ǡѺ͢ҧ ҧӷѺͫ)

          2.5.3 Թз 1 


          㹢й ֡㹷ҷԹ ͫҧ˹д ͢ ҧѺͫŧ ҷͧԴѹ ҡµç ͨҡ繡͡Թз1 Ҩ
          "ʵԡ˹ ҡԹ˹ ҡԹ˹ ҡԹ˹ ôԹ з 1 (ҧ˹ ҧ˹) Ң͡͹ --ҧ--˹ --ҧ--˹ --ҧ--˹ --ҧ--˹ --ҧ-- ˹ (仨Ҩо) 
          Թз 1 § 1 ѧ ѧ¢Ңҧ͡ º׹ Ǣҫҧ͡ҧǡѺҢ Թз 1 Ф¤֧Թͧҡش 
            㹡ý֡Թ դʵԵ ֧ͧСͺ §ء ʵ 仡˹ѧзԹ仴 Ҵ 


          й ѡù § ֧繤¤觵ͧ ͹ͧзӵ §Ф ҧ 觼֡ͧʵԨѺШҧ ӵ١ͧ 㹷 " ҧ ˹ ҧ ˹...ҡ÷Թ 繴觹
          §͹ ¡ҢҧҢ鹡͹ 觡͡ ͺ͡ ҧ ͡ ǡʹͧ ҵ ͡Ǥ ˹ ֧ºŧ 繡׹ҷͧҧ شʵա͹ ҡ鹡觵 .....ҧ.....˹ (ͤ ѧз 1 ¡鹢 ҧ 繨ѧз 2 ˹ 繨ѧз 3 º׹ա˹ ҡǡѺ͹ Թ仢ҧ˹Ҫ ¤ Ǫ仵§  
                     .....ҧ.....˹...... 
                     .....ҧ.....˹......
                     .....ҧ.....˹......
                     .....ҧ.....˹...... 
                     .....ҧ.....˹......
                     .....ҧ.....˹...... 
                     .....ҧ.....˹......
                     .....ҧ.....˹...... 
                     .....ҧ.....˹....... 
                     .....ҧ.....˹......

 

 

ҧ 繡Թ§ 10 ҹ дѺԹҵðҹ 10 ǹդ- § 60 Թҷ 1 ҷ ҹͧ 6 Թҷ Щй 㹡֡áз 1 ֡Թҵðҹ͹ 6 Թҷ ¤ ԹҼԴԤԹѹ¸ Թ 繡Թ鹵ç ͧͷ Թ㹷᤺ ǡ ͧշҧԹҡ ԹشҧǡöѺѧѹԹ ǡǡ蹹 㹷Թ仨شҧ з 觵ͧش͹ Ѻѧѹ Թ դ ش͹
          "ش ......ش˹......"
          ҢҪԴҫ ش׹㹷ҵç ҡ ֡ҡáҢй Ǥ
         
"׹˹ ׹˹ ׹˹" (3 ) 
          "ʵԡ˹ ҡѺ˹ ҡѺ˹ ҡѺ˹ôѺҧ Ѻ˹ Ѻ˹ Ѻ˹ Ѻ˹ Ѻ˹ Ѻ˹
(Ѻ˹ 6 Ф駺͡ѧСعҡѺ 6 ѧ ) ׹˹ ׹˹ ׹˹ ʵԡ˹ ҡԹ˹ ҡԹ˹ ҡԹ˹ ôԹз 1 (ҧ˹ ҧ˹) Ң͡͹ 

                 
.....ҧ.....˹...... 
                  .....ҧ.....˹..... 
                  .....ҧ.....˹.....
                  .....ҧ.....˹..... 
                  .....ҧ.....˹...... 
                  .....ҧ.....˹..... 
                  .....ҧ.....˹.....
                  .....ҧ.....˹..... 
                  .....ҧ.....˹...... 
                  .....ҧ.....˹..... 

          ش شԹѹѧѺ ͹
          դش͹
          "ش ......ش˹......" (شҢҫ¡)
          ҢҪԴҫ ش׹㹷ҵç
          ҡ鹡֡ҡáҢй Ǥ
         
"׹˹ ׹˹ ׹˹" (3 ) 
          "ʵԡ˹ ҡѺ˹ ҡѺ˹ ҡѺ˹ ôѺҧ Ѻ˹ Ѻ˹ Ѻ˹ Ѻ˹ Ѻ˹ Ѻ˹ (Ѻ˹ 6 Ф駺͡ѧСعҡѺ 6 ѧ عҢҡ͹ 3 ѧ عҫµա 3 ѧ ع 6 ѧоʹ) ׹˹ ׹˹ ׹˹ ʵԡ˹ ҡԹ˹ ҡԹ˹ ҡԹ˹ ôԹз 1 Ң͡͹ ҧ ˹ ҧ ˹ ش ش˹ ׹˹ ׹˹ ׹˹ ʵԡ˹ ҡѺ˹ ҡѺ˹ ҡѺ˹ " 
          Թ з 1 ҳ 30 ҷ þ ͷзҸԵաҡѹѺԹ 30 ҷ 
          觵ͧش͹ ŧ ͷҸ 㹡  դشԹ͹
          "ش ......ش˹......"
          ҢҪԴҫ ش׹㹷ҵç
          ҡ鹡֡ҡáҢй Ǥ
         
"׹˹ ׹˹ ׹˹" (3 )
         
"ʵԡ˹͢ҧ ¡˹ ˹ ŧ˹ ˹ ʵԡ˹͢ҧ ¡˹ ˹ ŧ˹ ˹ (йͷ 2 ṺѺӵ) 
          "ʵԡ˹ ҡ˹ ҡ˹ ҡ˹ 
          ŧ˹ ŧ˹ ŧ˹
(ŧ 㹷ҹͧ ( ѧࡵԸա ŧ 2.5.6) ѧ㹢йҹ 㹷ҹͧ ) ʵԡ˹ҢǢ ŧ˹ ŧ˹ ١˹ ʵԡ˹ ҧ ŧ˹ ŧ˹ ١˹(㹢йҹ觨繷ҹ觷Ѻ ͷͧҧҵդ觨еͧ¡С鹢 ׹ҢҷͧҧҺҹѹ仢ҧѧ ͷͧdz˹͵鹢Ҩ繤觵仡黯ԺѵԵҧʵ觹 ) ¡˹ ¡˹ Ңʹҫ ҫʹҢ ŧ˹ ŧ˹ ١˹ (й 㹷ҹ ¢ҷͧѧѹѴº ҢҨѧѺҫ еͧҧ͹˹Ңҫ͹) ʵԡ˹͢ҧ ¡˹˹ Ѻ˹ (͢仨Ѻ Ң) ֧˹(֧Ң) ˹ (֧Ңҵç˹ҵѡ) ŧ˹ (6 ˹ ҧҢŧѺҫ ѧ) ¡˹ ˹ ŧ˹ (ҧ͢ŧҢ йͷ ͧ) ʵԡ˹͢ҧ ¡˹ ˹ ˧˹ ŧ˹ (4˹) ʵ ˹͢ҧ ¡˹ ˹ ˧˹ ŧ˹ (ҧ͢ҷѺ ͫ йҡ¨㹷ҹ Ҹ ҢҷѺҫ ͢˧·Ѻͫ·˧ǡѹ˹ҵѡ) 
تا 駡ç çʵ Ѻŧ ʵԡ˹ͧ˹д 2 ͧͧ鹡˹Ҿͧ˹ ͧغŧ˹غ˹ ӵԴ͡ѹ仨Ҩк͡ ʧʵ (Ҹ)



               2.5.4 鹡ùҸẺغ˹;ͧ˹


          ͨҡ繡ùҸ ѡ غ˹ ͧ˹ ʴͧ (٢ 2.3) ǹ ͧ˹ غ˹ ͧ˹ غ˹ 仨Ҩ ҡѺԹ觵ҧʴҹһҳ 30 ҷ 
          ǹ ҵðҹ˹ 4 Թҷ ͤú Ǩŧ¡ ¡ǹ ͡Ǿѹ
         
մѧ 

          Էѧ ҵչѧ ˵ آ˵ ҵ 
          പе駨Եطȼ ح 
          ֧Դô Ҩ աǧíҵԵʹԷѹ 
          ѡѤ ͨżŢͧѹ 
          ҡѭ ͷءҹżŹͭ

Ѿѵ ѵ·͹ء Դ纵´¡ѹ
˹ آ Դ ѹ
ѾһѪ˹ آ Դ Һҷ´¹觡ѹСѹ¶
͹զ ˹ آ Դ դء·ء
آѵҹѧѹ դآآ ѡҵ鹨ҡء·Դ

Ҿҷ ͹繾Ҫ кҷ稾 稾йҧҾкҪԹչҶкǧҹǧ ء ͧ çҭ վЪ׹ҹ 觢ѭ ͧʡԡ ʹͭ
(¾ҪȡӤѭ) 

͹ Ҿҷ ͵Ѩ͸ɰҹ ҧҺحŷҾзӺѹ 繾ѵѨ ػ¹ ԴʵԻѭҭҳ 㹪ҵԹ Ъҵ˹ ʹҵҧ 鹷ء;йԾҹͭ

 



  
            2.5.5 Թз 2-6


          դӹҭ㹡Թз 1 öԹ з 2 - 6 ѡ Ҩ͡ §¹ҹͧ ¹ҡ "ôԹз 1" "ôԹз 2" ҹ 仵ǨҡԹ ըѧСԹúҧ ѧ 


         
з 1 1 ѧ ҧ˹ ҧ˹ 
          з 2 2 ѧ  
                     ѧз 1 ҧ˹ (Ң͡ ѧо)  
                     ѧз 2 º˹ (о ׹ )
          з 3 3 ѧ
                     ѧз 1 ¡˹ (¡ҢҢṺҫ͹)
                     ѧз 2 ҧ˹
                     ѧз 3 º˹
          з 4 4 ѧ
                     ѧз 1 ¡˹ (§¡Ң ¹о)
                     ѧз 2 ¡˹ 
                     ѧз 3 ҧ˹ 
                     ѧз 4 º˹
          з 5 5 ѧ
                     ѧз 1 ¡˹ 
                     ѧз 2 ¡˹ 
                     ѧз 3 ҧ˹ 
                     ѧз 4 ŧ˹ (§¹ ) 
                     ѧз 5 ١˹ (ºŧ )
          з 6 6 ѧ
                     ѧз 1 ¡˹ 
                     ѧз 2 ¡˹ 
                     ѧз 3 ҧ˹ 
                     ѧз 4 ŧ˹ 
                     ѧз 5 ١˹ (¹о ) 
                     ѧз 6 ˹ (ºŧ )

 

 


               2.5.6 ѧࡵ


          (1) ԸաعǡѺѧ

               鹵͹Ѻʹ鹵͹˹觡 鹡عǡѺѧ ѧࡵ Ҩ ش· Ѻ˹ 駷 6 ¢ͧ黯ԺѵԨСѺ㹷ȵçѹҧçѹʹ ԸաعѺ 黯ԺѵԴѧ
          Ҥ "ôѺҹ" عҢ仴ҹ͡͹ ѧ
          Ѻ˹ 駷 1 عҢ仡͹ 60 ͧ Ըع ع
          Ѻ˹ 駷 2 عҫµ ЪԴҢ
          Ѻ˹ 駷 3 عҢա 60 ͧ
          Ѻ˹ 駷 4 عҫµ仪ԴҢ
          Ѻ˹ 駷 5 عҢա 60 ͧ 
          Ѻ˹ 駷 6 عҫµ仪ԴҢ 
о 繡áѺѧѹ㹵˹觷Ѻѹçѹʹ 

          (2) ԸաùŧҸ
               ա鹵͹˹觷Ѻʹ 鹡ù բ鹡ûԺѵ ѧ
"ʵԡ˹ ҡ˹ ҡ˹ ҡ˹"
ŧ բ鹵͹ ѧ 

          鹵͹ 1 ŧ˹ 1 ͷͧҧ˹Ң ŧ

          鹵͹ 2 ŧ˹ 2 Ŵŧա ͹ҡ

          鹵͹ 3 ŧ˹ 3 ŧ㹷ҹͧ ѧ㹢йҹ 

                          㹷ҹͧ ͡"ʵԡ˹

                          Ǣ" 

          鹵͹ 4 ŧ˹ - ŧ˹ - ١˹ Ңŧ仵ӴѺ

                         ١ ͡ " ʵԡ˹Ңҧ" 

          鹵͹ 5 ŧ˹ - ŧ˹ - ١˹ ҫŧ

                          ӴѺ١㹢йҹ觨繷ҹ觷Ѻ 

                          ͷͧҧ


          鹵͹ 6 ¡˹ ¡˹ ¡С鹢 ׹ 

                          ҷͧҧ Һҹѹ仢ҧѧ ͷͧdz

                          ˹ ͵鹢 


          鹵͹ 7 Ңʹҫ ҫʹҢ 

                          觪Ѵਹ Ңʹ ҫ

                          ǡѹҫʹҢ


          鹵͹ 8 ŧ˹ ŧ˹ ١˹ ŧ仵ӴѺ 

                          鹶֧ Тй㹷ҹҺ ¢ҷͧѧ

                          ѹѴº ҢҨѧѺҫ ͧҧ͹

                          ˹Ңҫ͹ 鹹ѧШШѴҧŧ

                          ѵѵ


          鹵͹ 9 ʵԡ˹͢ҧ ¡˹ ˹ Ѻ˹ 

                          (͢仨ѺҢ) ֧˹ (֧Ң¡) ˹ 

                          (֧ҨѺҫ ˹ҫ) ŧ˹ (ҧŧ 

                          ·Ѻҫ ѧ) ¡˹ (¡͢Ң) 

                          ˹ (¡价ҧҢ ШѺ) ŧ˹ 

                          (ҧ͢ŧҢ йͷͧ) 


          鹵͹ 10 ʵԡ˹͢ҧ ¡˹ (¡ͫ¢鹢ҹ)

                           ˹(¡ҷҧ˹ҵѡ ͨҧŧ㹷Ҹ) ˧˹ 

                           (˧͢) ŧ˹ (ҧŧç˹ҵѡ Ңҵçд 

                           ˧ҧ) 

          鹵͹ 11 ʵԡ˹͢ҧ ¡˹ ˹ ˧˹ 

                           ŧ˹ (ҧǡѺ 鹵͹ 10 ͫ) ҧŧ 

                           ͢ҨзѺͫ йҡ¨㹷ҹҸ Ң

                          Ѻҫ ͢˧·Ѻͫ·˧ǡѹ˹ҵѡ) 


          鹵͹ 12 تا 駡ç çʵ Ѻŧ

                           ʵԡ˹ͧ˹д 2 ͧͧ鹡˹

                           ͧ˹ ͧغŧ˹غ˹ ӵԴ͡ѹ仨Ҩ 

                           ͡ ʧʵ (㹢鹹 Ѵҧ

                           㹷ҹ觷º Ѵè Ѵᢹ

                           Ҹ Ẻغ˹ ͧ˹͵仨Ҩ )


          ẺԸաý֡ѡʵԻѯҹͧҤ 稺ŧ§ Ẻý֡ѧͧѺ ҷҧý֡ç¤ ʵԻѯҹç觢鹵 ҧá ŷԴµç ٹسҾͧҸҧ 㹷֧˹ Ẻ֡ҸẺش 5  
ẺҡԷҾ٧ش ͪӹҭý֡Ẻ ֧ҽ֡Ẻ Ǩѡ觼Ŵյ͡ý֡ Ҹҧ ͹ 㹴ҹʵԻѭ ԻʹҡҹẺý֡ ѡѧԴٻ 仡ѺԸ 㹡ý֡дѺѭ Իʹҡҹµçѡ ʴ

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

ѡٵдѺѭ (鹧ҹԻʹҡҹ)



 1. ;Ԩóҷ

          ǹ 繢鹵͹ͧ Ҹ ֡仨ҨѻҸ 觨繾鹰ҹѺҹԻʹҡҹ дѺѭ ҡ ֧任Ժѵ 鹵͹ ͧԻʹҡҹ 4 С
          (1.) ֡Թ Ѻ仡ѺùҸẺغ˹;ͧ˹͵ẺͧҤ ʵԻѯҹ ( 3 2.5)
          (2.) 觡Գ Գ
          (3.) ѴҬҹ仾Ѻý֡Գ
          (4.) 蹾Ԩóҵ֡ͧǢ͸ТԴջȹҸҧ ԨóһǸԴ鹡Ѻͧ  



 2. 觡ԳЬҹ 

          㹷 ѭѵԤ 觡Գ Ѻ ҹ 繢鹵͹ͧԻʹҡҹ 觡ԳѺ ҹ աҤ͡êС ͷӡԳЬҹ ֧աêСâѴ ëѡ͡Դ Գ Ьҹ ֧෡ԤӤѭ㹡êС 
          觡Գ ҹ еͧ躹鹰ҹͧҸ ֡ҸҶ֧дѺѻҸ ѧҡ觡ԳЬҹ лʺ й ҹͧҹԳЬҹ ֧躹Ҹ дѺҧ дѺ ػҸ 觼Ŵŧ仡 дѺѻҸ 
          աý֡ԹẺͧҤ ŷ ´͹ ҹ դгյʵԷŧ Դʵ蹹 Ըա÷Ҽҭ ҧӤѭաԸ˹ šԻʹҭҳǡѹ 
         ҧá ѧաԴԻʹҭҳ ʵ ҸԴ ҡŢͧԹҡŢͧҸ Դ鹨ҡǽ֡Ẻ ѡ繾鹰ҹҧѺý֡ԳЬҹ мšѡ繼ѹǡѹ ͧѹǡѹ͡ҧҭ ҤԻʹҭҳ Դ
         й 鹵͹á ֧ҡԹ йҸẺغ˹;ͧ˹͡͹ Ǥ份֡ԳЬҹ 

2.1 Գ 
          Գ 繷شҴ Գ෡Ԥѡ㹡ѧáѳ੾ ͡ѳҾ ͹ѧ еѳ 2 оµ仡ûԺѵԡ͡Ⱦѧ״ 价Ⱦ ѡɳзҧ§ѧ¨ҧç ǹ Ҵҧ оԺ дءдԡ 觷Դ鹡ͨԴ§ѧ¨ ˹㹡Դ Դ㹨Ե㹵 оҡý֡ԳФͬҹ 繼ŢͧԳ 繬ҹԴ˹ Դͧҹ Щй Գ֧ ˵آͧҹ 㹡ý֡Ѵ֧仾 ѹ Գ͹ § ѧ¨˹㹡 ʧлѷԴ 繬ҹԴ鹵
          觡Գ СԴ鹢ͧҹ 觷͸Ժ´ҡ ҡеçѺШԧԴ ѡԺѵԸ֧§͹оǧҤ͸Ժҡ͡ ҨԴѭ㹷ҧɮ ԧդҧ㴷ǧҤ͸Ժҡ ֧ͧ٨ йӷҹ㹰ҹ԰ҹ仡͹ ѹշվ鹰ҹ͡ ҨԴ鹷ѹշѹ㹪Ƿ 觡Գ ѧԴš 駨繡þ٨µͧ ͡ûШѡµͧҧԶշҧԷʵ ( ж繤ٺҨ ͧ٨ء ͹ǹШоҨҨԧ)

          ŨҡԳ 2 ҧ() Ҿ(Ⱦ״)еԴ () 쪹Դ˹ ͻ˹ԴѡɳлáҤ ԴǷ仨ҡҤ ѧ¨§ ˹¨ҡҤШԴͧ ¸ҵ蹹ͧ ػ͹ ѹҾѺʧҧѹ ШеԴ (ҹ = )ͼŷѡԺѵԸеͧ ͧԳ 蹹蹹 㹤ǵ ҵͧè觡Գҡ繵ͧȾ˹ §֡ҾԴҹ Ҿлҡ Ѻ ͬҹѹԴԴ šѧ͹ ҹ֡觡ԳҡҾԴԴ §ѧ¨˹㹡ѳҡԴ й 蹷Ӻ 㹷شѡԴ ԾԷ ˹ Դ о٨ 觡Գʹ ͡ԶժԵШѹ 䢻ѭһШѹ դ˹Ѵ㹡Դ ҡҬҹ Ѻ֡˹㹡Ҥ ¾㹤駡͹һҡ ҤСФ¨ҧ ˹㹡Դ 繵 ͡Ƕ֧Գ 繧ҹдѺŻԷҡ٧ش ͧ Ժѵ ͡ʶ١͡Գ Ьҹ ԵҴ ط Ȩҡѳա 㹢 ǡѹѳҪԴ Ҩ͡仾ѹ Իʹҭҳ٧ Ҩж֧дѺѵ㹷ѹա ѧաѡɳ ͡ҵѸ

          èԭԳ ͡شǢͧ Ҫѵ (ҹԡѧش)

2.2 ҡʡԳ
        ԳաԴ˹觷Ҵ ҡʡԳ ǧҡȡҧ ͡ʶҹ觷ͧ Ԩó繻Сá 觷 ͷҺ ˹ͧ˭ ս觨ͺ ҡ ҧǧҡѺǧ ¡ еͧ˹ǧҡ ǹҧӡѺ ԹѴµҵǨͺʹҨ§ǡ˹µ㹵˹觹Ҵ͹ 
          ÷ӡԳ ҡҧ ͹ҧͧ´зҡ С ˹˹觷 ˹ҡ 繵˹ ҧҡ 觵ç˹觷˹ ѡ еͧ¡ú ҸẺҪ 㨷ºҺ»Фͧ˹觷觹ʹԷ ѻҸҪ ŷԴ鹡 ҡȵç˹觷Фҧ鹡 ҨҧǴ ҧԴҢ鹤 ԡѴҧ٧ش㹪ִ ҧѧШ ѹѺ 㨡ҧҴʵ仡Ѻҡʷҧ ҡ͹ӨԵ㨢ͧ դøͧ硹 ͷӡԳ稤 ͧ硹¹ 仾ѹѹ Եʢ 㨡ҧ Ȩҡ ͧ㹷ѹ 蹤 ҹ 쪹Դ˹ ѧԴ ԳѺҹ ֧觷 ˵ мѹ Сѹ ҹ Դҡ ҡʡԳ ֧Ҵ ط ҧມ֡ѡͧ㹨Ե㨶١ҧ索Ҵ ҧ ͧ ѭҡ ҡʡԳ ҡ´͹Գ ֧ ӤͧԳЬҹ ¡ý֡Գ¡¡͹ Ǥ ҾԴԴǨ֧ҽ֡ҡʡԳ ý֡ ҡʡԳ ջѭͧʶҹ ѵط ö֡ Ѻý֡Ҹ ͹Ѻ Ҹ ҡʢҧ˹ ͧҧҢҧ˹ ֡Ѵ˹˹觷ǧҡǧ˹ ˹觹 ѧý֡Ҹ ҡҡȢҧ˹ҽ֡蹹㹢н֡Ҹ 繢鹵͹˹觢ͧý֡ҸԴ¡ҧ 
          ŢͧҡʡԳ ҡ ҨйѺҧ˹觡 öҡҧ׹繷ҧԹ öԹҧҡҧ׹㹶ӷ״ʹԷöԴҧ
          ֡ҡʡԳǪҭ ö͸شͷ 5 㹷ѵ (Ѿԡѧش) иش쪹Դ դػҡʡԳµç



2.3 ⻡Գ
          ԳաԴ˹觷ùͧ֡ Ѻ ҡʡԳ ⻡Գ ͡觹Ҵ óչеͧӷҴ ŧ͹ ֡شҷ֡ Դҹѹ֡ʧ ѷ ֡繻ԵԷǧʹ ͬҹԴ Դѹ֡ дѺ͹㹨Ե 繨ж͹͹Сõҧ ҡԵ ѧԴ ʺ ШԵ㨪蹺ҹ 繡ö͹ ҡաԸ˹ ԸշӤѭԸ ͧԳ 

2.4 ⪡Գ
          ԳաԴ˹觡 ⪡Գ ý֡⪡Գ 㹪ԵШѹ ¹ ͷѵ ѵ ǡо 觷͹çش 觴ǧҷԵ 觹Ҩѹµ ҷҧ ѹµҤ ҷǧ ҢͧҷԵ쵡ŧ㹹 § ѧҾҷԵӹ Өᴧ ԧء ŧ ӹ͹˹ӹӷС稼Ū٧㹡÷ ⪡Գ ҧá ⪡Գ ѧ͹ ҹԴ ⪡ԳѡɳФµлзҡ͹͡͡ зªҡͧͷӤѭ㹡 Թ ѡԹ ѡش÷ ͹͡ش㹻 ѺͧѹлҺ
          ѧաԳաҡªԴ ǹ ҵ繻ªЧý֡ ѧöӡԳԴ˹ öѲҡ价ӡԳԴ ͧ Ш繡ç¢ҹѹ˹ 

 


  3. Ǹ


          ҡ仡ҤǸ ѭЭҳԴ ¶֧ŢͧԻʹҭҳ ͧ ѡ㹷 ԻʹҭҳԴ ѧêС (ѧࡵԵҧ ҨԵҧѺͧա ͡ػ Ҫҧ 繾ºؤ) ҪǷ ѳ ǵѳ ǵѳ §ǡ¶֧稸٧ش ѵä-ѵ·
            Ţͧҳлѭҡ 繨ԧͧͧѯʧ(š) СѨ4 ء ط ø ä ѹ繼ѹط ͧ 蹹鹡ѧԨԡԨ ¶֧ ʧѧ ѧյԴ㨡ѧ㹺ҧͧҧ ¶֧ѧ֧дѺѹؤ Ҩеŧҡҹ ҹѧçҡѳѧ索Ҵ ҨдѺʴҺѹʡзҤҹѧ֧дѺ͹Ҥ дѺʴҺѹ ʡзҤ ҧµͧ繨ԧͧ ѡɳ ФԴ 繤蹹 ͧ 繨ԧдѺ鹤ʧ㹾ѵäŤͧ ء ͹Ԩ ͹ѵ ͧԵ ѷѹҡ͹Ź㹾ѵ¨Դ ͹ҤǹҡѡѻҸ ෡Ԥ ͧԳЬҹ кͽ֡෡ԤͧԳЬҹҧ鹵 ֧ ͹Ҥը繨ԧҡѧ鹤ʧ ѧԨԡԨѧ鹨ҡԪ ǹ仨ҡԪ ͻȨҡԨԡԨҷ鹷 (աѧԵóطԭҳԴ) ѹ ѳҤ Ԫ(ѧѧ)ͺ ҹ ա 
          ͺظдѺ繼繨ԧ ١ͺӴµѳ Ҥ Ԫǡʹͧ ʹͧ⾸Ժؤ ¶֧ؤŷó 㹤سҾ駴ҹԪШó ѡçʹоطʹҧҧ繻ªš ط

         
"ж ԡ ԡѧ تйԵ تйآ šҹء " ԡط ǡͨԡ ͻª͡ ͤآ誹ӹǹҡ ͹š ͻª ͡ ͤآ (***ط/589) ѧ繵

          "ͺ͵ աý֡, ըԵ ջժع, 㹻 ҷ ᴹѨҪ" 
          "ҹ Եѹ 㨧 ش»С÷駻ǧ 㹻ҷ 鹨֧ ᴹѨҪ"
(***ط/722)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    
ػý֡ѡٵԡ

          繡úѡ ˵ؼФҧ෡Ԥ ͡÷лԺѵҧô ͡˹ѡٵ ѡù价Ἱҹ ѺôԹý֡µç Ἱҹзӡö˹Ѻý֡ ٻẺ Ҩ繡ý֡µͧ ӹ֡ 繵ͧռӡѺ ö˹Ἱý֡੾е·Ӥ֡ ԶշҧԷʵ աҧѨ˵ 繷Ңͧŷͧ ˵ҧ šԴҧ աôźѹ Ѻ ͧ֡ 繡ý֡ ö˹ 繡ý֡ ¢鹵͹ͧἹҹ ¤֧ѹҡ 

 



 

 

 


ػѡáûԺѵԸ


          ػ 鹵͹ͧѡٵä дѺ ôԹý֡仴ѧ

鹵͹ 1 дѺŸ 
          ÷õʹҷӡý֡ ԭҳлоĵԵҷүҧ觤Ѵ ѹ 3
(¶ѹ Թյ ¶Ҿѹ Թյѧ ¶ػѹ Թյ) ԭ ҹһҹʵ ҹ͹ʵ ͡ 觨Ե駫ҹ Ǩ 38 Сõѡ 38 С Ǩ š 10 ͡š 10  

鹵͹ 2 дѺҸ 

          ҸԴ෡Ԥ仹Ǫҭ§
1. ҸẺԡ ѧ ӵҧ觤Ѵ
2. ҸẺǹҾط-
3. ҸẺغ˹ ͧ˹
4. ҸẺ(ҹһҹʵ) ҳ
5. ҸẺԹ͹ǹغ˹;ͧ˹ẺʵԻѯҹ

鹵͹ 3 дѺѭ

1. ԹйҸẺʵԻѯҹ
2. Գ : Գ ҡʡԳ ⻡Գ ⪡Գ
3. ҹ 觬ҹҨҡԳ
4. 蹾Ԩóҵ֡ͧǢ͸ТԴջȹҸҧ  
    ԨóһǸԴ鹡Ѻͧ  

ʵԻѯҹٵ Ҵ¸˵¼㹻Ѩغѹ
         
[] ١͹ԡط ԡԡسٻٻ˹ ԭҡ觸 С ;֧ѧ ҧ ҧҧ˹ ѵ㹻Ѩغѹ ѧդִ ͹Ҥ С䩹 ԡ㹸Թ¹ 繼ʵѹ仵´੾е ͻѭѹ觶֧駢дѺ觸 Ԩó㹡 դӤѭ繢ͧԡ դӤѭԹš駻ǧ Ԩó §ѧ÷駻ǧ ١͹ԡط ԡԡسٻٻ˹ ԭҡ觸 Сù ;֧ѧ ҧ ҧҧ˹ ѵ㹻Ѩغѹ ѧդִ 繾͹Ҥ * (ûԯ ѺدҪԷ㹾кҪٻ Ѵ駷 3.. 2537 36 ˹ 263) 

 



鹵͹ 4 شѵ 

͸ش Թҧ Թ¡ҧѹ

ش 9
1. ѵ (ѭԡѧش) 
2. ԡؼͷçҺѧءѵ (ѧءԡѧش) 
3. ⤹ѵ (ءԡѧش)
4. Ҫѵ (ҹԡѧش)
5. 㹷ѵ (Ѿԡѧش)
6. ͡ùѵ (Ѫԡѧش)
7. ʹʹеҹѴҧѵ(¶ѹԡѧش)
8. ͡ù觩ѹ ʹѵ (͡ʹԡѧش)
9. ѵѹҶѧѵ (ػѨѵԡѧش) 
*(ûԮ 36 ˹ 395-400)

ش 13 
1. ѵ (ѭԡѧش)
2. ͺѧءŨѵ ѹ˺ն (ѧءԡѧش) 
3. ⤹ѵ (ءԡѧش)
4. Ҫѵ
(ҹԡѧش)
5. 㹷ѵ (Ѿԡѧش)
6. ͡ùѵ (Ѫԡѧش)
7. ʹʹеҹѴҧѵ (¶ѹԡѧش)
8. ͡ù觩ѹ ʹѵ (͡ʹԡѧش) 
9. ѵѹҶѧѵ (ѵԳԡѧش)
10. ͡èԡӴѺҹѵ (ʻҹԡѧش) 
11. ѵѹҶѧѵ (ػѨѵԡѧش)
12. ͨ 3 ׹ѵ ԡè繻 (൨ԡѧش) 
13. ͡âѹ੾зҡԳҵѵ (Գҵԡѧش )
(***طѤ ФШӤͺǪǾط 駷 3 .. 2521 ˹ 135-175)

 



ͤè

 

        ԡؼǧ 繼ѹɴ¨ Գҵ ʹʹ Թ㹡ԭǹ Ҥسҹ˵¡ (***ط/317)
          ԡؼ黯ԺѵԸ ֧͹ 訧͹ͧ ֧ѡ͡ѡ͹ 訧͹ͧ ɵͧ һªǹ͹ ֧Ǵ͹ Һҧ ˹ҡǤ ҡѺ˹ҡǵͧ Тͺͧͧ蹷赹ͧ ͺͧͧ ͧͧͧ¢ 
          ͻҡҡý֡鹷Ҷ֧ дѺѭ ѧ繷 ʴҾ鹰ҹ͹ Ը䢡͹ӡøشһԺѵ ԹҢ еͧաҷҹش зش騺ŧ¡Թҧ ͹㹾鹷ͧ蹷áѹ÷֡ʹе ҹҹ
(١ó ǧ ԡ 500 ٻԹҧ ͸ش ҡѴҸҵҪѧɴ仨ѧѴä дٻѵԢͧԻʹҡҹ Ҥҹ ǹҹԹҧҧ˴鹨֧稻ª)
          觡ԹҧŹ 繡 ԹҧըشѴ С˹ ж繧ҹѡٵաҹ˹觷Ҵ 騺ѡٵǡѧ繧ҹ÷ӵա
Ҩ稻ª ҧԹҧ ͡仹ʡ÷ҹ Ѻӻ֡ Фҡҹ ͡

 

 

 


Ѵ ͺ

 

 

          дѺ 

 

            Ǩͺҡ ѹ 駷ҧ ШԵ ǨԨѵûШѹ ʧաԨѵ 10 ˹ҷ˹кҷѧеǨͺоĵԸ 38 Сʹ ѧоĵԢҹ оĵҹ 38 Ǩͺš10 ͡š 10 úǹ

 

          дѺҸ 

 

          Ǩͺҡ ԡҸ ҹѧ ҡػҸ Ҷ֧ѧ ǨͺҡѻҸ ֧آ Ҹѧ (ҡҸԺ դآҸ) Ҷ֧Ե蹺ҧ ѧ 龺 Իʹٻ ҧ 


         
дѺѭ 

 

          Ǩҡ ѵҵǵ дѺ ҢǷ
1. ٻҹ 4 ٻҹ 4 (Ǩͧҧ з)
     1.1 ҹ 5 Ե Ԩ Ե آ ͡Ѥ
     1.2 ص¬ҹ 3 Ե آ ͡Ѥ
     1.3 ¬ҹ 2 آ ͡Ѥ
     1.4 صҹ 2 ມ ͡Ѥ ٻҹ 4
     1.5 ҡҹѭµҹ
     1.6 ԭҹѭµҹ
     1.7 ҡԭѭµҹ
     1.8 ѭҹѭµҹ

2. Ǩͺ´ Իʹٻ 10 ѧ

     (1.) ʧҧ ֡ҧԴҹҧҧҡ͹

     (2.) ҳ ºç ֡͹ҨоԨó

           ԴѴ

     (3.) յ Ժ ֡价Ƿ駵

     (4.) ѷ ʧ Դ֡ҷ駡ʧʹԷ  

            ͧԹ դǹ 

           дҧ ˹ѡ ʺ ͤӤҭѴ׹

     (5.) آ դآгյ´͹֡ҧ价ǵ

     (6.) ͸ ԴѷҧçһСͺҡѺԻʹ

           ԵդͧҧԹ

     (7.) Ѥ ÷СͺѺԻʹҫ觾оʹ 

            Թº͹֧ 

     (8.) ػѯҹ ʵԷӡѺѴ 蹤 й֧֡ 

            ֡֡ͧǪѴਹ͹ѧ件֧

     (9.) ມ ШԵҺº§ 繡ҧѧ÷駻ǧ 

     (10.) ԡѹ 㨵Դ㨷ҧԻʹ 

             ҡʧ آ 觤ԧ繵ѳҷ ´  

             黯Ժѵö˹Ѻ繡 

             (***ط/330.)

 


          ѧࡵǡѺõǨͺҳ
 


          ҳͤǡѺ ѳ ػҷҹ ԸաҪҹ Ѩ 4 ͧ ¤駹¡ 9 Դҧ 16 Դ ҧ 72 Դҧ ҧ ¡͡) ǴǧԻʹҡҹ ҹ¡ ʭҳ 


          觷繡÷ͺ 鷴ͺͧ ʭҳ ͭҳ 16 Դ ҵͧ դâ ҳԴԴ鹡Ѻ ͵öҹ㨤¢ͧ ʭҳ ҧúҧ çѺҾ繨ԧͧ Ǥö§˵м Ѻŧѹ ʹԷ ҨҡûԺѵԡҹѡٵù ʵԻѭҵͧ㹢й С (ҳ ẺԪҡ ˵ռ ͧ ͧ繵ç繨ԧ) Ѻ ٻ੷ҳ 繵 ֧ ԾԷҭҳ Ҷ֧ѧ໡ҭҳ äҳ ŭҳ 繵 ա͸Ժ ͧͺͧ ͧҹͧ ҳ Դ çҳ 16 úҧ (ͨդ骹Դ Թ 仨ҡҳ 16 С 㹤¢ͧäŹԾҹ) ÷ͺͶ ͷ

 

 

     ʭҳ մѧ仹

     (1.)   ٻ੷ҳ ѡٻ 

             ٻ 繹

     (2.)   ٻѨ»Ԥ˭ҳ ҳ˹Ѩ¢ͧٻ

     (3.)   ʹҳ ҳԨó͵Ǩ

     (4.)   طѾҹػʹҭҳ ¡ طѾ­ҳ 

             ҳѹ繤ԴѺ

     (5.)   ѧҹػʹҭҳ ¡ ѧҳ 

             ҳѹ繤

     (6.)   µٻѯҹҳ ¡ ­ҳ ҳѹͧ

             ѧûҡ繢ͧҡ

     (7.)   ҷչҹػʹҭҳ ¡ ҷչǭҳ 

             ҳѹӹ֧

     (8.)   ԾԷҹػʹҭҳ ¡ ԾԷҭҳ 

             ҳѹӹ֧繴¤˹

     (9.)   حԵءµҭҳ ҳͧèо

     (10.) ѧҹػʹҭҳ ¡ ѧҭҳ 

             ҳѹԨó ǹ繷ҧ

     (11.) ѧ໡ҭҳ ҳѹ¤繡ҧѧ

     (12.) Ѩҹԡҳ ͹ҳ ҳѹ

             ͹Ѩ

     (13.) ⤵٭ҳ ҳͺ⤵ ͭҳǵҧ

             лضتѺºؤ

     (14.) äҳ

     (15.) ŭҳ 

     (16.) Ѩǡҳ Ԩóä

             ѧҧ㹨Ե㨵ͧ 

             (***ط/361-64)

 

 

3. Ǩͺط

 

    (1.) ط

    (2.) Եط 觨Ե

    (3.) ԯط 觷ԯ

    (4.) ѧԵóط 觭ҳ˵آ鹤ʧ

    (5.) ѤѤҳʹط 觭ҳ繷ҧ ҧ

    (6.) Իҭҳʹط 觭ҳѹ繷ҧԹ

    (7.) ҳʹط 觭ҳȹ 

          (***ط/360-364)


          ͧҡ㹡èѴº§չ ֧öʹ§çҧ¡ҧй çҧ ¡ҧ Ӥѭ§Ѻù任Ժѵҧءĵ Դ繻ª㹡ûѺا ç⾸ҵ д§ҹҧѡٵäŹ ѧѡѺاǨͺ зͺҧԺѵ´觢͡ʵ Шѡŧ˹ѧ;(Թ๵) 仴
          ͹ þԨó֡һСͺѹѺͧ "лٻûͧʧ价 ? ûٻкԡ"ҡ ˹ѧ;(Թ๵) 20-23 www.newworldbelieve.com ҵṺҾ ǹǡ.


                                                  ԭ


                                           (оѺ ڭҸ)
                                        çسزйѡҪ

 

 

 

 

 

 ѡٵä

Ҥǡ

 

 

 

лٻûͧʧ价 ?
 ûٻкԡ (͹ )

 

 

          óҡѧѧҨ ˵㴡 ʧҨöԹôҹ ûٻ֡ҡ͹ ¨Ѵ֡ԹиԹ ֡ҵѡԡ (ä 8) ѧ

 



 1. ԡ

            ͧѴǴ ö͡ŵ͡ûоĵ ͧʧ ҨҡèѴԶժԵШѹͧʧ ͧѨ 4 -ͧ Գҵ-ááԹ ʹʹ- ҹѪ-ѡä ѡɳТͧѹɢ äչ աҧ١Թ Գҵ ááԹ ͡ ͨѴûا اͧ ѹҹ ԡػѨਡؤ֧ááԹ ֧ͧ纵ع ʹʹ ֧觢ѹҧدԹԹ·˹ ֧ǧҧǧ 蹡ûдѺд 觷¢ͧ ͧ ͧ дѺ ҹ鹡Ӻѧ Ш ͧдѺõ Է ÷ȹ Ͷ ֧觢ѹʹ ҧ 觡ѹǴ Ǵöҹ˹ ǴҨ ǴҹӪ 㺪 Ǵͧͧ 繵 
          ҹѪ ѡäѡ÷ҧԺѵԡ繻ª 鹡ûͧѹҡҡѡ 蹤;ҧҧ ŧ 駡Ш ԸաЧѺ¡ûԺѵԴҹҸ ԻʹҪ繻 ҡ 㹡ѡҵ кҵ ع 繵 
          ѡ֡дѺ ҡŧ 2 ѡä
֧ѧʵ 1 о֧ ѧ ʵѧ ա 1 2 ҧ ԷԾ˹Ե еͧѴкԵШѹѲʧ 蹵Ǩͺ¶١Թʹ ǹѹѺ š ͧѡ÷ 2 ѡù (ʵ Ѻ ʵѧ) ֡кѭ֡ҷءдѺ ͧ¡èҡҧ索Ҵ (ͧ ѡШ㨢ͧԡʧѡ¹ѡ֡ٻ) ¡Թ ͡ҡмá֡ ѴкѵûШѹ ŴСúáԹСáҧѵŧ ѴкѲླ кʹԸ 㹷ҧŴСԹͧ ͧͧҧ (Ѩ 4 Ѻʧ١ Թ) ͧǹʧٻŧ кѹҡ кѴʧǹ˹觢ͧѧ ͧѲѧṺ蹡Ѻѧ Ҩ¡ҡѹ ੾ʧ¤ ͧѴкûҹ Ѵʧ öԹԹ äŹԾҹ͹ѹ µͧҧѧ ҧѧͧ 
         
Ѵеͧ褹ҡҧ˹ҷҴ ͧѴк͡ùԹ¶١Թ ͧѷ ѷ㹡õͧоط ѷ㹡 ѷ š 繵 ¨ѴкҸó êͼ ͧҡӺҡͧ ͧЪҪ ͧҡ ջѭҢͧѧ ͻѭҤҡͧѧ ѧ Ъ䢻ѭǹͧѧТͧʧ ¤֡Դǹ ֧Զշҧҧշ١ͧԶշҧиԹ ͧǡ 觨ռ㹡¹ ءѨ ҧҺ 1 㹷Ⱥբͧоط ѧԸաôѺҤҷԵѳͨԹҡ觡Եŧ ʧ㹵˹觡ûͧ ͵˹ 繵Ǣͧͧҡ ͡ ͧ֡ԡҡ й ֧㹵˹ ҤоѧҸԡ Դ仨
ʹԵҧءѹ ԩй Ӥѭ˹Ҥ ҡԹ仡ҵ˹ͺҷҧ֡ԡ ֡ҵͧͧӷҧͧкʧ ੾ҧ ֡Ҩеͧӡûͧ ¨еͧҧẺἹ ФǺԶշҧûͧ仵ẺἹ鹶
         
к ѧѴʴиȹ͵ҧ ١Թ觢 èṡǹ ǹ˹繢ͧʧ ǹ˹繢ͧغʡغԡ 蹺ҧԸաäè繢ͧ ÷Զշҧͧʧ ͵;иԹ 繵ҡȹѭ Ҥ ȹ§ ᷺ҨТҴ㨵 蹷Ҥҹй 繵 ҷŻԹʨ зա 繡Ԩͧʧµç й ἹҹѲ觪ҵ ŻԹͧҵ ҨͧáѺСԨѹ ʹͧԹʧ 繡͵ʧ͸Թҧ лЪҪǾطҨѺ͹Թ ͷǹ㹡ػӨعк ʧ ŧ蹪觷ͺ¸Թ 繡ѡ繴֧͡ó 

 



 2. Ҹԡ

          ͧ繡Ԩ繢ͧʧԧ ͧѴ͹ùҸ ÷ءٻ úǪ ਵҧ ¤֧¹ҸԡдѺ˹ дѺѧǹ鹡
дѺöҸ ҸдѺöӡҨʧ Ы觨öӨԵʤآҡʧдѺҸǹ˹ ءѹùҸ 觹Ҩͧ Թ¢ͧҷ ͼ˭ ء·ء੾ȹѡǪз ҡҴ¹͹ ҡػѪҨ ;ѧҸԡʶҺѹоطʹҷ ҧҩ
          й Դûٻǧʧ Ѵ֡Ҹ õͧèŧ㹷ءѡٵâͧ ֡ҢͧءʶҺѹʧ ͼҹ÷ͺҤԺѵԡùҸ ֧ж稡֡ ŷҴ¡ ѡٵùѡ ­鹵件֧­٧ ѡٵáͺػѪҨ ͧա¹͹ûԺѵԨҸҸ ֧жҼҹ֡ ͼҹͺѡٵ ͧ ʶҺѹ㴢ͧʧ þԨóҺèغؤ˹ ҵ˹觷ҧûͧ ˹觷ҧ֡ ˹ ҤоѧҸԡ÷ءдѺ ˹ ¡äʧ ˹觷ҧ֡ ͹лѵԸ ­ ;кѳԵҾѲ лѵԹ ˹ ٺҨ ؤҡ ءءٻ Էʧ Է оطʹҨеͧ Ҹ Ҹ ԩй鹡Ҩç˹㴷ҧ֡ ͵˹ ʶҺѹ㴷ǡѺþоطʹ ֧ҹԺѵͧ֡Ҿоطʹҷա 繵ͧҸ Ҹ ѹͧ ա֡ҵԹ(ԡ) ˹ йѡȹѡ ҡö ҸҸ Ѻ觷ͧͧ 繻觾ʹ 訴ӤӢͧҾٴҹ դ駨ԧµͧ ֧ԷԷоٴȹ»С дѺͧûͧ٧ ҡվдç˹¢Ҵԡ öҸ Ҹ պԨóһŴ͡ҡ˹ еͧ ֡ҺͧҧҨ 㹴ҹ֡ҷءдѺ ҡöҸҸ Ҩ稡֡дѺ͡ ˵ؼͧ ý֡ѴԡдѺҸԹ 觷Թ ҡ繢ͧҧǴ Ѻä׺仵·ԧ觾оطʹ ä Ծҹ 
          ͨѴкʧ ͧԡ дѺҸ ѹ¢¡֡ҸԹ͡仹͡ʶҺѹʧ ç¹ Է Է ʶҺѹҧ ءʶҺѹ ʶҺѹͧ ûͧ дѺҵ еҧ дѺѰ Ѱ ѴзǧŧҶ֧ ҪдѺ¹ ١ҧ Ǥ èҸ Ҹ дѺѰ觪ҵ ز Ҽ᷹ɮ Ҫԡ ء ҨҸ Ҹ ءҵ ءʹ öҸ Ҹ ѡ¹ Ե ѡ֡ Ҩ ҷ¹֡ҸҸ繡ѹǷءǤ дѺҸ Ҹ 觷Ҩ֡§´§Ẻҧҡ оطٻ٪ 駾зҹҹͧ §蹢ѹ仺 ء ͷ ¡ҸҸ繹 龺 ʧҨʧ ʧ 觤آԧҧ Դ˹ѹͧ鹢ͧä آѹ԰͹Ծҹ (آȨҡҤ ѳ͡)
          ÷йҤԺѵҸԡ ҸԹ觨繵ͧ繡͹ 觷 Ҥ㹡ѺҤ¹͡ ٻѺ ûԺѵҧҤͧ ҡдѺҧشдѺ٧ش дѺԻʹҸ ҡҸҸ ҡҤ¹͡Ҥ ҡдѺҧ ԻʹҸ ͢Ҵоҹ äšҡк 
          ͹ ֡Ԩ¹ѹҤ㹢ͧؤ ѡҨӡ֡ ҡȨҡöҧҸ  §ԴҴҵҧ 繡˵ؼ觻ԷҾѺеͧҸԾԨóҧ´ ͧҡҧ´蹹ҹ ֧кѧԴ ö֡˵ؼŤ仢ͧҤ ҧ駪Ѵਹ Ȩҡʧ й еͧ֡ ö㹡ùҸ ҹ ҧ繸ҵ й仹ҹ 1 2 5-6 á ҧ觹 觷Ѻ÷ӡ֡ԨҤ ¶֧÷ Ԩ ѡ⾪ 7 ͧ ǹҴҧ´ҧ㹡èѴ֡ʧ ӹ֧ѡ ԡѹ繡֡ҵԹ ѡªªçþ鹷ء ֧èеͧ Ϳ鹢 Ѵء ʶҺѹ֡ ûͧʧء繼 ੾Ѵء ѹӤѭʧŧѹԺѵʹҡԨѴ ѹǹ繵 ʧ ûԺѵԡ繷ҡẺҧҵ ʧٻ㹷ҹҸԵŧʶҹСͺ ʹԨ š ѡ Դʧʧ ( ¡ѹ觭ҵҧ Ѵҧ й) Ҿ͡ҡдʧ 繡ý֡Ѵ Ժѵԡ֡ԡҢͧ੾еµçͧ 蹹ءѴءʹʶҹ ء˹ء 繡èشйǹûٻӤѭԴҧ  

 



          3. ѭԡ

         
͡þҡǹԭԻʹҸ ͡úǹҸҹҧ Сͺ 鹵͹ý֡ҤԺѵԸҹԴҧ ҡԴТ鹵͹ úèظشѵ (ش 13 Դ㹾оطʹ) ŧѡٵá֡дѺҧ Ҩ觷 蹹 ٻͧʧ еͧѴҷͧʶҹý֡ͻоĵԡҹءԴ 蹵ʹ͹дѺʧ 4 дѺ еͧʶҹǹҧѺèԭԻʹҡҹ дѺӺ ѧѴдѺҵ件֧дѺѹҡ 
         
蹤 дѺӺ дѺѧѴ Ѵʶҹѹǹҧͧʧ觷ͧ  ѧѴ ѹǹҧѺú签õǹ ԺѵԸҹҧ ͡ дѺҵдѺҡ Ѵطҹطɵâ觽֡ԭҹءԴ㹺þطʹ 繢ش֡Ңͧԡ 蹤͡úäŢش (дѺ ѵ) բʶҹѹ繷 ͷѻûоĵԡҹҧ ѧ ЧҹԻʹҸШТҴʶҹѹͷѻѹóһСͺ ػҡ͹ҹͧѡ֡һԭ͡šͧ ÷Ԩ 
ԷҹԾ鹨еͧ¹ͧ͡¹ ҡͧͧ㹡¹͹ 㹡 Ԩ öлԺѵԧҹ¹͹
          ǧʧѨغѹ ءҵ ء ҡöдԹ ֡ԡ ѹ 繡֡ҷçԹä 8 觾оطʹ 蹹 ҨöЩشͧ þоطʹǷҧբ 繢鹵鹢ͧûٻûͧẺʧ㹡ŵҧѵѵ С֡Ҩй˹ҡûͧ СûͧФԹԶշҧиԹ觢 ʧоطѷԹҧҡӺҡ§ դآդѧʴ ͹ äŹԾҹҡ軯ԺѵԸä 8 ¶١ͧ
          ǹ繻ѭ㹻Ѩغѹ ͡ûͧʧ ǧûͧͧʧͧѡ Ŵŧ仵ӴѺ ֧ж١ Ͷ١ѡ صҶ Ǵͧ蹡ѹءѹͧ Ǩ кûͧʧ Ҫ ҢعŹ ͧ 繵ǻѭҷ ạеҧ ҧѹŴ¶ŧ ֧Ѵѡ Фԧ
ҷҹ ءڢ ạͧ͢˹ѡ繤ءš ùԡࢻ آ Ѵͧ˹ѡŧ繤آ ԡڢԻԵ ا Ѵ駢ͧ˹ѡŧ ͭڭ ͹ҷ ԺҢͧ˹ѡԹѹ蹢ա ;ھ 繼͹ѳҢзҡ Ԩک ԹԾھ繼觻ö ѺʹԷǹ (**ҡ صڵҶ) кҢعŹ˵觷 š 4 繵˵Тͧʧ ѹ˹ѡش ҷҧŧ ҡй 繢ͧª зҧäŹԾҹԧ ֧ͧ躹ѡ÷ 㴷 ͵äŹԾҹ Ƿҧʧͧٻ ͧҧйŧ طѷ 4 ͧ ¡èѴк蹢ͧѺй ᷹ »Ŵʧ¨ҡѹ繢ͧš ҧշش㹾оطʹҢ ¶֧ѧԾҹ觢 
         
й ʧ֡ѹ 觢ѹ ҧ 觡ѹҵ˹觵ҧ ѡȾСѹ 繧ҹ˹ѡ仨ʹԵ ҡзҧäŹԾҹԧ 蹹ѹо鹷ء ´ªԵѡǪ蹹٭价駪Ե طͧçй ѹ ҨѺŸѹ԰

          ҧá ֡дѺѭԡ ͡ԭԻʹҸ кʧ ءѹ ҷöҧջѭ дѺ 繾鹰ҹ 蹡 Ҩö֡ҡҹҧԴ öѡҴҹ еͧöʵԵҷѹҹԴҧ ء öʵԷ˹ҷ¡ҧ ҹ ʵԷóСѹʹͧѺԶäŹԾҹ͡ Ҥ ѳ 繵 ʵԵԴ â ʵԷó 鹰ҹҸԷó Сѹ¹͡ ҹԴҨӨѴʪԴ ˵ع ʵԡз˹ҷӾʹͧԶäŹԾҹʹöҹԴҵͧʹ 
          й дѺ鹵鹹 ʧҨѡѡ ѡ÷ ѡźա仨ҡ 繵 ҡ仡ѡ繾鹰ҹѺ¹дѺ֡ԴҡûԺѵԡԳԴҧ 觨й ͬҹ ¸ҵԢͧѹ Ѵ ͧ ͹Ѻй ҧҹѴͧҵԢͧѹ ҡԳ ý֡Ӻ ҧкԶժԵШѹ Դ ֧ʵᵡԧ ͡   ѵ觡 й鹨֧ͧǺ ѡҹҡԳ׹ 

          Ҩػ ǹ֧ͧ黯ԺѵдѺѭԡҡʵ ТͧԵ㨵ͧ ʹ ʵԻѯҹٵ¡ Եҹػʹҡҹ ѧҡ 鹡 ҹԴҧ ֡Ѵ¸ҵ ҹػʹʵԻѯҹ ͧ 

*** ҡ ˹ѧ;(Թ๵):ǧŢҹءҤШѧѴ˸ԡ 20 .. 2543) 

 

 

 

 

 ٻûͧʧ价 ?
ûٻкԡ  ( ͹ 2 )

 

 

          Ӷ     

   

          ó ҡѧҨ˵㴡 ʧҨ

          öԹôҹ ûٻ֡ҡ͹ ¨Ѵ֡Թ

          иԹ ֡ҵѡ ԡ (ä 8 ) ͸Ժ¢

          ¢ͧ֡кԡҵ仨ҡǷ Դ 

          öѺѡӤѭ ǻѵ Ժѵ лǸ

          觡֡кѴਹ

 

 

 

         ӵͺ 

 

          к֡ҵиԹ ԡҹ к֡Ҿѹ駾طѷ 4 Ǥ;ʧ֡ԡ ԡعա֡ԡ غʡ֡ԡ غԡҡ ֡ԡҾѹʹҳ ҡѺ طѷ 2 غʡ غԡ բ͡ӨѴ ֡ҡҾԡ кͧоطʹ˹ͧСͺóͧ֡ ٧ش еͧЦ þԵ ȢͧþԵԹ ҹТͧѡ֡ҷó ءҧѺ֡ҷ繼 ¹ԡ óԧ ʶҹз繹ѡ¹ Ԫԡ µͧȺþԵ кҧ͵Ѵǧѧš ʶҹФѹɢ ҵáâͧк ҵá 仵дѺ鹢ͧ֡ á ҵðҹ仡 èѴáѺѨ 4 ͧԵ ѡ֡дѺԡҨҧҹŧ ͧ㹻Ѩ 4 ҹ кʴ ˹ҹ繢ͧطѷ 2 غʡ ѺغԡҷѺش˹عѧѡ֡ й к繹ѡ֡ԡҷó ¡š ҶȺþԵ иԹºͺѧѺͧѡ֡ҧ觤Ѵ к˹Ըշҧ 蹹 ֧ѧ¢ͧ֡ԡҤ ä Ծҹ ѡҨ ਵѹͧк ҡѺҡҧͨҡͧǷ· ѹšԧ 蹴 ਵҧç֡ҵѡٵ Ԫ¢ͧԡ§ҧǹ  

          й ԧ ;طѷ 4 ҧ˹ҷԷҧó ѹ㹡֡ԡ ¾ԡʧºͧҡ١˹˹ҷ㹡֡ԡµç çѺ Ǫ -¹ 㹺þطʹ ѧ˹ҷµç㹡ôçк֡ҵԹ¹ö͹ǵ ա¹֡ҵʹ ҡ㴡֡ԡ٭ŧ ¤ þоطʹ 鵡 ա֡ҷóͨйӼ֡ѹ٧شͧоطʹ
          ҧá֡кԡ աûԴ鹦 طѷ 2 誹͡ʹ㴨зӡ֡ ö֡仾 ѹѺ¾ԡʧͧ ҡѷ͡ աͺ֡ Ǵͧ֡ҷ͹ҧѺѺ͹ Ҥдǡ㹡֡ ҡӺҡ ͧҡСóеҧ ͧ ҡ繡ûԢͧ駻ǧ ѷ 2 غʡغԡ Ҵ㹡֡ ֡ԡ ó ʺ ֧ͧѡѴ Сҧ ѹ¢ͧ繦ʹŴºҧŧ ԴдǡͧѡѴ֡ԡ仵͹䢢ͧó ࡳҵðҹ觤ѡٵâͧԡ ö稪٧شͧѡٵԡҤ͡úäдѺѵǡѺԡؾʧ 
          й ¡ҽ¾ԡʧ繹ѡ֡ ͹ѡ֡Ҥԡ ǹغʡ غԡ 繹ѡ֡Ҥ Ҥ ͹͡ҡ ͨػҡѺʶҺѹ֡ҽ¾ԡʧ͹ŧԷ Է¸ʵ ʭҵغʡغԡ ͹Է
˧ Է⢷¸ҸҪ  
          й кԡҨ֧١١Ҵ੾н¾ԡʧҹ ҡطѷ 4öԹ仾 ѹ ֡ԡ仾ѹ ੾еҧբººԸա֡ҽ¦ʭҵբº ٻͧк ͻԺѵҨԧ кºѡѺ繢º˵ؽѹ÷ҧǴӤѭ ͹ѹ ੾ҧк鹶١¹èش´ 
          дѺ᷺Ҿطѷբºѹ㴡ѹҡѡ ¦ öش͹ ¡÷Ӻحӷҹ ҷ᷹ 
          дѺҸ ᷺ºѹ 㹡ý֡дѺ дѺö ӨԵʧ ˹ ö÷ ʧٻẺ˹ 

          дѺѭԡҡǡѹ öӤѡ÷ҧɯѡԺѵ㹻ѭԡ ʡöԺѵԡҹ ԭԻʹҭҳҧըӡѴ͹ѹ Ҩ˹ԶժԵШѹͧͧ§ѡǪ Դѹ ѡѴͧѨ 4 Ǻ筵ԸغǡѺԡʧ仡 
          Ҩ ҹ ҪǾط·ءѷ 4 ҧö֡ԡ֡ 仴¡ѹ繻 ԶժԵШѹѲ֡Ҿоطʹ» Ҫѧ ʧ 鹡֡੾ҧ ¡˹ѡٵ੾ҧ ѹ§¡ǹ˹ǹǢͧкԡ ͡仨Ѵк֡Ң Ӥѭк੾йҡԹʹ ŷҧ֡ԡ к֡ʧԴŨҡԡ ӤѭѡٵҹҡԹ觡ҵк ԡ з ҹ Ѻк֡ҷӹѡ֡ŧ仹͡ҧäŹԾҹ Ѵ֡ͷ鹷ءäŹԾҹҧ  ըش·ʹͧþоطʹҷԧ ҡҵդسҡԭ ҡСȹºѵ ͨҡ­ ˵ѺҪʧ ѡѡҧ ç˹觵ҧ ҷҧäʧͧ ͷҧš շҧ Ҫվҧ ҧ¼ʾ è٧㹡֡ҷԧ֧բк֡੾зҧѧǹ ҡè٧㨷ԧѺ繡 ٧ дѺšص ҧš 繤ŷԹͧš ֡蹹 ֧ç ͧ֡ҷԧͧоطʹ 繻ѭӤѭͧкʧ㹻Ѩغѹ 
          Щй ûٻ֡ ֧Զշҧ䢻ѭҤʧµç ¨еͧ鹡֡к ԡҡ鹨ѡͧ֡Ңͧʧ سҢͧԡ٧觡ҡ֡кʧ ФͨеͧԨóҡ˹ѡٵá֡ԡҢ ͧʺӺҡͧҡաҡ͹¤Դҡ͹ ѡٵԡҤèҧѺѧؤ Ҩ֧ҨͧԨóҡѹ ԡҹ ͨ繵ͧٻ鹿٢ ÷ͧӤѭ úҧ ֧ öӹѡ֡٧شͧþоطʹ ä Ծҹ
          Ҹ ѭ ԡ ǹ鹷Ƿ ǹ ¹Сý֡Ѵ (ԡ ¢ͧ֡ ¶֧੾Ҥɯ ¶֧Ҥѵ Ժѵ лǸçѺ¡֡ҽš ¶֧
¹Ẻ֡Ѵ ¹¹к ҡ¹¹кǡẺ֡Ѵ ͽ֡ѴԴ⨷ѭҷǡѺ¹Դᵡҹ 繡¹ɯǹ任Ժѵ ֡Ѵ ⨷ҧ Դᵡҹͧкͧԧ ) ¹Ẻ֡ԡҷ繾 طѷöӤн֡Ժѵ仴µͧҧ´ Ҹ дѺ褹¹ҨлԺѵ ûԺѵٻẺǷ Ҩ ʧŧ дѺ٧աý֡繾 غ෡Ԥͧ͢鹵͹ ͧ 㹢鹵͹ Ժѵ 㹢鹡˹ҡ繵ͧغ෡Ԥ㹡ûԺѵǡѺ дѺѭԡ
          ѧҡ֡ 3 㹡֡ҢͧŪͤءҧա֡ԡҴ¡ѹ 駽¾ԡʧн¤ʶ蹡ҧкԡԶժԵШѹѲѺŪµʹѧ繨ҡѹҧѴѺҹ դԴѹµʹءͧǷءóջѭ ͧ 仨֧ͧ੾蹡èѴҹԺѵԸҹͧʧ ѴѴ˹觨Ѵ鹡 оʧҹ鹷㹡ûԺѵԸҹ ҡغʡ غԡ 觢Ǵ Цʭҵǡѧ Ǫնʶ ѵõҧ ҧ ҷҹ Ӻحӷҹҧ աèѴ˹ҷͧФҧ蹪Ѵ ʹͧѹҧ 繸ҵ ԡҨ֧ѴкŪ֡ԧ ԶժԵءҧҧ繡ͻª֡ԡҷ ੾ԶժԵШѹ 觷¡ ԺѵԢͧʧԶժԵШѹ ԺѵԶժԵШѹʹͧԶշҧԡҷء ҧ ԡҶ١ ͧԶշҧԺѵŴ¶ŧ Ѵਹ㹡֡ԡ Ŵ¶ŧ ˵Դ¹ŧ ʶҹóҧɰԨѧؤѧҡ ʧкѷ 4 Թ仵ԶշҧԵѭ 㨼¼ ¹ŧԶշҧǾط仵ǵҧ 仵ԷԾŢͧԶշҧԵ ˵֡ԡŴ͹ ¤Ӥѭŧ ԶժԵҧѲ ¹ŧ 㹷ҧʹѺʹع֡ԡ 

        лѨغѹոҧҧͧԡʧ¹ŧ仵

ԶժԵͧѧؤ繪ѴਹӴѺ͸éѹѵâͧԡʧ »Ǿԡʧոéѹ㹷ѹ 㹷ѹ鹨лҴʹŧѺҺ ԡʧ ¹Һҡù觾Ѻº 繹觢ѴҸŧͩѹѵ仨ѵԨ ֧СѺҺ觾Ѻºա˹ 繸֡ԡ »Ծԡʧ͹觩ѹһҳ 1 ҳ ҷѡ֡ùҸ仴 ҧºѷ 2 غʡغԡҡҧԡʧ蹡ѹ 蹤 ж͸ùҸѺáѹ繾 ੾ҧ觡ѺѴ ÷ͨҡѵԨ 觹Ѻ繡èѴҧҴ֡ԡ 仡ѺԶժԵШѹͧʧҧ 

          ѴẺéѹѵâͧʧѧ¹ҧ˭ǧ ˵ҵաöѵ÷гյ ҨҡѵҤ繾 ѵҤáѴ¹кéѹͧԡ 繡ù觩ѹ ʧ觩ѹûгյ鹺ҸԡѺ͹͹ա ҹҤѹ͡ з觡繤ҹͧԡ дѺΤʢͧѡǪª ҡдѺʧ鹼˭ 㹡اͧ 㹾мѡе˹٧ ǧʧª աûЪ˭ Ъ鹼˭ Ѵ§Ѻ˭ͧҹ õ§èҡѵҤ÷ժ§ оʧͧ Ԩó÷Ҷ֧»ѭ ֧ա¹ŧٻẺʧҡЪ鹼˭ͧ ˹Ҫ÷ǡѺäʧѹ繽¦ʭҵغʡغԡҡ¶ҧ仵 繡þҼҭªҧ֡ԡ ҧ´ ʧ駻ǧ 仴· ´ 繤ҧ ҡù觩ѹẺ蹹 ֧ҨҾԨóҡѹ 繤ԧ㹸ͧʧ ҷҹդʧҧͻªѴਹ Ǫ¡ѹçѹѹͻª зԧ èѴ仵ʧ ẺѺͧʧ㹷ءͧ ͧ§ зء Ẻ ʧѡɳѹµʹ ҡաèѴ§˭ Ӻح§ѵâҴ˭ ҹҨЧŧҡ ҡѴᨧѴẺʧ ͻپ ҧͧŧ 繵ͧҨѴ Ѵͧͧͧ һ ǹԡʧ駹鹡зѵԨͧҹͧʧ͹觢ѴҸԩѹѵ ѡçѹͻªԡҧ ǡ͡仨ҡдѺʧ鹼˭ ѡ繵ҧʧ㹪ҹ͡ ҧ仴 觹ѡ ֧õͧպѴѺ 㹡ûЪѡ¹ѡ֡ʧ ͡èѴûЪ͡Ԩ㴢ͧͧ÷ҧоطʹ˹Ҫ蹡ʹ ǡѹ ҨоԨóҨѴáѺѭҹ١ʧ ǹ÷ШѴº¹ҴٹҪҧù鹵ͧ¤ԴԨóҨѴٻͧԨ ҡ繡ҧҤ¹ ҧЪ þԨó͡Ẻٻͧ֡ԡ Ѵ¹ ͧ¹ ͷЪöҺ¹ Ъѹ 繵 ͹ѡù ҷФӹ֧ԶժԵ֡ԡҹ 繷оԷѡѡ Ҽҭ ª˵ؼ 駹 ԡ Ҹ ѭ 躷¹֡͡ҷѡҨҡѡ дǡʺ ¤㨷ءԶշҧͷҷҧҡ͢ºҧ֡ءҧ ʹҢͧԶժԵШѹ ҹ֧˹ҧԶժԵШѹءҧ ª֡ԡҧ׹ ѧ繪Ѵਹ㹸Ժѵͧҧ ͧʧ
          㹤Ƿ ǷҧԺѵԢͧ Ҹ ѭ дѺ˹ ѹдѺ ͧ ҨЧ´Ѻ价лоĵԻԺѵ 蹡 дѺ оĵ 繢 Ҵͧ 躷 5
          ͷ 1 鹨ҡæѵ ѵ Ӥѭش͹ ҧ㹪Եҷ鹹 Ҩ ɷ٧شͧ鹡͹ Դ ô վФس蹴Թ ҿ ҡѵ þԵ ੾оʧ 繵 з Դ͡ŵͷҹҹ ҡѵ˭ ѵպحس еѧ ͸ҵԷ駻ǧ 蹪ҧ Ĵٷաҧ ѵĴѹ ѵҡ 繵 ѵҹͧ ͹ Ҧ 
          ǵ仡ҵá´ͧŧա ͡ҡ鹡æǵͧз 駷ҧ ҧҨ 㨷Դз ҹ Ѻء С Ţ͹ط ¶ͤ Եͧ ѡ ѹ Եͧ ҡѡ ѹ
         
ͷ 2. 鹨ҡѡ Ѻͧ褹ǧ˹شҹǧŧ ͧդسҷ駷ҧѵзҧԵ Ҿҡ觷ѡͧ仨ҡ ͤ ͧ ǧѹ ͧ ǧ蹹  
          ͷ 3. ҡժԵẺ 鹨ҡԴ ѺǢͧ Ѻ˭ԧͪ·Ңͧ ª觤С ҹͧ㹷ҧͺ ¤ӹ֧ɷԴѧҧҡ´ҹ 仡ѧͧ١ Ҿͧ蹹 ˹ 觪ء͹ Ҥеѳ ͺآ ѵԷǧ˹ͧ͹ͧͧ 㨤 ͧǧ ͧǧ蹹 
          ͷ 4 ͧѡҤӾٴ 4 ҧ Ӿٴˡ ӾٴҺ Ӿٴ Ӿٴ ´ բ ¶ͤˡͧ ͧѧˡͧ ѡˡҧ Ե֧С˹ վѧ ѡ դ ͶҨ ¡ͧ˭ 

          ͷ 5 ͧͧͧҵͧ ѺʾԴءԴ繵仨֧ ͧռ㹡úا͡еҤеѳ 褹

          ŷ ͡仨ҡ 5 ͹ 227 ͧԡʧҨҡ 5 ͧ СûԺѵԷͧ ûоĵԻԺѵҡ §ͧӤͤ ѵ 鹤ѵ ¶֧ѡҤӾٴ ѵ͵ͧ ѡ ŷء ѡ֡͡͹¡ѹ 㹷ش ͹ ǹ͹Դ纵´¡ѹ դҤѹ ˹ͤ ͹繷ҧ觤˹ ٧ Ҫ¡͹еͧ ѵ 觤Ѵ դӡ ˹͡ѵ׹ 
         
ЪҪͤ ªվѵ §ԧ ѹ¹ԧ繵
          дѺҡ ö͹ äŹԾҹ Ź Ծص¹ڵ Ҩж֧Ծҹ 繵ͧоĵԵ觤Ѵŷء 
         
㹰ҹͧþԵ ѡ˹ҷ ¨Ѵͧ Ѩ 4 鹡Ѻ 蹤ͪǺҹ Դ͡ҧ㹡ѡط ҡءѹ˹ҷµç͡ѹóлоĵطҧ ԡʧ ѡ͡ʹµ ѹ ѡ˵ؼѺա§ûоĵŵҧ 10 ѡ˵ؼѺ鹢ͷ 6 (Ѻԡ) ҧ ͷ 7 (Фÿ͹ӢѺͧ)ҧ ʹ 㹷شµͧ ·ػ·äŹԾҹ ֡ҧػѹէ繾鹰ҹѺä 
         
ҧ١ ͧ֡ ý֡ҧػŷط蹤ҧ¹鹡 ͧҧػ¤繹ѡ ҡ÷ºԹ觷԰ Զշҧú§ ҭ ШФҧԵ㨷蹤 վѲҡ㹷ҧ觢 դ㹤 繹ѡ觢 觷֡ԵẺ֡ѴӤѭ ֡Ѻͺآ ҧ Ѻ ͺآ 4 Ҫ Һѵ ͺآ 6 Ե ¨ҹӡçҹ ǡҧ׹Ǵ١ 蹡þѹ ҹ طѷ ԡ èеͧ֡ѴҪ ͧ蹵Ǩͺ ҪͺآԵ¡дѺ秢 աдѺ˹ Ѻõѡ 10 227 طҧա 
         
㹡ѡط ҧ駡繵ͧغѹǩҴСͺ йǡ ѡоŢͷ 6 -7 غ»Сͺ ٺҨ ͧ ͡ غԸաõҪ ԴǢ ᷹ҡ Ѵػ´Ҵҡ ҹ͹ ֡ѡ èԹ 21.00 . ҧ֡ ͪӹҭ㹡ô ѴԹҡ᷹ 蹡 ͡㹷 ҡȺط һҡ׹Թҡ㹷ͧ Ӥ֡Դ ѧ׹Թ÷Ծ Ӻ ػ ҡöԭ ҳһҹʵǹ Ѵ͡ӹҭѺ ͡繹µ öҧԤѹ ҹҹӹҨªǷ ö駵 öѡط 
          蹹 Ф¾͡ٹ㹵ͧ դҤ㹵ͧ仵ӴѺ դԴ դ繹ѡդӹҭõ غԸաҡҪ觪㹴ǧ Ըշѡҧ˴ʹҧ¡½ غԸա÷ѡ׹Ѵ觪㹴ǧ 蹹˹ 㹷شöؤͧ 繨ԧµͧ ѨӤѭ 仢ͧ¡´»С㴡 ա ǡ ԧ ҾԵ㨵ҧҡ ҡҾԵһгյ öǺѧѺѭҡ份¡ ֡ԴС ԴоĵԪǡФسҾ㨢й ͹حҵ͡÷ҾԵ㨺ͧ仹ͧ 
          㹢ǡѹ ´ç 㹡ͺѹطͧ 㹤س ШԵ觺ѧѺѭ Ҿ秢ͧԵ㨷ҧҵʹش͹ سҾ索ҴҴ 觹 ¶֧駴µͧѨ¡
Ե繹 繺 ؤѨ鹵 к 

          ⹻ؾھڤ ʯ ,
          دహ ʵ õ
          ءڵ ڡ ڵ

          Ҿ֧͹ ˭ Ǵ 
          Һؤ㨪 ٴ () 
          Фǹ ءؤż 
          ب͵ ͡ й.
 
          ( *** 稾 ç˹ѧ Ԩó 2501 ) 

          ͼҹõѺͺآѹ ʧҨöѡط ¡ҧҾ秢˹Ҿ ҡ 蹹 Եԭҳط Шͧ繴ҸԵǨͺ 繹 ͹ ͸ ͹Ѻٻѹ繡ͧ͢ա˹ ¹ҪԵ ӹҨ ӹҨѧѺѭٻҧºҴ ͹ͧҧ ҧԾǺФǹйӾһԺѵطء оһԺѵǹ Ե㨨ѡûоĵԸ Ӥѭ ͧоطʹ ੾ҧ 38 С оǨͺͧդú 38 §˹ Ҵͧ仢㴺ҧ غʡغԡ ö ѡ 5 -8 طոҡ աسҡ շҹԨҤҡ ѡ 10 ط դӴ ըԵ͹ դиҡ 繾ԡ ѨдѺ öѡž 227 Ժó 繼ǹ㹡ûоĵԸ çѹҡ 
          дѺ٧ ¡ ҪԵ 繼 ѡ ҨԵ㨹ͧ繼ѡط дѺͧöҡѺä Ծҹ öäŹԾҹ öӹ ҡҧҴͧ طźԺó ѹ¶֧ԵҴطԺóҧ öäŹԾҹ 

          ػ㹺¹ дѺ 觷ͧӡ ѡŴ¡ еͧ֡ѴõѺ ҪФ¤ ػ繹ѡѡú Ҥͧ 繹ѡ 繹ѡú úʧ ͹ Դ鹷繡 ʺ ѡͧءҡӺҡͧ蹨Դ㨼 ͡ѵ Ѻ
ͧ͡ 繤ءͧͤءͧ ѡ ҨԵ٧ 
          㹢ǡѹ¤ѵ ͧͤ ªվѵ ͹ Ѵз 
˹͡ѵ׹ 繦 շҹԨҤ٧ (Ҫ¡鹺ҧҧźҧͫ触Ҩ) աѡʶѹӤѭҧʹѹԴ͡ûоĵԸ դ觤Ѵ٧ աԨѵ蹡Ǵ Ǵ繻Ш ҷ͹حҵͧ¦੾е  
          Ѻ ԡ ˹ѡºҧԺѵҧ ѡ繤յآ º Ҿԧ÷ Ҩѡ¡дѺ з˭ ҪԵ 繼 繹 öҧ 繡·ԾҴط͹㹡ա˹ ʴѧӹҨºҴФǺѧѺѭҽ¡黯Ժѵ觷է 㹡ͺҧҧ 繤ͻС¡õ٧ҧФ ӹ֧Ҥ份¡¨ѡҧ §͢ŧ ǹͼ ʧʹŧ ʹ㨷 ʹҤСҵҧ
          ¶֧ѺäŹԾҹ ҹʧͧͧ й蹡¤֧ѧҸԷԴ ѵѵ Դѹҧ ǡѹҧšѺ Ҹ Ǥ Ѳ 觼ŵ͡þѲҸ Ҹ ;Ѳ 觼ŵ͡þѲŴѵѵҧҾǧ оѧҹ¹ͧ͡ջԷҾ㹡çҹҧ 
          дѺ 繧ҹ֡ԡдѺشʹ 繻Ǹͧ èѡؼдѺ ֡õҧҧ µʹԵ ֧ѡö稼شʹԡҹ 

          Ҹԡ дѺ ûԺѵҡùѡ ѺáԴ׹躹׹š ù (͹㹷Ҹ) Ҩ ʧ ֡ʴµͧҡҹ Ҩ ҹ ҹ ҡѡʡѺըԵ㹢ͧ ͧҤҤ¹͡ѺҤ дѺ鹵鹹 Ҥѹʧ о§اҤԺ ԭ͹ѺҧҤ¹͡ ͷӡ Ҩ ʧ Ҥ ʧŧʢͧʧ آҡʧҹ蹺觺͡ѭҳ Ҹͧ ѹдѺ鹰ҹҡѺ·ء
          дѺ˹ ҸԨйҹ ҹʧͧҸǹ ҵá ҵáҡԡ ѭԡ 繡ý֡Ըҵáâͧ Ҹͧ繡ý֡秢ͧҸ੾ غ ෡ԤͧҸ 蹡úԡҶҵҧ Ǵѵµͧ ý֡ҳ ҳһҹʵǹ Թ 繵 дҹʧͧ 觨ѡ繾ѧҹͧҸԷӤѭҡѡ кѴ ҸԨҧͧͧѺѡ¢ͧԵ (ѡ ҨԵǵҹý֡شʹͧԡ ѡ㹹Ҥ) ¡ ѧԵ ҹҧѧԵ繢鹵͹ҡ дѺҸԡҨеͧҧ觹ҡ͹ ¡þ֡ѴҸԵ غµҧ һСͺ 蹡͡ ʶҹ Ѻ֡ѴҸ 㴷Ǵӹ ӹҡ ʺ ʶҹʧ Ҫ 繵 ѡ㹡ҧѧԵբ سҾѧԵѡᵡҧѹ سҾ ͧ鹷ͧä Ե㨹շѺѡ ö ҨԵ (觷¡ͧ ) 仾ѡ ٻҡ Դ˹˹ͤ´ҡçҹШѹ ҨҸԨԵ Ե仾ѡѧԵǨѡ¤¨ҡ˹˹ ¨ҡ´蹹ٻªҧ ѹ »ԢͧмӹҭҸԷ ҧ觹 ֡ѴԴӹҭ ͵ͧҸ Ҹ ¤ ҨԵ仾ѡѧԵ ػ͹Сҹӹҭҹ ⤨仾ѡ㹶ʺ¹ͧ 
          ҧͧѡ觨ԵѧԵ ѡ繧ҹӤѭҹгյ дѺ Ҹԡ йҾҹ鹹֧Ѵ դҡФèѴդҡдѺҧͧҸԡ ͧ¢ͧѧԵ 蹤 ǨѴӤҴ ѧԵ 繷ѹʺ ѧҡ ѧԵͧѧѡöѲաҧʴ÷ش ¡ѧԵ ͡仨ҡ¹͡ 㴡㨻öҢͧ¡ٻѧԵ仵ҧ дѺͤسҾͧҸԪ٧觨ѡҤѭԡҧ ѡ繾鹰ҹӤѭաѺҸԡҪ٧ ͻԺѵԧҹͧѭԡҺҧԴ ҧѧԵ ѡ繧ҹͼҹõ дѺشʹͧ ԡ Ǥ 觹 ͸Դ ⹻ؾھҸ ҤǺ¡索Ҵ ѡ㹡ҧѧԵ ШҹʧҡԡҧѧԵ鹷ѹҧ ֡ҸҶ֧дѺ٧ش ѡö䢤Ѻͧҡʹҡª
         
þѲҡ˹Ҹԡ ԧ ѡ仵Ф 蹤ҸԨѡ¹ʧѴ鹨ҡ ԡҸ ͹ ǾѲҡ˹дѺػҸ ǡ˹ ѻҸ 鹷ҧ ͧҸ 仴¹Եҧ ҡ Ѻ ԡԵ дѺԡҸ ؤ˹Ե дѺ ػҸ лҤԵ дѺѻҸ Եҹ觷觺͡ ͡ԷҾͧҸ ͡˹Ңͧý֡Ҹ 仵ҧ ӹѡٺҨ͹ִԸҸ蹹 ١зӹԵ蹹 ͹ ѹ ˹͹繹Ե Ẻ˹ С˹ͧ Դͧ ֡Դͧ Ҩй֡ԴҾ âѧԵ ҸдѺʧѴ Դ鹷ѹ ǡ蹽֡ ҡԡջԷҾ ԴͧԵèЪѴਹҡ ѧࡵҡ¹ŧҡ ؤ˹Ե (Ҿ觢Ҵ ҧ ) 繻ҤԵ (Ҿ͹ǢѺ¢Ҵٻҧ仵ҧ ) դö㹵ͧзԵԴ (й֡ҧԵâҡ鹷駹ǹӤѭͧҨҡþѲҤسҾͧѧԵ鹴 ѧԵ㹹ͧҹԵ ѡѵʹҴ ҡѧԵ§Ե¶֧سҾµç) ǤǺԵ÷ҹѧ Сͧʹءʹҹ ˭Ȩ ѡԪ Է աҢ˹ Ԫ - ʵ öªҡҸдѺ дѺ繪ҡشʹͧ Ҹ Եõҧ 㹤Ǻͧ ѭҹԵ÷Դ鹹 Ҩҡ˵ ҧ ˵мšѹҧ Էʵҧ ôźѹҧ (Ͷ֧ҴŧԴ˭ 繹ԵᴹԾҹŧԴҵ ؾѹǴ˭ǡ֧ó 价 ˵м觡ûҡҢͧ Ե 蹹 Ѩ٧ش繵) ѡªдѺ ѭԡҧջԷҾ ੾ҧ ͡Ѻ觡Գҧ ҹ֡ѹҨС¾ѹѹ ¶֧úä ¾ѹͧСͺ鹨ҡԡ Ҹԡ лѭԡ ҹҹѹоʹ (ͤ´ͧҸԡ ô '' ʹѴ' 'Ҵ Ѳҡ ˹ѧ; Ш͹ ..-.. 2542 ˹ 11 )
          дѺѭԡ дѺͧ鹵ǡ͹ ֡ѡɳЪԴͧҹ ֡ҹҧԴ ö㹡äǺҹҧԴ 蹷ǧ ػѪʧ к͡ѷԡͧ ѹػ ѹźصҷǪͧ ͧ ѭҹ ѹ ( ͡Ẻ͹ ) ѹ (͡Ẻ ) 觪·ºǪ Թѹ ѡɳСҹͧ ԶժԵШѹ ѧࡵ ١¹ŧ ͧ觷 5 Ѻ ҧ ʡöӡҹ仾Ԩó Ҿѡɳ Դ鹡Ѻҹ ѧࡵ 쪹ԴԴ鹷 Ե㨢ͧ 쪹Դ Ǿ֡쪹Դ觾ԨóҺ ػ ѹ˹ѡɳѴਹ駢öش ҾԵѡɳ Դ ö͹֡Ҿ Դ ش ҾҹԨó 㴡ѧ㨻ö ¤öͧҸԷҹѺ Գ ֡ҧաѡ˵ٹ觬ҹԴ鹢ҡ § §ͷеѴѹҹ Ҩظ§ ¡ҹǴáҵѹػ
          дѺѭԡ ֡дѺ繡ý֡Ѵ֡ҧ ҷѹԴ鹷ءдʵ ͧٹóʵԢ ѡԴº㹴ҹѧࡵҧ´͹ ¡쪹Դ ԴռŵͨԵҧ Ҥ͡ѧ¤ Դ Եҧ ø ѹ ԴռŵͨԵҧͧ´ ԴռŵͨԵҧ 繵鹡õ觷Դҹ ʵԷ§ 繪Ѵਹ§ дѺ ͧѭԡ ֡ Ҥ ø ŧ 繾 繤ѧ¨ФҨҡ͡ҹ ٹ觡ҧ 㹢ǡѹ ֡Ҩҡ Ҥ 繤Ŵŧ觡ҧ
          дѺ٧ҡ еͧ֡Ѵҡ ֡ԴҡԳҧ 㹡ù еͧ֡Ѵ觡Գҧ 㨤¢ͧԳҧԴ Գҧ ҹ ҷ ҡʡԳ ҡҧ ⻡Գ 觹 Գ Ⱦ Գ 3Դ դѹѹѴਹ Ǩͺ觡ѹСѹ ԳԴ ͧ֡Ҷ֧ѹѺ Գ ѹѹҧ ֡ҡԳԴ ͧ㨼ŢͧѹҨªҧáԳҧԴ ⪡Գ ѡ´ҹѧҡҨŧ֧Ѵѹ֡ ֡Ҿͻҳͨ繵ʶҹó ͡ ੾зռŵ֧äŹԾҹ 3 ҧ 
ѧ繵
          ԸջԺѵҧԷʵ ҡʡԳ 价㴷Ҩͧҡȡҧҧ 蹾鹷觡ҧ˭ ˹Ҽ٧ѹ ȹҾзͧǷȹҨѧʶҹҧ (蹼ᴧ غҪҹ) ѴҧѴҹ਴٧ 5-6-7-9 ԧ ͷҡʡԳͧ ʧѡǪѡѡ͡ªҡ਴ҹԧ ѧ ҡҹҧҹ ҧ稡Դеâ Ҽҭª 觹׹觡 ѧҧµ ҧҡ µ仨شࢵ ҹ觨ҵðҹ⻡Գ 觹 ֧ ط зҹҴҪ ҧзӧҹ觴ٺ ⪡ԳѴ¹٪Ңзѵ ѵ ¹ ˹ ԳԴ ǡѹ Ըա觡Գͧҡ ӵ¢ͧ ҡѴѧࡵзӺ öءԶժԵШѹ 
          ¹Ẻ֡Ѵҡç ç觡Գ ͷӡԳҹ ͷ ԳԴ㴢鹡͡ѺҸԡдѺҧ дѺ شʹѻҸ ͧ Թ仼ҧҷͧѻҸԡѺŢͧԳԴ鹾ѹѹ˹ѹ ǡѹ йԴͧԳ ⻡Գ йŧӴѺ з 繹鹪 ж͹͹㹡㨨Եͧçҹ ç ҹ仹ҹ ( ͹¡Ҭҹ ) һѭҨᵡҧ ѡɳ ʹҡŨѡ ѹؾѵ ֧Ծҹ ҡʡԳ зӤ ҧʢ 仵ӴѺ֧ ѵ ҧ͹ѵ Ե㨡ҧ仡ѺǧԳҧ鹹仴¤仨ҡѵ ͹ѵҡ价Ƿ駨ѡ ֧ѵ¤ҧ ҡʡԳ ⻡Գ ûҡªѴਹѺդҹ鹰ҹ Ҹ ѧ ͡ Գѡ Сŧ 令͹ҧѴਹ ѧࡵ ͡ѺҸԪ٧ҡѴਹ ҧջԷԼŪѴਹ з觺ҧ §Թ㹻Ҫѧѹ鹾Ըա¡öؼŢͧԳͧ
           㹷 Գ ͡÷ ҧ Գ ͡ ͡õͧ˹觴µҢͧ ǹҹ ҨԴ쪹Դ㴪Դ˹觢 ͧʵԵѹ ¡ᵡҧ ѡ Դ ¸ҵ 繵ͧͷӾԸաѹ㴡 öԺѵԶժԵШѹ ͧԺѵԴ١͹蹷ǹ 觨ѵء дѺ ѵء͹ ҡʡԳ Գ ѧǢҧ (Գա誹Դ ֡ ҹ 40 ѡٵùѡͧʧ·Ǻº§͸Ժ 稾 ) Գ觢 Ź 軰ҹҧ ص¬ҹҧ ¬ҹҧ ش֧ صڶҹ ͬҹҹջѭҡӡѺѡɳ ҡŨѡ ä㹷ѹ Сúب֧еͧк ڶ ҳ ͻڭ ڶ ڭͬ (ҹѭ лѭҹ ) ֧ͧԺѵԷ ʧ¾طѷ4 èеͧ֡ѴоĵԻԺѵ繹¢ͧǾط
         
дѺѭԡҹ ҡӡҹ Դ 蹨к͡ 鹰ҹ ͹ ͧ鹰ҹ 秢 Ҹ ͧдѺشʹͧ شʹͧҸ õǨҹ ǹҵԨѵ 10 件֧ûоĵԵԶժԵШѹ оĵԸС§ 繵 38 С 蹵Ǩͺһоĵ§˹ 繵 дѺѭԡ ͧöǨͺ ҡҾ鹰ҹŧҹ ǨҡдѺѭԡͧ Ҩ秢ҳһҹʵǹ ҧ зӤѭ øش Ӹش 13 Сҹ ѡ繾ѧ˹عͧؼ øش ;ٴ֧øشͧ觡êС¶֧㹡ûоĵѵúҧҧ繡óվ оطͧçѭѵ 13 С 觻СͺӤѭͧøش طҹ ֧ ͧҺ ѺἹطҹطɵ ѺԺѵԸͧ ʧ੾ ´ͧشѧ觷ͧ͸Ժաҡ ੾иش 13 Ѫԡѧ ͡ùѵëὧѹ֧ԡªԵ ûоĵԸش͹еͧ 鹰ҹ㨾Ŵռ¢ͧش쪹Դ͹֧͸ɰҹ͸ش
          ͧѡԡ ͸ԺººѺѡ⾪ 7 դ §ѹҡ Ҩѡѹǡѹͧ Ǥ ⾪ 7 鹤ѡͧ Ҹ ԡ ҡ⾪ ٻ੾ҧ ͡ûԺѵԷٻҡ 㹷鹤Ͷ ͧ Ҹ ⾪ 7 çѹѺ Ҹ ԡ Ԩ ʵ ⾪ 7 çѺ ѭ ԡ ǹ յ ѷ ມ⾪ 7 ѡɳ觬ҹ ( ٻҹ 4 ) 繼ԴҨҡ¸ҵ ෤ԡغԸբͧ 觡Գͧ ҹ鹨ش׹ յ 㨻ѷ ʧ͹ ѹ ມ ҧ 繡ҧ 任Ȩҡͤ ⾪ 7 ҹѡ֡Ҿѡ 3 繰ҹá˹ҹ֡駵
          áԡҵ͹ 繡áдѺӤѭдѺûԺѵԴ 觷ѡʾ 稤ͤҧŴ شó٧شжªԵ֡ԡ繨ԧ騧 ҡҴ Ҵشóŧ 鹷ҧ й鹷駾طѷ 4 ö¹ ԡҷءдѺ ѨӡѺʹ令 դʹءҧ֡ὧ㹤ҡԺҡ дѺԡ Ҹԡ ѭԡ Ф鹺ä ʺ͹㴷 ҹѡҵԴѧҨ´ʴâͧͧҹաҡ.

*** ҡ ˹ѧ;(Թ๵) 21 .. 2543

 

 

 

 

 

 

 лٻûͧʧ价 ?
ûٻкԡ (͹ 3**)


Ӷ :-        

             ó ҡѧѧҨ ˵㴡 

             ʧҨö Թôҹûٻ֡ҡ͹ ¨Ѵ

             ֡ ԹиԹ ֡͡ҵѡ ԡ 

             (ä 8) ͸Ժ¢¤¢ͧ֡ кԡҵ 

             ҡǷ ԴöѺѡӤѭ  

             ǻѵ Ժѵ лǸ觡֡кѴਹ ͹

             ҡоҧѡٵѺ֡ԡ

             ੾ Ǥըش͡úä

             ºؤдѺ鹵ҧ ѺʴҺѹ仨֧٧ش

             ;ѹ ѡҨѴҧѡٵҧ ѡٵ

             дѺʴҺѹ èҧ ѡٵдѺ ʡԷҤ

             ҧ Ҩҧ觷ʹҹ 

             ѡͶ ŧҧ仡ա ش

             Ԩҷԯ ?


ӵͺ :- 

 

          ¢ͧкԡ ͸Ժ Ըա غ ෡Ԥ ʹ дѺ Ҹ ѭ ͡ŴС ҡ ͻԺѵ ֡仨ҡ˹Ѵ Ҥеѳ 仨ҡ͹Ф 仹͡ҧ˵͹СѴ㹷ء ٹ ٹԵ㨹ѡѡúʧҨҭ㹡áзӤç㹡áзӺһ ٧ ҧѭӹ֡٧ ٹѧ Թҡѹҧʴ Ҷ١ͧ Шѡ繻ª͵ͧ 黯Ժѵ繼Ѻ سչ鹵ͺ᷹
 
          蹢ʹͧ
դҴҾ褹¡ ҡѺ 繤ءҡӺҡͧѵ ءͧͷءͧ ͻԺѵԶ֧дѺشʹͧ ѡ龺͡дѺ˹觷仨ҡ͹ҤеѳҺҧԴ դ¶֧úä дѺʴһѵä 繵鹴 Ҹ ҧѧԵ ͡Ҩѧ;ѡ͹ҧԵá 繡çдǡ觡պҹѹشóա ѭ ջѭ Ѩ觪Ե ҪԵդ繸ҧ ѡ龺ҧ仨ҡҤ ѳ ѭҷѡɳ ѡɳ ʵ ҹ Գ Ң仡駢дѺ ѺдѺšص 鹷ҧ šص ¡Ѻšա 觷ҧҧ˹ѹ鹷ҧ٧ʴһѵä ѹ ᴹ٧ش ѵ 繨 ǷءԴ仨ҡԵ ö ط ء֧ԧ ø ͹Ծҹ
         
觷褹ѡ ԧ Ҹ ѭ äԸʹҹ § ͧ ͡駷ش觷ء͡úäҹ Ҹ ѭ ԡ ä 8 ͧ ҡԸաҹ ҡ¡繪ѴѡѨ 4 ¡͹ø 鹷ء ä Ҹ ѭ §ͧ ط ͵ѳҵҧ ͷط ä Ͷ֧ ø դҧǡѺ 鹷ء ء ø͹Ծҹ֧ѹ٧ش¶֧Ե㨷仨ҡʷ駻ǧ 
         
ԭ 蹪 ͤѹ˭ ٧شšоطʹ ͤԭ 蹪 ͤ 㹤觡ͧؤ ѹ繤ǡѺҤ ѳ ǡѺ駾仨ҡԪҢԵѧ 繤ǡѺԾҹ šص 
ѵ ͤؾѵ ѹؤ 鹷ء ҡ褹ҡ㨤ѹ԰ԧͧ觷ǹ ¶¤ӷԭ Ͷ¤ӷ蹪 ѷҹ ж¤ӹ鹡ѡ繡 Ѩ ҡؤ㴡 ѡ 㨤¢ͧä Ծҹ ӴѺ㹸кѧԴ赹ͧ
ػ͹Թҧᴹآ šص ѧҧ Ҩʤآҧ ͤ ͺؤظͧ ʴһѵä ѹ繡úض֧ࢵᴹҧ šѺšص ؤ ʴµ֧ͧӤѭ ԰ آͧᴹšص 鹴µҢͧͧ 㨢ͧͧ  繡੾еԴ (ѡ ڨڵ 㹸ڤٵ ѹ繼Ũҡҹ Эҳ ѹ繹㹢ͧкؤ) ػ͹ʼµͧ ֧ʷԧ µͧй öآ֧ͧö 繤ԧѧ 繤ѹ ԰ آʧͧԾҹšص ѹդ觡 Ш ԹҶ¤ӷԭ 蹪ʹ ¢ͧšصᴹԾҹ Ȩҡʹ鹡ͤ¢ͧ ¢ͧ ش Ҵ ҧʧ Ф¢ͧҾԧ ШѡȨҡӹҨҼ١Ѵա 繼駡ԴҢͧԵ 仢ͧԵ Դ е ʹ ѷԸ 駾 ෾ 駷ءҧȨҡԨԡԨҤͤʧ㴷 ȨҡǫԪ ֧¡ ʹҼ оطʹ

 


         
2 Ƿ ҧѡ÷ҤɮлԺѵ ҴԡѴਹ дѺ 鹡 оĵ鹤ǵҧ ѹ繤һ ʹҡ˹ ͡ 繢Ѵਹ Ф §ͧ㨻ԺѵԵç úǹ ʹҨ֧բ鹡͹ ء ʹ Ѩš 㹷ҧ繸 è͹Ѻ价ҧ٧鹵ͧ¡ش 蹡 ҡз ĵԡŵš ѹ繾ĵԡѡ ¡͹ 5 㹾оطʹ 繨ش鹷еѡԹ͹ǹҧšͧ٧ й ͡úؤسͧ٧֧ ͡ ش 仵š͹ §鹡áзӵҧ ʹҺ͡úǹҹ ѡ繼Ŵբ дѺ˹ ѺʹҾط ش ѹ¡ Ҷ֧Ҹ ش ѧҹҧԵͷнͧ٧ա ӹҨ;šѧҪ Ҷ֧ѭҡ¤Ҿѧҹᵡ͡ ʧҧ觤 觷«͹Ԫ ͤ״ҧ Դͧ ͤԴ Ҿ 鹨ҡèͧ ҡýѧ ҡ Ѵ㴷 Ҿҡ Ҥ ѳ Ԫԧ (դآ Դ鹨ҡþ仨ҡ ҷ آо仨ҡ˹Ѵ㹡 ҡ Ҥ ѳ ͧءҹҤеѳա դآҡþ仨ҡҡ ҡѧ 繼ѭҵҧ 繵˵آͧء·駻ǧ 繼ȨҡԵѧ Ȩҡ ءԴ ֧Ҿ˭) 
          㹡еҧ ͧԡըش ͡˹ԶշҧԺѵԷٻ ҴöԺѵµͧ ˹鹵͹ҡûԺѵͺؼԧ ¢ͧԡա˹ 繡ҧѡٵá֡ԡ ٻ ͻª㹡֡ҾҵäŢͧ ҧ 价ǡѹ ֡͡µͧѧѺѡ ͹Ȩҡʧ㹷ҧԺѵҧ

          дѺ鹵鹡 дѺ Ҩö 3 дѺ
          дѺ 5 ͧ ѡ֡͹ѡǪ㹾оطʹҨ ͧоĵóúǹ 繻੾е ͧʵԾԨóҧѴਹ ء ء ǹ غʡغԡ öѲҵͧдѺ ©ҴѴ ҡзӡԨͧ»ԡöҷҹ 繺ҧ ͡ʾ ҨöԺѵ úóء ѹӤѭҧоطʹҡҷҹ 5 8 ǻоIJóǢ 蹪 1 ѹ 1 ׹ҧ 3 ѹ 3 ׹ҧ 7 ѹ 7 ׹ҧ § 1 1 ҷ طԨԧ 繪ǧ ҧ 繵 ¦ʨѡ͹ ¦ Сó ҡͺ ֧Ҩѡط͹ѡǪ ʶҹйѡ֡ԡѹó¾иԹ й ʼ֡ ԡҨеͧ ᷹¡÷Ӻحӷҹ ҹ ҷ᷹§ ش§͹  öԵ㨢ͧѡ֡ 駽¹ѡǪЦʹ ͹¹ŧ 蹤 ¢ͧдѺԡ ͹¹ŧ仢ͧԵ ػ͹ҧ еͧմԹһ ͹¹дѺ
¡͹ ֧¢ٻͩй ҡ¦ ҨѡŤúǹ ͧ ҹ Ҫ ӷҹҡ ¶١ͧ حԧ Ъǹ躡ͧͧŧ мŢͧҹ鹨й ͹¹ŧ仢ͧԵǡѺ й ҹʧͧдѺ鹹鹡 ѡ ͧ龺 ͹¹ͧԵ Ҥ͹¹ ҧ ѡ ͹¹ ѡ Һдҧ ѹ繷ҧ͡ 2 ҧ Ѻ٧͡鹷ҧ٧ ͡͹¹ ѵѵ ͹¹ͧԵ ѹ¶֧´͹عͧԵ (ҡоӤ ա˹ ¶֧ µз駻ǧջԷҾҧ٧㹡á蹡ͧ ҡ¹͡ Шҡ͡¹͡) 觨дѺ鹰ҹ Ѻ÷Тٻͧ Ҹ ѹ繢鹵 ػ͹ªҧ 㨴ҡõմԹ´ ͹¹觨 ͧáҧҴ ͹Тçٻ  
         
й Ѵ Т鹹¢ͧԡͧ͹ Ե㨨繵ͧ͹¹ŧͧǨͷͧԵ ǨҺдҧҧ 㹴ǧԵ 纤Һдҧ ͡ҡ㹴ǧԵ͡ ͹¹´˹ǡѹͧ觨Ե ػ͹ͤǵ͹ͷӢҧ ҡҡͧͧ͡ѹ鹡駵 駨͹ǡѹǹ ˵ع ҺؤŨѡ 5 㹾оطʹ ҡԸաú筵Զշҧͧ 蹪ҧʹ繵 ҡԸաú筵öӨԵ ͹ӨԵ͹¹ Ȩҡҡ Һдҧԧ ¶֧ ¢ͧԡҵѡоطʹдѺ˹ ԴѺҹӤѭдѺ 蹡ͧҹͧдѺ٧ա ҹͧҸԡ лѭԡ 
          дѺҧ ѹ繼ŷͧҨҡдѺ ѡҶ֧㨤 ͡ 㨤зѵ ѡɳТͧѹ ѹѹ¨Ե ֡ ¤Դҡ ͧѡ зҹҶ֧дѺ ѧҨԵԴѹҡ зҨպҧ ͺҧҧǡ͡件֧ѵ Ǥء ҹҦһا ԡԹѵ ѹѺзҹѧѵ᷹÷ҡ蹹ʴ繼Ţͧѡ-ҹŴдѺ˹ ҡ蹹鹡ػªͺͤءҡդ͹٧繼蹻ʺ¾Ժѵͻʺء оҪ 繼黡ͧ ҿ ҡѵ ҳһЪɮ·Ƕ֧ çصԸ Դҧä դԴա դ ·ҹ٧ "ҧ §" ͼԵ§ԵԺʶҹ 褹 ѧ Ȫҵ ǹ繼Ҩҡҹʧͧ-ҹ дѺ 繵ҧէ ԰蹹ҡѡһоĵ-ҹдѺ ؤżç дѺ ǹ繼 繼ӻª ѧǹ Ȫҵоʹҷ ֧Ѻ繺ؤżҡš ѧþ٪ҺؤŻ
         
дѺ٧ дѺçźط ҧ դ´͹ ÷ä ¡Ǩա ⹡ ⹡աûоĵŴ ֡Դǹ繡šлȨҡԴ͡šԧ դط㹷 зѺ Ҥ㹨֧طͧ觡·Ծ ͹ٻ ԧ§֡ҡ͹ ѡ֡ԡ еͧ֡ҸԡдѺ˹觨֧ö ͧзӡùٻ ֧ ·Ծҡ (ͧ Ҿ 繪Ѵਹٻ) С·Ծѡ˹ҷ躧ýٻ·ءҧԴ鹢ͧ·ԾԴ鹨ҡûоĵ觤ѴҵӴѺ оĵ дѺ дѺҧ Ҩ֧дѺ٧ ա·Ծ鹡 ¤ ⹡ط Դ㹷ҧ ѴԴ͡ 㹨Ե Դ ԶժԵ ѡ仵ѡ ⹻ؾھ ʯڰ ҧǷ ÷繡·Ծͧͧ ö觡 㨻öդءзŧ˵طҧ¡ͧԹѺԹ оĵԤյҧԴ 繤㹵ǵ赹ͧͧ Դҷ Դʹء㨢 鹷ҧԵҴդس٧  ûоĵԵط 觷ʹء ջþѡͧ͡ Ҵط õѺ ҪФ ¤ 觷ʹء Ф˹¡ ʹء ÷ػäҡ ʹء Ҹ Ҹع ͸ ѹ طԵ ҧʧ õ ͤ 觷ʪҵ ѧԵ 觷跴ͺ ɢͧԵ ͡·Ծ ͹ ͸· ǧҤآ Һ㹤Ը úؤآ شó٧شͧԵ 㴡оĵԵշش ١ͧش Ҵش ͤشóشͧԵ С÷Ҽ ˭§ ¶֧ 稷˭§ ͤسҾͧдѺ٧ش


         
ҧá о شҡ繷شдѺ٧ ҡ 鹹ͼҹ鹢鹹 ¶֧ á蹡ͧͧµзդ´öѺҹ дѺ˹ͧ¸ҵ ¼ѵѵԢͧ ¶֧úäдѺ˹ й ´ҵҺ֧ ŻѨغѹ þоطʹ㹻¹ ʧǡǹҡǹӤҡþǹͧԡҹ Ǥ ҡѡҤطҴ ҧ ͧ繤оĵѹѡ 觡Ҩ¢٧ ͡ Ժѵ 㹡ԨͧҸԡ ѭԡҡ軯Ժѵҧ蹤դͧ 蹹ҹԺյҡöҨԵ͹¹ŧ ҡҸԡ лѭԡҡԴͧ ҹʧͧǹ˹ ѹ˵ Ҹԡ лѭԡ дѺ й ʧǡ §㨻оĵ§ҧ Ҩͧ෡ԤҸԡ ෡Ԥͧѭԡ Ҩöҹʧ件֧úä繾ºؤŪ٧ش 㹢ǡѹ غʡغԡ оĵԸ٧ ෡ԤѺú͡͹ҺҧСá »Сá ¤ҡѹҡ Ҹ 觹Եҧ ҧ Թ ҧ˹ ҧ˹ͺҧ 觾Ԩó͡ غ˹ ͧ˹ͺҧ Ԩó ѡɳ Ըաõҧ 仺ҧ ͧ컯Ժѵ觷¡ҸԺҧ ҹҧ ӤóдѺ鹰ҹ ʹдѺ鹵͹鹰ҹ ͧѲ-ҹ ó оҧáҡ ҡ繢ͧԧͧ ӡѺ ͧ͡¡ҡ ԸջԺѵԸ㴷Ҩ ҹ µзҨͧʬҹͧ çѡѭԡǡͺ˵ؼ觡úظ㹾оطʹ


          ֡дѺ ѺʶҹФ繹ѡ֡ó ʶҹТͧѡǪ㹾оطʹ öçóúǹ ŢҴ Ѻ 5 仨֧ 227 Ҫԡ 4 ѧҷ 13 ͹µ 2 еͧҹ繻¡͹ й §ԺѵԵẺླʧʹҷǪ úǹ ԧ ҧԧ ҹʧ Ӥѭ 㨨ԧ þҡõҪ觪㹴ǧҹ ֡ҧҹ֡ԡ ҹ´͹еͧҡҡ ͧ仵ӴѺ鹵͹ ö оĵ ç١ͧ ·Т鹵͹ó ؼ稢ҧ͹ ҧ仨ҡ֡ҷҧԷʵ ʵͧš ҡҧҡ㨷 ӴѺ鹵͹ ǹ úǹ ѧԴ ҧ»Ըʧ 繾кǪ еͧ ػ¾ػѪ͹ 5 ֧˹˹Ӿѧͧ ҷ˹ 5 չ Ҿ÷¹ԶժԵͧѡǪ鹡͹¹ѡԡͧ ͧ˵ؼзҧԺѵԢͧԡ 駪Ѵ оͧ
١ŧ㹹 Ũеͧԭ͡й Ҩ еͧ¹ŧҡ ػ¦ ػ¹ѡǪ ͹еͧ֡Ҩԧ ѴǺҹա ͧ˹ҢͧҶ١ѴҴ Ҷѧ5 á 㹺ҧѴ ͺҧӹѡ ӹǹҡ ػѪҨѡդ դöҧԺѵͺäŹԾҹ ҧɮաӵ Ҩػäҧ ѧ觾طŹ ʧ ǹ ѹ Ԫҷ ҹ稡ǹ¤ ҡդ㹸ԹͶ çਵ öӾѷԡ оĵԻԺѵԸ 觷ʹ 5 ͡ùӾһԺѵԡԨѵõҧ ʹµͧ 蹺Գҵ§վ ¾١͡Գҵ ˹ 365 ѹ 365 ѹ ŧʶ Ǵзѵҷѵ ˹ 365 ѹ 730 Ǵءͧͧ蹨ͧҡԴѴ ҡǪ͹ Ŵ §ҧ١㨡͹ѹ áҴҹ਴ ˹ 365 ѹѴҴ 365 ѹ ѡҤҴ ͧҤͧ ⡹ ŧ˹Ǵ Ѵ ͧ һʡ աԡҺ лԺѵԤٺ Ҩ ȹҺѵ ੾ҧ蹾ԨóһѨǡз 4 Ѩ 4 Ѩ ҧ СԨѵ÷ҹ˹ ͧ ෡Ԥ غ·ҨԵ зѡԻʹҡҹͧ ͤ ͡ٹҴ ѡѧࡵº Ҩѹżŷҧä Ծҹ ء ҡԡҾ äšҨŧء ֧ ͧ á ѧԴºѡԵ¡͹ Ǩ ͧ蹵Ǩͺŷ227 ط Ե㨹͹¹ŧ ѵ ͷµͧҴ͡Ф¾͡ٹػ¾鹰ҹͧԡ仵ӴѺ ѡûоĵԸѡ͹ѡû١֧ѧҵ黯ԺѵԸͧ٧ ͧͧ˵ؼҧѴਹҡ÷ 鹰ҹѹó ǹ÷Ҩ ;鹰ҹѧ 仾Ժѵ㹸ͧ٧ ѡ繡Ҵҹ ѡ繡þҼҭ觪Ե й ͧͧͧ鹤ó¡͹ оѹ û١ŧ㹨Ե㨨еͧø͢Ҵ ͹ӵ 觨еͧôӾǹԹ 蹡ӨѴѵپת¡зҧ 蹡ô ͧӷءѹ Ҵ 騹ҼѡתͧҨԺ˭ Шͧ ԡ ֡ 3 äŹзԧ¹Ժѵ еͧ֡ѴԺѵԵоĵԵҧ ѹѡɳСٹҧͧ дѺŹ͵ͧӵͧ㹡ͧ ͺҹʧͧŵӴѺѧ ֡º ´͹ҧ դط 蹻 վѧ ط ǨҾͧѡǪѡԷ Դ㹤֡ͧ 褹 ֡蹹
          й дѺԡѹ繺ѹ䴢á §õ㨻Ժѵѵҧ繻 Шѹ仵ʹҷҹ˹ѺػѪ ҹ öؼش٧شͧ ҡҨػѪ黡ͧӾһԺѵԶշҧ -ѵ仴¡ѹ ҹʧѺԴǡѹ Դ鹴¡ѹ й ҡѧ§ ضت Ҩ繢Ҫյ˹ ѡ §㴡 äռŹԾҹҺ úѵáѧҺ ÷йӾ١Ǫѷԡ觵оĵѵ仴¡ѹ ҢҴõͧ 蹨ªѹ˭ еͧ ¹¹ ҹ֧¡
"͹" ͵ҧ繡ҳԵë觡ѹСѹҧ դ֡ԧͧ ͡觪ó ѵҵ繹繹 շԯҹҵ繪෾ 鹸 ͪ鹹鹪鹹 ա ֡ ͹ ҹ
         
ѺػѪͼ黡ͧ ҡػѪͼ黡ͧ繢Ҫʧ èҪʧѡ͵ԶշҧäŹԾҹ äѺ½׹ػ ШзԴ㨼ԴӤѭͧ ûԺѵԡ з ͧҪʧ ѹͧšй ǹ˹ ػä 觷մԶշҧä ШԴźҧѹ㹤سҤ Ҥ + ѺҤ - ҹʧѺäŹԾҹա ûԺѵԸҹоͧó ͧ˵طաѡźźѹʹ蹹 觼 ˵ԭһªҧä öػǸԡ ҡѺԵҧդ˹ ءзѺ ੾͡áѺҢͧ ѳ Ҥ ԴԺ㹻 ͧطҪ ءС Ҥеѳ 㹨Ե ( зԵѧҤ ҡҧöҾ ѧդö) ѡѺբ ֧дѺѹµ; ( Ҥеѳ ѡ١¾ѧ ҸдѺѧҴ µդҷŧͧ 㹾СҹŴ¶ŧ ˵Ҥеѳҿ鹢ҷѹ·ɷء赹ͧ 㹺鹻 ˭ѹ˭ص춹ҷ駪Ե)


          Ѻ 礧¹Ẻʧ ͻоĵ - ѵ Сúح÷ҹ 5 8 ûоĵ ҷ Ҩ繪ǧ 蹷ءѹ ѡ 5 8 úǹ价ءѹ 繵 㹷 觷ʨöоĵóèѵûШѹ ѵûШѹͧʡ͡Ԩѹ֧˹ҷͧʹͧ
ʼ黯ԺѵԸеͧ˹ҷѺԴͺó Ѻ Դ-ô - ص-Դ - Ҩ-١ Сз ˹ҷçҹ 㹵˹觷ѺԴͺ еͧó ҧá ؤ¹˹ҷӤѭС˹觢ͧʼоĵԸ è˹ҷ㹡§ ص-Դ ҵԴ ʾԴ ͺآ --Ф͹ ͹ӵҧ ûԺѵ˹ҷͧó Шҹʧ Ѻ ҡ ص-Դ¤ ҡѺҴûоĵԸ· ѵó ֧ӺحӷҹóФûоĵҢҴ ҡ÷Ӻحѡҵ ÷繻Шѹ йѡ֡ԡ Ӻحѡҵ жբͺͧдѺ鹰ҹӤѭ  С÷Ӻح ѡҵ Ѵ ѧ Ẻ֡Ѵ鹵鹷ش ͧѡٵԡ й ҵ ;ԡʧûФͧҵ͡ԡҨ ѡ֡ԡҡ͡ 筷ҹͻª觵 й͡ 繪Ǿطչͧ ТͤѧѺ ÷ӺحӷҹС ͵ͧӺحӷҹ١Ը ҷӼԴԸ ҡӼԴԸ Żªҧҹ ä ÷ӷҹ١Ըա ÷ӷҹ¨Եҧ »ʧ좨Ѵ觤˹㹨Ե㨵ͧ еͧѡѧࡵҡ÷ҧԵ ʨԧ ҡ÷Ӻحӷҹ ѧԴŹ鹵ͧ繡úҧ˹ѨЫ觨еͧ ѺԵ㨵ͧ ͧաúѹҧ㨷 Ѻ 㨷 繡ú¤˹ 㨢ͧͧطԵ ҹڨ طڸڨ ҹ ҹСú ͡ѹ Ӵ¤ԧ ط ѧŵͺ᷹㴷 ѧҴԴҨҡ÷Ӻحӷҹ зӤѭӺحӷҹ حѧ㨢ͧӺحӷҹ 


         
÷ӷҹ»Ԩҡѷҡ͹ 繤 ͧ黡ͧ ٺҨ ͹ѡǪ ͧ͢ؤ 价ӷҹ ԨҤ ҧ 繵 仡ѡӷҹ»ѭ ѡ͡ҹҹʧ٧ 蹵 оطͧʴ ӷҹѺ ҹʧ觷ҹ ¡ҷӷҹѺԡʧӡѺԡʧ ҹʧ觷ҹ¡ҷӷҹѺʧ շҹѹ繷ҹѹ٧ش 繵 ÷ӷҹ»ѭҼӷҹͧͧҹʧͼ觷ҹҧ ºԨҤ觹 ҧ حҡح ѡٵԡдѺŹ ѡ֡ ʨж١˹ӷҹҧ ١ͧ Ѻ÷ҹ鹰ҹ͵ѡҵþ з ÷Ӻحʹһ ʹԹ 繵 úԨҤҹҧ ǹ ҧҸóлªѺǹҡ ӷҹ褹ҡ ͤҡ ѭҤ ҡطȵѺ êͷҧԪҡ ҧä֡ѹ繹ҧä觷դ蹡֡ ÿ鹿١֡ʹѺʹعԨռ˭ شóҸó تԵ تآ Ϲѡ֡ԡ еͧѡ÷ͺлԹŨԵ㨵ͧء駷ա÷ӷҹ ͧӷҹ㹢з᷺ԹԴҴ 繡÷ͺ

 

           й ѡдѺԡѺ¦ʡ ҡ÷ӷҹҷ᷹ Ц ҨѺ 5 úǹ ֧᷹¡÷ҹ ͡ ᷹ СöӦ٧شͧԡǡѺºþԵ þѲ ѡǡѹ Ѳ͹¹ ´觴ǧԵ õǨͺͧеͧǨͺ͹¹ ´觴ǧԵ ҡ дҧ Һ ҡ 蹨Զշҧ١ͧ öҧԵԭҳ ·ԾӹҨ觡˹ͽ¡¢ 
          СþѲ͹¹觴ǧԵ仹ШеͧҺѹҡ 繢鹵͹ҡش ͹Ҷ֧ѭӹ֡٧ش ¡дѺԵ繹 кո
ؾھҸ ʮڰ ػ͹ҧ͵մԹ ´͹ǡҧ ٻ 
          Ǥ ŷçŴ ѡй㹡ûоĵԸҧ ҡ ͻоĵ 5 5 ¡ ອອ ʼҴѡӤԸ Եҧ 㹪ԵШѹҡ 蹤觤 ԷԺҷ 4 ѹ Ե ѧ ѧѵ 4 ͡ѹ 4 ҹ Ҩ ѵ ҹѵ ʸ(ԻԺѵ) ԯԡѵª ͻª㹻Ѩغѹ 4 ҧ ԡѵª ª˹ 4 ҧ ҧͧհҹо͡Թ 仨֧觤㹷Ѿѵ ˵ػͧѹͧԴ- 繵件֧ 38 С 觨繷غʡ غԡ ʼ¡֡ ԡ еͧ֡лԺѵó ѹ٧ش äŹԾҹͧ 駹 ҴѧԵ㨵Ǻؤ ҡվѧԵ Դ˭ ԴԺѵԺ筺ժ٧ա 件֧ú筷Ⱥ ͧоط ҹ, Һ, , ź, ºѹԺ, Ѩ, ͸ԯҹ, ມҺ ѭҺ (ҹ- ҹŧ , -ѹ-Ѩ- ͸ԯҹ-- ມ ҹŧ Ҹ, ๡ Ѻ ѭ ҹŧ ѭ /ѡٵ ..) Ҵ㹸Ѳͻоĵ٧´ ٧

´ǡѹ и稵çԡǢ 


          ҧáҡغʡغԡҦ դԭ㹸 о¹ŧҧ ؤԡҾӴѺ з㹷شоѺ˹㹡Ԩͧ 仵ӴѺ Ӥѭ 㹤ͺ Ҫվ÷§ СäҤѺ աûѺǻѺ¹Ҫվ͡÷§վͧͧ ʹͧԶշҧ仵Һä ҨҧͨҡҪվҧԴ·ҡ غʡغԡҦʤդͺͺ оѺͧҡѺ Ǵ 仾ҧ͹ ѧͺͺ㹡¹ŧҪվ ͧ عѹѹ蹷¼Żª֧¡͹ѹ

 

 

дѺҸ 㹤駡͹ 2 Ҹöҧ 2 Ը áԸոҵ ҸԨԴͧҹʧͧ ҸẺоԡǹҡ 㹺ҧͧ蹺ҧԻȢͧš ѭ ѡý֡Ҹ෡ԤغԸաý֡ҸԵѡоطʹ öҸԢ ¡úź-ҹҧͧǹҹ ӨԵ ͹¹´ŧ ٻẺҸԡ仵ҧ ѹ зҸ ҡ෡Ԥý֡ Ҹ ͧҡػ·ҡú-ҹǹҹ 筸ǹҹ ҸԪԴ֧ҸԷ褹Ҩ ͧٻẺ 繵ͧ觢ѴҸ Ҹ͹ѹ ؤ ҡŴշҹ͹¹ ´ ͹Һӧҹ ͼҾ͹ѡᤧöҸ  


         
Ըշ 2 غ෡ԤҧҸ੾ Ѻ˹ҹ觷 ͹觢ѴҸԢҢҷѺҫ ͢ҧͫ·˹ҵѡ çµç ҧµ µҼҹ¨١ 觹Ѻ ͡ ͺԡҶ 繵 ֧෡Ԥ´͡仵ӹѡҨ͹ ¢ͧҸѹҡ 蹡 öҧѧԵ ͹ Ѻ繷ѡ͹ҧԵзҹҧԵ㹢٧ 


          鹵͹ͧý֡Ҹ ·ҧҸԷͧ ҨоѲҡҸԸ ¸ҵԴҹʧͧ ʹԸաý֡Ҹ੾ ͡ҢͧҸ٧ ҡԡҸ ػҸ ѻҸ 㹷ش ѧԵ سҾͧѧԵйԵҧ 繼ŢͧҸԵ鹵͹ѧ 觷Դ鹷ҹ еͧäǺͧ ¶֧ʵԷ ˵ءó ѹ ء سѵɹ鹤Ǻ
         
ҹдѺҸԡ դҡҡ ᷺ ҨԹ¢ͧ з觹ѡǪ袳й ͢鹵͹ҧѧԵ繵ǹ ѡ֧֡ ͷӧҹҸԡóѡٵâ鹵͹ѧ ö٧شͧԡ ä Ծҹ ҡеͧ㹢鹵͹ԡóԧ §С˹仵 ӴѺآ٧ش ͹ѹ ҡôҷҹ ҹѧ֧ؤѨغѹ ҹ ǹ稻ªҹʧͧԡǹ ᷺
          ҡá˹дѺҸԡ 駷Ƕ֧෡Ԥغ¤ѺѺ͹ ءдѺ Ҹԡ ö䢤Ѻҧ ͧԵҡ ҷѹҡóҧ ҧʹ ѷ ͧšҡ зӤѭ ֡Ҹԡ 觷 ҡö֡Ѵ仵 ෡Ԥ¹ͧҸԡԧ ǸҸԡҵҴѧ öԴҧ͹Եҧ ҡ¹Էʵ ʵšؤ ෡Ԥ͹Ẻ˵ռʴѴਹ
         
ý֡Ѵ෡ԤͧҸԡ ѹѡ鹰ҹҡ Ǵ ʹҷءʹҵҧʹҢͧͧ ǴҸ 繡Ԩͧ鹢ͧѡǪʹҷ Ǵҷӹͧ͡ҤºѭЪ ǴͻҳǾͻҳʹ ǴǡС繡úԡҶ 觷Ҹԡҵͧá ҨǴ ҹҧ Ǵǡ ͧǧӹͧǴ 觺Ǵ繨ѧ ŧ СءСѡ Ǵ еͧº§͡ҧгյ ըشʧ෡ԤҧҸ੾д աҧҡ ͡仨ҡ͡ѡ蹸Իѭ Ѻ֡㹻ѭԡѺʧ Ǵ٪ҵҧ Ǵѵ-ѵ 繻ԻШѹ駺Ǵ㹾Ըա ѺǴӺحҧ ѡǴ 7 ӹҹҧ 12 ӹҹҧ ʹ仨 ֧ǴطɡѺҹžԸպҧ Ǵ㹧ҹȾ պǴѡҺѧءźҧ ǴԸҧ Ǵҧ ѺԸաҹ 繵鹹 Ѻҷҹ ҧҧйҨо §ʧ ѡ֡Ǵ§ йǡ Ǫӡ 5ŧҤèеͧҸͧҡء ʧͧ͡㴡 աûЪѧҸԡ Ъҧ ͡ͺʹǧ ͺ зաèѴͺͧѧҸԡдѺ٧ èҡѹǴҹ ѹ ͡ ͧѡ ç٧ԴѷСԴҸԢ ҡ ʾѧҸԢͧлѨਡ ˵ب٧㨷˭Ӥѭҡ й ࢵͧ ѴҹѴͧҧҧͧ ͡Ƚ֡Ҹԡѹкҵ 仵ʧҧѺͧҧ §ͧѹ蹷ѵ-ѵ н֡ѴǴ§ͧ ѹ繡ǴǹҺԡҶǷռŵ͡ԴҸԡѡԸ˹ ͡ҡ鹹ѡ֡ ʧ ѧö ͧ Ҹѧҹ ੾еʹ ੾йѡ֡ ѡ ҡ÷ͧҸº¹ѡͺչ ҧѵþǹ ٹԷҾͧҸ觢
          Ѻ غʡ غԡ ý֡ѴҸԡдѺ ö¹ẺѡǪó Ǥ Ǵѵҷѵ Ǵ¾þ (ԵԻ ا ҡ) Ǵ 7 ӹҹ 12ӹҹ ǡѺʧ ҡ ʹԡʹ öǴ͹͹ҧ 繡 Шѹ ŷҧҸԡ͹ѹ غʡ غԡ ¼ԡҪ٧֧èзͧǴ캷ҧ ǡѺʧ Ҹ캷 ҧաբͨӡѴ дǡ ͺ¡ ˵ мźҧС ෡ԤúԡҶ µѴ੾кҧҧ㹺Ǵ ͡Ҥ㴡 Ѵ ੾Ф "ԵԻ" ҺԡѺ仡Ѻ "ԵԻ ʻԵ" Ѻ仡ѺѺ ¡ҺԡҶҶ ѧ ԡҸ ý֡ѴùѺҺԡ˹ 7, 9 仨֧ 108 Һ ͧ öú 108 Һ㹪ִ˹觢ͧ (óյҧ㹢عҧعἹ عἹѧǷ öԡҶ ԵԻ Թ˹ ѧ 108 Һ㹪ִ öʴС͹ еͧ) 繻Ш Ҩ繵ͧ ͧͪ¹ѺҺ 蹾ǧ١Ф ͡ҹٻ´¡ ѡ繷ҧ觡ý֡ҸԡԴ ҶҺԡ蹹͡ҡ ࡨҨҹѡԡ ط ѡ෡Ԥ úԡ§ͼ١Ե ͧǤѧԵѹѺ ֡Ѵ仺 öٹ ҸçҢ 繼ʨԵ ਵçҢ й 㹵ҧʹ öѡùǡѹ ʹԹ ¤չѡǪѡ֡Ҹԡѹͺͧ ͺԡ 7 Һŧ㹡ͧ俤˹ §ӡѺѹءʵ ͡仺筵л੾е ѡԡҶ " " (м) ǹҶҺش ѧҸԡҢ ʵʹԡ Ҩ͡ʴشպҧ ͡Ҩҡ Psalm 7 : 1 (ʴش 7 : 1)
"O Lord, My God," 觨դµçѺͧԹٷ " "觺ԡ繻Ш 繷ҧ֡ٹ Ҹǡѹ Ҩн֡͹ѹ ͡Ѻͧ 繷ӹͧѭ ԭ 㴤˹觨ҡҤšҹ ͹ѹ ǹѡԷʵ ѡԷѻѨµ ҸԴҡúԡСǴ仫繸蹹 С˹ աС˹觡 ý֡Ѵͧͧ͡ ֧ѡͧҳһҹʵǹ¡ҡ§ѧࡵ ͡繻Ш 繻 ͡ʡͺͧ ͡繻Թ ԶշҧҧѧҸաԸ˹ й͡ҡѧ 繡ҧѧʵ੾ա ѧդӤѭѧ¹ͧ ҳѴعǹҤ ˹ҷǺآҾͧҤ㹷ͧ ҳ 㹷شѡ ػ ԺѵẺҧ ҡ ش 13 仴´ ੾иشͷ 13 ҡͧ ҳѡöç㹸شͷ 13 Ѫԡѧشѹ 繸شͷҡش㹺ôҸش й ý֧֡͡÷ѡ ֡ԡҨ 


          Ӥѭ Ф·֡駡ҧ˭ ºͧҸԡҨաҧ
ѧԵҡ ҡöѺҤѭԡҺҧǹ ѡ͹öͧš 㨢ͧͧͧǷʹءʹҹ աûʺȨ 觷¡ Ȩ 龺 ҵ աü·з֡ ·ҹ¶·ʹ͡ٻóҧ ʹ õ 繵

 

 



           ѭԡ

 

               鹵͹ͧѭ 仵 »ѭҨѡ繼 ͧҸ ¸ҵ Ǥ 繢ͧͤسҾͧҸдѺеçǷҧ㹾оطʹش§ ԴᵡǢͧѭͧ͡ 繵ͧ价ӾԸա ͡˹ ТѺǢͧ ѧ ѧҸ дѺ§㴻ѭҡᵡ͡͹ й ѡù ͢Ш͹ŧ͹ҧѧѹо鹡öؾѵ (óվ ҹ ط͹ت) ෡Ԥͧѭԡ੾ Ըա ෡Ԥҹ дѺҧ ԸաâͧԳ ͸Ժǡ͹ ෡Ԥͧʵ պ´ ʵԻѯҹٵ Ǥ ÷ӡҹػʹʵԻѯҹ , ÷ǷҹػʹʵԻѯҹ , ÷ӨԵҹػʹʵԻѯҹ ÷ӸҹػʹʵԻѯҹ ෡Ԥ غдѺѭԡաԴ˹觷繵ͧա鹰ҹҡ͹ҧ蹡ѹ (ŵͧҸԵͧ 蹡ù觾Ԩó ШԵͧͧ㹡÷ӨԵҹػʹʵԻѯҹ 繵) ҡ蹹 ŷͧáҡ繢 ҧáԸոҵ෡Ԥ §ҧǡҨ§ Сͺѹѹ ҡеͧӹ֧Ҿ鹰ҹ еͧдѺ繡͹ дѺվѧͨШشС¶йǹͧҸлѭҢ Ǩ֧෡Ԥͧԡ ҡ෡Ԥ ͧԡ»Ȩҡ鹰ҹ§ 蹦·ѵǴ ·ӺحӷҹԨҤµҵѡҵþ Ѵѧ 褺鹡ѺѴ֡ػѴҧ ¶ʹͧԹءŹ Ҹóªͧ ֡ѧ ੾ѧҡ ѧɵá Ѩغѹ ѧ ʹ 繵 ҨԴâ § ٻẺ դͧд äҼԭҤ Ҩա֡Ҹ ҧ ٴ¸ҧ駡 ѡ稼ŷҧԺѵ ҷӹͧ "´շ" (Ӣͧҹطԡ)


          ͹ 觷è١ͧ繨ԧ Ҹ ѭ §ͧͧ͢ú äҹͧ ¡ طͧçѭѵš ö çѭѵҸԡظ çѭѵԻѭԡҡظ çѭѵ Ҹ ѭԡ ҡԹ͹Թ ͺä Ҹ ѭԡ §ͧдѺ»ѵʵҹͧ 觡úط赹ͧǨͺͧ еçѺѡҹоطٵõҧ 㹷Т¡ٵèҡи ԡä 5 ͧ ԡ 繹龺 ǡçԴ㹾оطʹ áѺ㨺Ǫʹҹ طͧç ФҶҹ稾ѹ

          ԡڢ,        ԡ㴼ö
          ʹ ط,        
㹾оطʹ
          ͸Ԥ ʹڵ,           
ԡع鹾֧ѹ(;йԾҹ)
          ʧڢٻ آ.              
繷ЧѺѧ آ
          ԭڨ ԡڢ           
ԡطҹԴ(ѵҾ)
          Եڵ ʵ  
        ѹҹԴ ѡѹ֧
          ੵ Ҥڨ ʭڨ,   
ҹѴҤ
          Ծھҹ.          
鹡ѡ֧йԾҹ 
          ڨ Թ ڨ ,   
ԡؾ֧Ѵѧªͧ5֧ѧªͧ5
          ڨ صڵ ,          
о֧ѧԹ 5 ԭ
          ڨʧڤҵ ԡڢ,        
ԡؼǧͧͧ5
          ͦԳ⳵ بڨ.         
¡Ҽͦѹ
          ԡڢ ,    
ԡ ҹ觬ҹ һҷ
          Եڵ,
Եͧҹع㹡س
          ˤ ,    
ҹ繼ҷ׹Թ͹
          ڷ ءڢԷڵ          
繼ѹ
          .                     
ͧӤǭҹء ѧ 
          ڶ ҹ ͻڭ,       
ҹ ջѭ
          ڶ ڭ ͬ       
ѭ լҹ
          ҹڨ ڭ ,    
ҹ ѭҴ 㹪
          Ծھҹʹڵ.         
Ҵç㹷йԾҹ
          حڭҤ ԯڰ         
Թͧ
          ʹڵԵڵ ԡڢ         
ԡؼ ͹ҧ 
          ҹ õ ˵              
ըԵЧѺ 
          Ҹ Ի,        
繸ªͺ
          ʵ            
ԡؾԨó
          ڸҹ ط¾,             
觤ԴФ觢ѹ
          յԻڪ
,            Ź յл
          Ԫҹ.               յл繸ѹ
                                            
ͧ
          ڵҷ ǵ           
ѡԹ
          Ը ڭ ԡڢ        
ѹɴ
          Թڷ¤صڵ ʹڵدڰ        
㹻ү ͧ
          ү ʧ.       
㹸ѹ¹
                                            
ԡؼջѭʹҹ.
          Ե ,     
ҹԵ÷·
          طڸҪ ͵ڷ,         
վ ͧ 
                                            
¨ҹ
          ʹڶص,           
ԡؾ֧繼оĵԻѹ
          Ҩá             
֧繼ҴҨ
          ڪ,        
˵طͧ ҹѡջҡ
          ءڢʹڵ .         
зӷش觷ء.

          [***ҡ ѵ Ǵ 12 ҶҸ ͧ (ͧ稾) ¾ʹ() и ԡä 25 دҪԷ¾ 駷 6/2496 ˹ 279-82] 

 


         ѡԡҤǹ 繡áǷɮշó ҤԺѵԨԧ ҡ Ӻҡ дѺشʹ ͧԡ Ǥ ҡشҵǨͺͧطͧԧ § ҹ鹡͹ 蹨еǨͺ 7 ѹ 1 ѹ § 1 Ըշӡ ͷͧʶҹ੾ Ҩӹѡطͧԧ ÷ §ǧ ˵عԸջԺѵԷ͹ҧҡ
ѡ繾鹰ҹԧ еͧա¨ҡäءմ 褹ʶҧʹ਴ҧ㹻ҪҺҧش֧зӵطШشͧͧ鹡ͤ͹¹ŧ觨Ե㹷شѡҫ·Ծ ҧѹط͹ҧҺͧҢ ¡ҡ·Ծ ҡԶʵ Էʵ շҷ仪Ѵਹ ˵ ҧ˵ ()ءբ¡鹫觵ԭҸ֧дѺҧѧԵ觨к觺֧͡öдѺػҸԢ件֧ѻҸ ѹѺ繢鹷ҡ觢ͧҸԡѹѧԵҧѹѺ·Ծ繼Ţͧԡ ѧԵѹѺ ·Ծ öԴҤԵ öз觷ࡨҨ ҹٴ öʹ·Ծ͡ öʹ·Ծзѧ ҨҸԡдѺ ҧ ¡͹ ҸԨ觷ѧءҧ˹ ᵡШ ҡѧä еͧѧҡ öԴɹ㹷ҧ蹷 ҧä ҧԡ 㹷⤨ ҨԺѵ 繵 ͧ㹷ѹ ʧѴ ѹա仨ҡ ͻԺѵԸ֡駵 þŧ㹬ҹ֡ դ˹٧͵Ѵ (ѹдѺѭԡҪشʹ) 繵 ա˹觡 ö ѺҸǡѹдѺ˹ǡöʹҡ·Ծ͡ ǧҷ軯ԺѵԸѹǤ駪Ǥ ¦ ˹ҷҡµʹѹ Ҩлա任Ҫ Ѵͷʧء ¡ʹ·Ծ͡仨 㹶ͧźҧ ͹ҧ˹ ա仨ҡ դ з仹Ҹǹ çͧѡ ˭ӵ 觤ͼҨúǹ ʹءҡ ҧз¡ Ͷʹѡ ʶҹѹҧ ҧá дѺ仹ѧ֧ѵä ͧ ·Ӥҡ㹻ѭԡ ֧ش 


          ÷ǹ â͹ʵ 10 طҹʵ, ҹʵ, ѧҹʵ, ҹʵ, Ҥҹʵ, ǵҹʵ, óʵ, ¤ʵ, ҹһҹʵ, ػҹʵ, 繵 ǹþҡ ʵԻѯҹ 4 (ʵԻѯҹٵ Ҵ¡ԭʵԻѯҹ) ¶֧þҡ㹡 Ƿ Ե и äᵡǢ 繻ѭҧ㹷ش ҹػʹʵԻѯҹ ҹѧࡵҳ ͧ ҪӹҭҹһҹʵöѲһҳ ҳ繵Ǥ蹤 ͧҤҡ ǷҹػʹʵԻѯҹ֡͡ҷء駸觷ءдѺ˹觾Ңй١ͺӴ·ء쪹Դ ӴѺӤѭ ԵҹػʹʵԻѯҹ ʵԵ¡ 觨Ե ҨԵͧդ繸ҧ ҧ ǹ繽´ ҧ ǹ繽ª ŷԹ úҧ ¡͡ ǾԵǹҡǹ 觸¡ ҹػʹʵԻѯҹ ʵԵ觬ҹʹ 觬ҹдѺҧ 觬ҹ (ʵԻѯҹٵ ҹ ó 5 ͤѧ 5 ҧ , Һҷ, չԷ, طѨءب ԨԡԨ ͧл) ؾѵ ǹӤѭǹ˹觢ͧʵԻѯҹ 4 ԧ ͡þҡý֡Ѵ㹡ԳЬҹͧҤѭԡѧ¶֧ùҸشѵ㹢й鹴 дѺѧ֧ ä Ծҹ ٧ش 蹤 úʧش 


          й ͧСͺ繢ͧҤѭԡҴѧ ö觡ѹСѹѹ ֧лʺ稤شԡ С ҡ㴨繵ͧҧ աõͧ ͧҷ ͧԴ͡ʻԴ÷ Դ͡ä Ҥеѳ ҧ á᫧ 仨Ҩк駸 äŢ٧ش ͡š繨ԧ š繷ء ͹Ԩѧ ͹ѵ 觵ҧ ·»ҡɹ ѡ§ͧ غ¢ͧûԺѵͺäŹԾҹҹͧ äŹԾҹ СźӤѭͧҹ· 


         
Ӥѭԡ ҡռ黯Ժѵóҧ óҧ ҧѹ仹 ͡ҹ蹤 ˵վºؤ»ѹ ѺºؤдѺʴҺѹ» ʡԷҤա ͹Ҥա» ѹ » 觷ṡͧºؤš ó㹺ԡҹͧ ҡ ѹ ջӹҭҹҸԡ ¡ Իʡѹ Իʹ-ѭԡдѺ˹ 觨դسѵԵҧ ͹ѹ ص դӹҭҸ繾 лͺᵡҹ Էҭҳ ջѭԡ ԡ Ҹԡ ѹ óԡҤ ԡ Ҹԡ лѭԡ ó ա˹ ҡ ѹ һ ҹǹ繼Ѵͧ͢ѳó 繼դآ͡ѹ ǤͶ֧آҡþ鹡 ͡ѹ վѹͧդآҡͧ оѹҹ͵ҷҹ繻鹻 Ф ӹҭ੾еǾѹᵡҧѹ仹 繡èṡ˹ҷᵡҧѹ ѵѵ 繵ͧռ㴡˹ 


          áԡҶ֧Ѵ ѧࡵ úظ ТҴóԡҺҧдѺ鹵͹仺ҧ дѺҸԡ ֧ҨöѧԵ ҡҡ ١ҧ ѧöظ٧ش 㹻ѭԡ ෡ԤҧС 蹡Գ ʵԻѯҹͧ Ҩ繵ͧѴ駹ѡ ͧ١ҧ ١ҧ ¶֧١ҧͧоطʹ ѡá ա͹͹ӹҨźѹ㴻Էʹ еͧشµͧ ¡سҾ鵹֧ͧдѺ§ѺáԴСäŢ Ǥͧ ѧࡵԺѵ¢ͷҹ㹺շ ҧҢҧ鹹ǹ任Ժѵ ѡ 繡Ҥѭԡբա 


          ǹѡеͧԺѵҡŢªѴ 2 С ҹ ѭ 2ҧеͧ˵мŤǺѹ ػ͹­ 2 ҹ ҹѺѭҹͧ鷴ͺ ظͧؤµͧҡѭҤءҧзҵ蹹ؾѵ蹹 Ҵ еͧ仵ǨͺѺҹջѭ ջѭ լҹҡӡѺ ѭдѺ ҹ дѺ ͡ѹ ѧշ¡Ңҧ鹷 

          ڶ ҹ ͻڭ,          ҹ ջѭ
          ڶ ڭ ͬ         
ѭ լҹ
          ҹڨ ڭ ,      
ҹ ѭҴ 㹪
          Ծھҹʹڵ.           
Ҵç㹷йԾҹ
          (и ԡä 25)



         
áԡҶ֧鹵͹ Ҩػ Ƕ֧ѡ÷駷ҧɮ зҧԺѵҤ͹ҧó оͨЪӷҧԺѵ誹黯ԺѵԴµͧ ͼ˭ ԡ ʹ駻ǧҵʹš ҡѡǡդ ػ Ҥԡ 繵ͧӵ͹¹ŧ ¢ͧԡҤͤ͹¹ ´ǡѹǹ 觨㹡 ҹ͸ѹ´͹¸ҵԢͧѹöѴ ҨԵͺؤԡҾҺ дҧ աҡ ഹ öѺѧ ͧͧ͢ǹ ͡ѹ ҡѹ ֧ѹ ҹѭѵ 5 8 10 227 ͺѭѵͧ ÷Ӻحӷҹ (حѵ 10 : ҹ, , ǹ,ͻ¹, Ѩ,ѵԷҹ,ѵҹ,ǹ,ʹ,зԯԪء繵)ҡͧͻԺѵԡ͹¹ѧǹ й §Ժѵԡشʹѧ öäŹԾҹдѺ˹ з Ӥѭͧ˵Ҹԡ͵Ǣ ѵѵԴ·ҧ˹ ͡仨ҡ෡ԤԸҧҸͧ ͸Ժ ԡҹ͹¹ ؤԡҾ ͧؤš͹¹仴 ԶդͧԵоĵԸ㹷ҧաʷ¡ըش͹ еͧ㨻Ѻͧʹ öѡҤطͤسҾͧ 蹵ͧѴѧͧä͹ ͧա仨ҡ͹¾ҡѹоĵԵҺ дҧ ǹҡѺ誹繺ѳԵ ͧ͹ 繡ҳԵ÷ҡѹ ͧѧǴ ѻ ͧҤسͧٵ 38 Сѡҵʹ öҧسҾҸԢдѺ˹ дѺš дѺ鹰ҹ öҧҡ ҧԤѹͧҧ˹ öҧѧԵ дѺҸ 觷ͧäͤ索Ҵ˹ 觷´͹ǡѹ ѹ繼Ţͧԡ ǻ鹢ٻҧ ٻҧ觤ǹ طǹ 蹤 ˹ غ ༪ԭûз Ѵ ѡɳشóѹ٧觢ҧ͹Ź м黯ԺѵͧʤسҾҹ µͧ 


         
дѺԡ Ҩеͧźաšҵʹ ͤ ѧࡵԡʧ վԹ¢ͷըش¾Էѡǡöԡ ҧطʹ ѡ ͹µ 2 (ǹҡѺʵ㹷ѺзѺ) ¾Թѡ⤨ 4 ¾и 繵 дѺҸҨͧաš դ繡ҨСһззšҴ¾ѧҸ·繼Ҹԡ ҡ繡÷ͺ 繡ٹѧҸ觢仴Ը˹ ö§дѺ˹ҹ ͧѧ㹤оʹ Һؤó觻ѭԡǹ ֧繵ͧźաšա դ繡Ҩ㹷ҧšա Ԫ ҧط 

          ûоĵԡ ͤسҾԡ Ҩѡ龺觷褹令Դ ҵ Ҥ Դ觢ҡҧ ҨԴŧԴ͡͡͡ҧФŧҹ еͧѡ㹡õǨͺͧ
ҡ Ҥеѳѧ Ҩͧ äŹԾҹ ѧͧ ©Ҵѡͧɹ繻ªԶշҧäŹԾҹ еͧͧɹ鹾ҵͧ¹ ; š й ҧúԡ Ҹԡ ѭԡ ҧŤٺҨ еͧѧࡵ ʵ ѭ һСͺ ءдѺ ء鹵͹ ûԺѵТ鹵͹ ŧԴ ѹ ŧ㹤ɹ价Ӻһ µͧ觵ç٧شͧԡҹҧ ੾ҧ触ʼоĵԸ ǴСӺҡҾԡʧ ҡѺҧ֡ 繵ͧѧࡵ ʵлѭ㹡õҵʹҡ Դ ԶժԵԹӾͧ ͡úһ ѹµͪԵ ͧ 駽šн¸ѹ仨 ¸Ң 件֧شš

          ´ͧԡ ǹ෡Ԥ´ŧдѺ鹵͹ ѧաҡ ҡѡҪ ¾úǹóǨ֡Ҵµͧ ѹСѺؤҧ. 

         
** ҡ ˹ѧ;(Թ๵) 22 .. 2543

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 лٻûͧʧ价 ?
ûٻкԡ 
(͹ 4)

 

 

Ӷ :- 

            ó ҡѧѧҨ ˵㴡 

            ʧҨöԹôҹûٻ֡ҡ͹  

            Ѵ֡ ԹиԹ ֡ҵѡԡ

            (ä 8) ͸Ժ¢¤¢ͧ֡ кԡҵ 

            ҡǷ ԴöѺѡӤѭ

            ѵ Ժѵ лǸ ֡кѴਹ ͹

             ҡоҧѡٵѺ ֡ԡ੾ 

            Ǥըش͡úä 繾ºؤ

            дѺ鹵ҧ Ѻ ʴҺѹ仨֧ ٧ش ѹ

            ѡҨѴҧѡٵҧ ѡٵдѺʴҺѹ 

            èҧ ѡٵдѺʡԷҤҧ

            Ҩҧ觷ʹҹ ѡͶ 

            ŧҧ仡ա شԨҷԯ

 

 


ӵͺ :-

 

         Ӷ ҡоҧѡٵѺ֡ԡ ੾ Ǥըش͡úä繾ºؤдѺ ҧ Ѻ ʴҺѹ仨֧٧ش;ѹ ѡҨѴҧѡٵҧ ѡٵдѺʴҺѹ èҧ ѡٵдѺʡԷҤҧ Ѻ繤ӶӤѭ 觡÷СǶ֧繹 繵ͧͧʶҹó оطʹ¡ҧҧ١͹ еͧҨҡѧࡵ͹ ѧ ҢͧʶҹóطʹҪҳҨѡ¹ "ºؤ" Ѻºؤ 4 ʴҺѹ ʡԷҤ ͹Ҥ ѹ ҡШṡ´ŧա 8 鹵͹ͧ ä мš ʴҺѹä ʴҺѹ, ʡԷҤä ʡԷҤԼ, ͹Ҥä ͹ҤԼ, ѹä ѹ, ˴仨ҡӹ֡ѹ֡駢ͧѧ¾طҹҹҡ Ǥ ռҨվºؤ 4 8 ѧ ѹشŧš ʧͧ ੾окҹ ;ͧ ;ҪʧҢع Źͧ ǹ˹ ҧä ըԧ ͧͽѹ ҡ͹ҹ ҡʧٴѹ鹶֧ͧѹ٧ش 蹾ٴ֧ͧͧ м稸дѺ鹵ҧ оҡѹѹԵʴѺѺѧ¡͹ ͧ 觷 ͧš ੾ ʧкӹҨյ˹ѡ˭ä դԨ٧ ѵ˭仡Ѻ˹ѡ鹴 ֧˵طԴԶշҧäŷӤѭҡ Ҩ֧ ҡó٨餹ؤѺԴ úظ٧ش˵ռŷԧ Ҩ¸شҹҹ ٻ ੾ ҹҨ Էѵ ءӹ֡ѹ٧觹Դʧ ЪҪҤҹѹ ҧ˭ Ƿҹͧ¡Թͧ طҴ¡˹¨ҡ кӹҨͧ㹡ا ҹǧ蹡͡ ѧԴʧ 㹸شҹ ûоĵԸѹبԵ ѡ šԴ鹵Һ֧ؤǧ;Ҩѷⷷʺ稨öѧҧժǵѹ੾ҧ觪ѧɷդҧšռҹ֡дѺԭҷ ҵ㨻оĵԸҧҨԧҨѧ ʺ稷ҧԵԭҳǡ͹ý֡Ժѵǧͪҷҹþٴ֧ͧä ԾҹҡطѷСҾٴͧºؤŷ48дѺҡºѧԴ㨷١ͧͤ繾ѹ Сúظ дѺҧ ҡ 㹢ǡѹ ѧԴѡҪҧоطʹҢաҹ˹觤 ҹطԡ ҹջʺóԵ ֡͡ ͧѡٵþ­ ·á ֡Ҿ­鹨ö ä з­ 9 ¤ ¶֧繾ѹ ֧վѹҡ ͧǧ ҹѺ龺ԧ ԧ蹹 Ѻк֡ʧԹԴҧҧҡ¡§֡ҷʹѡ(Ӣͧҹͧ) ֡§ѡ͹ҧš кʧҢعŹҹ ͧ к֡ҧǹ (Ӣͧҹͧ) ֡ 觷ä ˴ ֡ҷѵ ᷹зѵ ͷҹѺҹԴͧ͹֡ҵԡ 㹷ʧѴǡ 繨ԧ ֧ҹ ͸Ժ ЪФ͵ͤ繾ºؤ ੾оѹҴط иԹ 蹤ͧѹԧ֧١ء ӹ֡ ˭ · 繾ѹ ؤ٧ش㹾оطʹҹ ö Ҷ֧بԵҴ ҧ ʧ㹪ҵԻѨغѹ Ѻ Ѻҵ˹ ҹ طӡ͸Ժ¸ԸԷʵ ˵餹 ؤԷʵ㨤·ԧͧѹբ " 繨֧繾ѹ" ¶١źҧ ¶١ͧ 觢 ˵ ؤдѺѹѧѧ ԸաûоĵԸ
ѹؤѹ԰鹡ԧ ѧաó˹觷觴ѧ鹨öءʹ ФѷҵԶշҧ ä㹾оطʹ ֧Ҵ褹ӹǹ˹طȵзѾԹءҧ зѾҾѹ ͡ûоĵԸҧԧѧѹʹԵ ѧäѹ٧ش
ó⾸ѡ Ъѹȡ ѹͧҨҡҹ
öٴ͡ҵç ҡúظ繾ºؤдѺҧ дѺ ʴҺѹ ʡԷҤ ͹Ҥ оѹ 觷
Сҵͧ 繵ҧͧúظ һѵ ʺóͧͧ͡͹ ¹ͧǡѺäŹԾҹ͡ҧç仵ç ٻ ¹˹ѧ Թç繾 繵 ѧطȵͧẺҧԶշҧӻоĵٻԡ Ѵ駪ѧشóʺ稤ѧºؤŢ ٻժ§件֧ҧ աó ԡ ҷ, ѹ , ǹҾط, ҷͺԻѭ ͧǾط ͤ ºؤ 褹ӹǹ繾ѹ 㨼ԴӤѭͧ ظ 觡óշ´ѧǹռŴء ʹ㨢ͧЪҪѹͧͧ дѺ٧ش дѺѵҡ ŧҹ㹡÷ȹ ͤҹ ͧѧ ͡úظͧؤ ѹ繼ŧҹФسѹȻ԰ͧ ǡçسɷҹ ҹͧ ¤ҡ͹˹ҹ ǧʧ ѡǪطͧ èоٴͧǾѹҨеͧ١֧ ͢Ѵҧ 㹻Ѩغѹ ѧʧҧǡҧӹǹ˹ 㹷ءдѺкʧ ѧ Ҵ 觷԰٧ش¶١ͧ ͧʹͧͧ ҧá ͨеͧҧ͡ѡٵ͡úä 觷繷еͧ㨡ѹªѴਹٻ ٧شͧԡҤ͡úظдѺ٧ش дѺѹ Шդ "Թ" ա µá ҡԹʹҾطբš ͧط ͹觷ԹçͧѨѵ ѵդԴҹջժҭҳ ֡ ͹ еҺ㴷աý֡Ե öؤ繾ѹؤ ᵡҧҡؤط ԡ ¶֧֡ҷդ˭ҡѺ 繡֡͡ҪФءҧѹ ͡繾ºؤѹ԰ ռ繪 仵ӴѺ ͪ ʴҺѹ 鹾ʡԷҤ 鹾͹Ҥ Ъ٧شͪ ѹ ԧ ͡ѹȻ԰ԧ Ҿоطʹ ҡ ͧ˵мҹҨԧǵ ¹ ֡ͧ仵ѡٵԡ 㨻ԺѵԵйѡٵ ԧ դ˴ʹ Ф§ ҧ¡ظ鹵鹤 繾ʴҺѹ ֧Ե ֧԰ ٧شͧԵ ͧҾ觷շشդسҷش ͧԵ з ѵԷš šä仨ԧ й鹨֧äӹ֧оطԵ Ԩ ʻڻ Ԩک ڨҹ Ե Ԩک ʷڸǹ Ԩ طڸҹػڻ (ѵҾ繡ҡ ժԵͧѵ 繸ҡ繡ҡ ԹѧѷӺҡ غѵԢ鹢ͧоطҡҡ) ͺѴվǷҹ ˵ Ե繻ª 


          Ф ûԺѵԸԡ еͧ駤ѹ ջ·ҧҧ˹ ѹؤ㹪ǪԵ 觷ͺѧͺ駤 ͧԴҨ繾ºؤ騧㹪Ե ҵ蹹դҧǡѺ㨷лоĵԤµʹ仹ͧ


          ûԺѵ Թ仵͹ͧоطʹ е ԡ ͸Ժ Ѵ ͵ͧä稨ԧ йӡ Ѻҹǹԡҵ ¹ ˵ؼԧԺѵԨԧ ŧͻԺѵ й繡 šúظ
Ҩṡҧ ʶҺѹҧ ç¹ Է Է ʧ ҹǡѹ 蹡ŢҹءҤоѧҸԡ 繵 мҾ ú ѭ֡ 繵 غʡ غԡ Ҫվ 蹷 Ǩ Ҫþ͹ ǡ˹鹧ҹûԺѵ 繢 ¢зҹ ¹Ѵ»Ժѵҧǡѹ ѹ 蹡õѡҵþҵ էҹ ŷҹҪԡѴ仪§ҹ Ѵᨧʶҹӧҹҧ Ǵ ҷҹ ǹѹͧТֹͧҵҧ ҸԿѧǴлԵ Ӻحӷҹ ҢͧػѨʧ ѹ筻ª Ҹó ¹Ѵ¡ѹ еҧç͡ùѴ Ҹ Ѵ¡ѹǴ ѴѴ˹ Ѵҧ Ǵ㹾 ǽ֡Ҹԡѹء ˹˹ شѹ֡ö㹡ùҸ ѹ㴹 ʹ ʶԵ 任ԺѵԻѭԡҫ㹢 ѭԡ ûԺѵ ѧ͹ ҵ ֧Ҹ ǵʹ»ѭԡ ֡ Թͺ Ѻ仡ѺùҸ ֡ ҳһҹʵ ֡ʵԻѯҹ ҹͧҸ йѴѹԹҧŻԺѵԸشѵ Ѻ§ § شʹҷ軯ԺѵԸ 繵仨֧ ͹㹻 㹻Ҫ 繵 Թҧ Թ 繺ش¢ͧѡٵ Ǩŧ¡ѺѧиȹҨҡҨ çسԷ٧ Ҩ稸 § 繵ҧѺ Ժѵԡѹ 觷ҡ ѹդ׹աͺҾäǡ ѴѹԺѵԸ ѡɳзҹ С˹ѹ׹ Է ʶҺѹ Է öѴ ѡٵǡѹ дѺ Ҹ ѭ ѡٵá ˹ ѹҧ 15 ѹҧ 1 ͹ҧ 3 ͹ 6 ͹ ҷ ҡ˹ǡ繵ҧý֡͡͹ý֡ ѡٵ 9 ѹ 4 ѹҸ 2 ѹ ѭ 3 ѹ -ҹ ѡط Դ ǡѹ ӷҹʹ 3 ѹ¡˹ӷҹҧ ѡúʷҹ ·ҹ иҹ 3 ѹͧط (дѺŹ ¤֧حѵ 10 ҹ, , ǹ, ͻ¹, Ѩ, ѵԷҹ, ѵҹ, ǹ,ʹ ԯԪء) ͧҹǹҡѡ÷ 鹹任ԺѵҸ ֧ҸҤ㹡 ҧ ͹ ҨФúѡٵ ա 2 ѹ繢Ҹ 鹹Ǵǹ ǹҸ ԡǹ зԹ§Ǵ§ԡҶҧ աԹ͹Ǿءҹ ͹ǹ͹ҡ͡ дءдԡ仵ʹ 24 öԧҸҢ仨֧鹷ش ö觹شʧҹ Ѻҹ ҹ ֡ʡѺʧͧµͧ öҧѧԵ дѺʧ ͧԵ 仵㹢鹻ѭԡա 3 ѹ Ѵ֡ҹҧ ҹҧ ¶֧÷ӡҹҧ 40 ҧѡҹ 40 оطʹ㹷Т֡Ѵ觡Գ 4 Դ ⻡Գ ⪡Գ ҡʡԳ Գ ҹһҹʵ ǹ ʵԻѮҹ4ѧȹͧºؤҹ˹ѧͧ͢ҹطԡػСͺ繤駤Ƿҧâ鷺ǹ ԡ ҡԹŵͧ ѧࡵ ʵ лѭҵͧҼҧ ǻѺاѡٵ ੾е觢 ҨТҢͧҤ-ҹ͡ա˹ 5 ѹ 7 ѹ ѺҸ § 1-2 ѹ Ҥѭ 1-2 ѹ 蹡ѹ 9 ѹ͹ ûѺҹ Ѻؤ ¼ҹҹҼҹ֡ҡ Ҥ Ҹ ѭ Ҥ- Ҹ ѭҡ 


          дѺʶҺѹ 繡 öЪҧἹҹԺѵԸ ¡˹ͺ ҧ ҡҤ 3 ѹ ˹ԨطҨ㨷ҹ ҵþ 筡Ҹҳª 觷ӧҹҧ֡ ͷӵͧӵ Ҥ ͹ ͹蹴ԹͧѺء觷ءҧ ӤҴҧ 紶ٷӤҴҸóж觷褹ҷ ͷ褹ѧ¨§¨Եط 蹴ҡ 


         
ʶҺѹҧ ǡѺ֡ ç¹ Է Է 駽¦ нʧ ö˹Ԩѡٵáý֡ͧ дѺԷ дѺ˭ 騺ŧ¡Թҧšö͸شҧ С-ҸͻҪ ҨäŢ 騺ŧ¡ÿѧ ȹҡ¼Ũԧ Ҩ稸зաÿѧȹͧ Сȹҹػŷйҹ˵ԶäǡѹԴä¼ 


          Ѻʧ੾ 鹰ҹ Ҹ ѭдѺ Ǥ ػ͹ 繢鹻ԭҵ ǵҸ繢鹻ԭ ǵ дѺѭ 繢鹻ԭ͡ ѧԭ͡仡͡Թҧطҹطɵ 觹ԷдѺ٧شͧѡٵä ҡ稡֡ҵҺ šѺ͡šա 


          á˹ѡٵͧҨ͹ ੾лѨਡؤ ǹͧʶҺѹ öͧǡѹ 駹ͧѧࡵ ʵ ѭҴԹ仵 ѡ÷¹ 


         
Ӥѭ ҡûԺѵԡ㹪ԵШѹͧ ѡǪ ЦաԨçѹҧ˹觡 Ԩѵâͧ ¹ѡǪ绯ԺѵԡԨѵâͧ ʡ绯ԺѵԡԨѵâͧ 蹤 ѡǪԺѵ ԨͧѡǪ ͡Ԩͧʧ ʻԺѵ Ԩͧ 觡ͻԺѵ觷˹ҷͧշش㹷ءѺԴͺТͧҸлѭҷͧ˹ҷͧФͧ ˹ҷ繾 ص Դ ¨ҧ ١ҧ ١ͧ繸 ջԷԼ һԺѵԸҧ ÷ǹѡ ǻԺѵԷº§ǹҨöԹҧµͧ ö֡ԡ µͧ кؼ µͧ ҡԡ º§ŧǹ.

          *** ҡ ˹ѧ;(Թ๵) 23 .. 2544.

 

 

 

 

 

Ἱѧطҹطɵ 

 

 

 й ѹ ǡ͡ѹ ֧Ѻ繡¹ŧѺاкԵʧ ԵͧšѺ׹ҹԴͧ͹· ¶֧áѺ׹ҵԹԶշҧ觸ҵ ҧǡ㹪Ҽҹѧ ҪѭѵԡþоطʹҢҡ˹к仹ӾǡҡѺ׹ҵԹ 


          蹹ҹ ǡѺҺ ԧкʧ ੾кдѺ ҵԹ Դ͡ҡ鹡 ҹͧǡ ǹ Ŵŧ Ŵ᷺ Ҩ֡ Ѵͧ ǡѺСçҹѹ 蹹ҹȵ· ·ѹ觷 Ҷ١ ͺ§ѧҢ ֧Ҿ ͹ҷҧͤ͡§ͧǻ Ե͹ç ѧѧ آҾç شش㹵Ң ѧѧнҨпѹ Ш繷ʤ͹ͧͧ͢ ֧ҨҭͷСҤԴ֧觷԰äŹԾҹ ԧ ˹ҷ駷ҧ¡Ǩա⹡ФԴзӨ价ҧäŹԾҹ԰ ѴҧҢ· оǡҡѹ µͧ Ѵ ǹͧ դѧԴ ͤѧԴ鹾آҾآҾѹó Ѻ׹ҵѹ繺ҹԴҹͧա˹ҡ ػ觹 Ҿٴ֧кäʧͧ кѺ׹ҹԴͧ͹ͧ кҵԹͧ


          й ¡ѹ 仵ҵ ҡ͡ҡԹ ºԳҵ ͹ ͹ Ҿ§÷աѧçԹ¢ͧ稾طҡ äŹԾҹ仵 ѹ кҵԷ ͡Ẻҧó 蹢ͧäŹԾҹҧ ¤¹ »ҪǨԵ㨢ͧء ҹ ¤˴ʹҡطȪԵоطʹҵҺǪԵ Ҷ֧ ͸ҵԴ͡蹹 Ҩ ʾйԾҹԧҡ ػ͹ҷ鹨ҡҢªǻ ͧ˹ѹҧ˭繷ѧ Ͷ֧ä֧Ŷ֧Ծҹ 蹡¶֧Ե騺ŧҧդس ҧդҧդʺ ѵʢͧԵա ֧ѧ֧ٴ֧šա


          ٴҴ觹 ػҺкʧͧշҧԹҧ 觾ǡҨѡ֡ ͧ º͹Ե ҹ 


          Եʹʺ кʧ鹨Զշҧ觤آ çҹ仨ѡ繡çҹ觤آ ŧ仨ѡ繤آ ạâ ѡ ạâآ ط 㴨ѡ繡طȡзآ çҹءҧ觷դآ㹵ͧ з觡õѺѵ٤͡ҡ¹͡㹡ѡ 繡õآ 㹷شҭ㹡õѺ͸ С㴡ѡ繤 ҭآ ¡繤·آ"

 

*** (稾оطҹǧ иҹʧдѺҵ,

      24 .. 2544)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 


 

 

  ѡٵä




 

 



          ͧҨҡԷ¾оطʹš (The World Buddhist University) ç ⾸ ͤ֡ѧ оѺ ڭҸ, 㹰ҹ çԸԷҡ ˹ѧͧ͢Է¾оطʹš ҧç⾸ 仹 :- 



Է¾оطʹš               
The World Buddhist University
616 طҹອ آԷ 24          
616 Benjasiri Park, Soi Sukumvit 24,
آԷ ࢵͧ ا෾ 10110        Sukumvit Rd., Bangkok 10110, Thailand                                                   Thailand

.(662)02-258-0369-73                          Tel : (662) 02-258-0369-73 
(662) 02-258-0372                         Fax : (662) 02-258-0372

http://www.wb-university.org
E-mail : wbucentr@ksc.th.com

. /


ԧҤ



ͧ         ͤӻ֡йͻСͺç⾸ Է                                          оطʹš

ʡ    лѭҸ ԡ (Ѻ )

Ҷ¾   ç⾸ Է¾оطʹš



          Է¾оطʹš 㹰ҹͧüѺšоطʹѺطѷ ¼öѹҾ ӹ֡㹤ѺԴͺáԨѹ˭ ֧Թç ⾸ ԴٹҪҧоطʹҼطȵ ҧ ŧѹآšоطʷçǡ á ٻ "ж ԡǨԡѧ تйԵ تйآ šҹء " ǡͨ ͻªآ誹ҡ͡š ѧ繵
          й çùó繻ª ֧ͤҾФس çԸ Էҡ ôԨó ѵػʧ ôԹҹСûԺѵ á˹ Ҷ֧ ͧ⾸ ͹䢻Сͺ˹سѵԷ駴ҹѵûԺѵԪҡдѺԸ(ԪҨóѹ)ͧ      ⾸ҹó觢鹵 

          ֧ҧ繾鹰ҹͧͻСͺйӢͧФسҾ ôس ١ͧó Сسӹѡ͸ԡú Է Һѹ ѹ¹

          Է ͡Һ ТͻзҹҾǧ˹Ҵ öҶ§ҹ µͧ


                                           ͡Һʡ


                                        (.ѹ Ѻ)
                                            ͧ͸ԡú
                              Է¾оطʹš

 

 

 




                       ⾸ Է¾оطʹš

                                                   ------



ç                        ç⾸ Է¾оطʹš
Ţç                    ..................
˹§ҹѺԴͺ           Է¾оطʹš

 



1.ѡ˵ؼ



          оطʹ§ ʹ˵ؼŷҧášԷʵ šص ԷѻѨе Իѭ٧شͧªҵ 黯Ժѵ Шѡ駴µͧ зоطͧ鹾йԴš֡ Ҿ лԺѵ騹֧ش觷ءѺºؤӡѴ
          Ѩغѹ ͧѲҡâͧš ¹ŧҧѧ ɰԨ ͧ ҾǴ š֧ФѺѹ 繷ءҡ ж١ء͹¨ҡкآԡҹ¤ ѹ ѵعͺ աҹ˹觶١ءպѴҡкѵѵҹ¤ Դ鹨ҡਵਵ 繤㨼Դ ԨҷԯԢͧѧ Դͧҧ ѵҹ¤ ѧ ¤»ѧʺ
          㹢зѹšѧ蹹 طغѵԢФ鹾ä Ҹ ѭ ѹ繡кǹ䢻ѭҢͧšó ١شҷ ѹѡ觡ôçԵẺѬһԻ ԴѹآšʹյǺ֧Ѩغѹªҵ繨ӹǹҡѺŨҡѷѺѹآè繷Шѡš
          ҧá ͧ稾ط ѡк ôԹԵ԰ҡ 2,500 ѵšѧ¹µԴ Сʵѳ ѭҢͧԵͤء ѡѡ Ҩкظ鹷ҧ觤鹷ءҹ
          Է¾оطʹšդѹҧкظºؤŨ֧Ѵç*

 



2. ѵػʧ



           2.1 ʹѺʹعѡҪҧоطʹ (⾸) ͡ʻԺѵԵѡҧԧѧ 駻ѵԸ ԺѵԸ лǸ


          2.2 ʹѺʹعѡҪҧоطʹ (⾸) ظдѺҧ ªҵ 㹻еҧ СȤ ԰š ظ ºҷºؤŷẺҧ


          2.3 ;٨繤Ȩ˭觾ѷ㹾оطʹ 觡Ҥ Էʵ(Omniscience) ҧԧ ͤ蹤˹觾оطʹ(ѨѵѧǷԵѾԭ)



3. ԸմԹ



          3.1 Ѵ駤зӧҹСͺ¼դö Шѵ繷ѷ Ͷ 繷Ѻͧѧ ҳ 10-15 /ٻ ѹԨó֡ ٻẺǷҧ ͧôԹç


          3.2 ѴЪ Workshop ѡҪҧоطʹ ӹǹ 20-30 /ٻ ԪШó ӹҭôҹԺѵԨԵǹҺظ ѹ˹ٻẺǷҧ Ἱ㹡ҧ ⾸ ջԷҾ


          3.3 ٻẺǷҧ㹡ҧ㹢 3.2 ҡ˹ѡٵͤ 㹡þѲ ѡҾͧ⾸ дԹ仵鹵͹˹


          3.4 Ӥѭͧѡٵ лСͺ кǹ觡÷ҹԻʹҡҹẺءĵ


          3.5 СѺѤ⾸Ҽشó Сطš


          3.6 Ѵ͡⾸ ¡÷ͺ ɳ ͺ Ѵ зͧ Ժѵ ࡳѴúظ㹾ûԮ


          3.7 Թ仵ѡٵ/ç÷˹Ẻ鹵ͧ



4.  ѹʶҹԹ

          Թҧ͹ ԧҤ 2547 - ѹҤ 2547 5 ͹ ٹӹ¡Է¾оطʹš ٹ컯ԺѵԸ



5.


          ԡЦ 20 /ٻ ­ 9 ¤ Թ 60 آҾ آҾԵó դöҹҵҧȨѺþԨó繾 ѧ չ Ѻ 繵

6. ԷҨмӻ֡й


          6.1 稾ѪѧҨ
          6.2 оǪíҳ
          6.3 иطԡ
          6.4 ෾ਵҨ
          6.5 ..෾
          6.6 ෾ѵع
          6.7 ҪžѲҷö
          6.8 ջѵ
          6.9 ǹطԤس
          6.10 Ҩ .ѹ
          6.11 Ҩ ⪵Իѭ 
          6.12 Ҩ Ҥ
          6.13 . ѹ
          6.14 Ҩʻ⾸ (.) 
          6.15 ѡҪҹоطʹ  



7. ҳԹ


          7.1 ʹѺʹعҡԷ¾оطʹš
          7.2 ʹѺʹعҡ  

 

8.       ŷҴҨѺ

          ѡҪҧоطʹҷç ѺѺҡѧǾط㹰ҹ⾸ ͻԺѵ˹ҷ㹡оطʹҷ㹻еҧѧԭ˹Ф蹤ԴоطʹлȪҵԹ͡ҡѧѺ¡ͧԴõԨҡԷ
оطʹš ç˹
ѤúѳԵ ѤҺѳԵ ѤôɮպѳԵ   ӴѺա

         ѤúѳԵ ѤҺѳԵ ѤôɮպѳԵ 繵˹觷 .ͺ/⾸ ¶ѡԧšûԺѵԨԵǹ ԻʹҸ㹾оطʹ ͧ⾸Ҵѧ

1. ԻʹҸ 2 ѧ

          1.1 ѯҹ 繡ûԺѵҸǹ պѭѵ(ѵ) 40 С Գ 10 繵 úԡ "ط " "ѧ" ԵʧҸ ԵվѧҹҺѵ Ѻ繺ҷԻʹ 繬ҹ ҹ ԭ 5 ʴķҧ ٷԾ ҷԾ ԹԹҡ
         
1.2 Իʹҡѯҹ 繡ûԺѵѡʵԻѯҹ 4 лѵ (-ٻ) ⾸ ҸԨԵ(ԡҸ) ͧ⾸ҼѺԹ 5 дѺ ѧҡѺԹ 5 ѡɳѡɳ ͹Ԩѧ ءѧ ͹ѵ Эҳ "ǹлѭ" (Թлѭ) ʡйԾҹ ҸԢ鹷¡ԻʹҸ ҳͻѭҷ¡ 2 ѡɳ ѡɳЪǤ ѡɳж(ҹص 3 ص 5) ֧ӨѴѧª(¡索Ҵԧ)äŹԾҹ

2.⾸Һؤ2


          2.1 ҹԡкؤ ͼ駴ҹػ ʹ ͸ص ҨǪҭ ФС 繼Ѵ͡йӹѡ Ѻ͹ԭǹҹԡкؤŷ͹ԭǹ ʶҺѹѧԵҹҾ(WILLPOWERINSTITUTE)Ѵ ӹѡǧʴѴҡ ѡѯҹ繺ҷ觡ûԺѵԻʹҡҹ (ʵԻѯҹ 4)  
ʺҹԡй Ѻ˹觷Է¾оطʹš ͺ (͹мš÷ͺͧҨ͹ ͺФС)

          2.2 Իʹҹԡкؤ
駴ҹػ ʹҺ ͸ص ҨǪҭ ФС . ФѴ͡йӹѡ Ѻ֡һԺѵӹѡԺѵѡʵԻѯҹ

稡Ѻöµ˹ .ǡѹ ͹䢷Ҩ͹ͺҹФСҧ͡

          ⾸Һؤ 3 ˹觹 Է¾оطʹš Ѵ駢ԧдѺþѲ ͧԵ Ҷ֧ͧ 㹾оطʹӤѭ.
                                           


*
¶֧ؤż黯Ժѵ繨ԧ 觹ªҵ 鹷ء оطʷ "ѷҧҨҡ:- 4 ʴҺѹ ʡзҤ ͹Ҥ оѹ 㹾иԹ¹ҹ " طѷ ԺѵԴն١ͧä 8 šҧҡѹ.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 







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